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WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). It is caused by a bacteria most often spread through vaginal, oral, or anal sex. You have an increased risk of chlamydia if you have another STI, such as gonorrhea. Your risk is also higher if you have more than 1 sex partner.
Return to the emergency department if:
- You have a fever.
- You have nausea or you cannot stop vomiting.
- You have severe abdominal pain.
Contact your healthcare provider if:
- Your signs or symptoms last longer than 1 week or get worse during treatment.
- Your signs or symptoms return after treatment.
- You have pain during sex.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
- Antibiotics kill the bacteria that causes chlamydia. Take them as directed.
- Take your medicine as directed. Contact your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him or her if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.
Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:
You may need to return regularly for tests. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.
Prevent the spread of chlamydia:
- Wash your hands often. Use soap and water. Wash your hands after you use the bathroom. This helps prevent the infection from spreading to other parts of your body, such as your eyes.
- Use a latex condom during sex to prevent chlamydia and other STIs. Use a new condom each time you have sex.
- Talk to your sex partners. Tell anyone you have had sex with in the last 3 months that you have chlamydia. They may also be infected and need treatment. Ask your sex partners to get tested before you have sex.
- Do not have sex until you and your partner have taken all of your antibiotics. Ask your healthcare provider when it is safe to have sex.
- Get regular screenings for STIs. Ask your healthcare provider how often to get tested for STIs. He may tell you to get tested after you have sex with a new partner.
Manage your symptoms:
- Keep your genital area clean and dry. Take showers instead of baths, and use unscented soap.
- Do not douche unless your healthcare provider says it is okay. Do not use feminine hygiene sprays or powders.
Tell your healthcare provider if you are pregnant:
You can spread chlamydia to your baby while you are pregnant. Your baby could get an eye infection or pneumonia. Chlamydia may also cause your baby to be born too early. Early treatment may prevent your baby from getting chlamydia.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.