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Celiac Disease

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Apr 2, 2024.

What is celiac disease?

Celiac disease is a long-term condition that affects your small intestine. Your immune system reacts to the protein gluten in food and damages your small intestine. You may not be able to absorb vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients from the foods you eat.

Abdominal Organs

What increases my risk for celiac disease?

The cause of celiac disease is not known. You are at higher risk if you have another autoimmune disease, such as rheumatoid arthritis, or a family member with celiac disease.

What are the signs and symptoms of celiac disease?

How is celiac disease diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will examine you and ask about your symptoms. Tell your provider if symptoms happen when you have certain foods or drinks. Include everything that causes symptoms, and how long it takes them to begin. You may need to work with a dietitian or your provider to make meal plans that do not contain gluten. This can help confirm that gluten is causing your symptoms. You may also need these or other tests to confirm or rule out celiac disease:

How is celiac disease treated?

Celiac disease cannot be cured. The goal of treatment is to reduce the symptoms. It may take 6 months or longer for your intestines to function better. You may need medicine such as steroids to control your immune system and decrease inflammation.

Treatment options

The following list of medications are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

How do I manage celiac disease?

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Learn more about Celiac Disease

Treatment options

Symptoms and treatments

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.