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is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). It is caused by a bacteria most often spread through vaginal, oral, or anal sex. You have an increased risk of chlamydia if you have another STI, such as gonorrhea. Your risk is also higher if you have more than 1 sex partner.
Common symptoms include the following:
You may have no signs or symptoms. Even without signs and symptoms, you can still pass the infection on to your sex partner. The signs and symptoms of chlamydia include the following:
- Vaginal redness or itching
- Discharge from your vagina, penis, or rectum
- Pain with urination
- Pain during sex
- Abdominal pain
- Testicular pain
Seek care immediately if:
- You have a fever.
- You have nausea or vomit repeatedly.
- You have severe abdominal pain.
Contact your healthcare provider if:
- Your signs or symptoms last longer than 1 week or get worse during treatment.
- Your signs or symptoms return after treatment.
- You have pain during sex.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
Treatment for chlamydia
may include antibiotics to treat the bacterial infection. Untreated chlamydia may cause permanent damage to your reproductive system (ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes), chronic pain, or difficulty getting pregnant. It may also cause an ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy outside of the uterus).
Prevent the spread of chlamydia:
- Wash your hands often. Use soap and water. Wash your hands after you use the bathroom. This helps prevent the infection from spreading to other parts of your body, such as your eyes.
- Use a latex condom during sex to prevent chlamydia and other STIs. Use a new condom each time you have sex.
- Talk to your sex partners. Tell anyone you have had sex with in the last 3 months that you have chlamydia. They may also be infected and need treatment. Ask your sex partners to get tested before you have sex.
- Get regular screenings for STIs. Ask your healthcare provider how often to get tested for STIs. He may tell you to get tested after you have sex with a new partner.
- Do not have sex until you and your partner have taken all of your antibiotics. Ask your healthcare provider when it is safe to have sex.
Manage your symptoms:
- Keep your genital area clean and dry. Take showers instead of baths, and use unscented soap.
- Do not douche unless your healthcare provider says it is okay. Do not use feminine hygiene sprays or powders.
Tell your healthcare provider if you are pregnant:
You can spread chlamydia to your baby while you are pregnant. Your baby could get an eye infection or pneumonia. Chlamydia may also cause your baby to be born too early. Early treatment may prevent your baby from getting chlamydia.
Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:
You may need to return regularly for tests. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.