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Biliary Bypass

Medically reviewed by Last updated on May 6, 2024.

What is a biliary bypass?

Biliary bypass is surgery to go around a blockage in your bile duct. A blockage can cause bile to build up in your gallbladder or liver. This can cause problems such as pain, itching, jaundice, and liver failure. Surgery will help bile flow out of your liver to your gallbladder or small intestine. This can help relieve signs and symptoms caused by the blockage. Biliary bypass may be done if you have a blockage that cannot be removed through another kind of surgery.


How do I prepare for a biliary bypass?

What will happen during a biliary bypass?

You may have laparoscopic or robotic surgery. This means you will have a few small incisions in your abdomen. You may instead have open surgery. This means you will have one larger incision in your abdomen.

What should I expect after a biliary bypass?

You may have some pain after surgery. Talk with your healthcare provider about pain medicine to control the pain. You may be on a clear liquid diet right after surgery. Examples of clear liquids are broth, gelatin, and clear juice. You will begin to eat solid foods slowly. Soft foods may be given first to prevent nausea and vomiting. It may take a few months for you to heal completely after surgery.

What are the risks of a biliary bypass?

You may bleed more than expected or develop an infection. The area where bile drains may leak. You may develop problems digesting food, or you may have nausea and vomiting. The new connection may become narrow or blocked over time. You may need another procedure or surgery if this happens. You may get a blood clot in your limb. This may become life-threatening.

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

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