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Hpv (human Papillomavirus) Vaccine For Adolescents


The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine

is an injection given to females and males to protect against human papillomavirus infection. The HPV vaccine is the most effective way to prevent most cancers caused by HPV infection. HPV is the most common infection spread by sexual contact. The HPV vaccine is most effective if it is given before sexual activity begins. This allows your adolescent's body to build almost complete protection against HPV before coming in contact with the virus. The HPV vaccine will be effective until your adolescent reaches the age of 26. HPV infections may cause oral and genital warts or tumors in your adolescent's nose, mouth, throat, and lungs. HPV infection may also cause vaginal, penile, and anal cancers.

When your adolescent should get the vaccine:

The first dose may be given as early as 9 years of age. The HPV vaccine is most effective if given at 11 or 12 years old. It can be given with other vaccinations. If your adolescent is sick, wait until symptoms go away before she or he gets the vaccine. If your adolescent has not been vaccinated by age 12, he or she can still get the vaccine.

HPV vaccine schedule:

  • The vaccine is given in 2 doses to healthy adolescents 13 through 14 years of age.
    • The first dose is given at any time.
    • The second dose is given 6 to 12 months after the first dose.
  • The vaccine is given in 3 doses to adolescents 13 through 17 years of age who have a weak immune system. The vaccine is also given in 3 doses to adolescents 15 to 17 years of age.
    • The first dose is given at any time.
    • The second dose is given 1 to 2 months after the first dose.
    • The third dose is given 6 months after the first dose.

Call 911 for the following:

  • Your adolescent has signs of a severe allergic reaction, such as trouble breathing, hives, or wheezing.

Seek care immediately if:

  • Your adolescent has a high fever or behavior changes that concern you.

Contact your adolescent's healthcare provider if:

  • You have questions or concerns about the HPV vaccine.

Apply a warm compress

to the area to relieve swelling and pain.

Risks of the HPV vaccine:

Your adolescent may have pain, redness, or swelling where the shot was given. She or he may have a fever or headache. She or he may also have an allergic reaction to the vaccine. This can be life-threatening.

Follow up with your child's healthcare provider as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your child's visits.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.