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Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease News

Blood Test May Gauge Death Risk After Surgery

Posted 2 hours ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 25, 2017 – A highly sensitive blood test can identify patients with a raised risk of death in the month after surgery, a large study suggests. On average, 1 percent of patients die within 30 days after noncardiac surgery – most from a heart attack, said researcher Dr. P.J. Devereaux, a professor at McMaster University in Ontario, Canada. Testing for a protein called troponin that's found in heart muscle can help identify those post-op patients most at risk, Devereaux and an international team of researchers reported. However, the study could not prove a direct cause-and-effect relationship between troponin levels and death risk. Surgery is a major stress to the body's organs. Troponin is released into the blood when the heart muscle has been damaged, Devereaux explained. "Most of the heart injuries happen in the first day-and-a-half after surgery, when most patients are ... Read more

Related support groups: Surgery, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Surgical Prophylaxis, Cardiothoracic Surgery

Is a Low-Salt Diet Always Healthy?

Posted 4 hours 48 minutes ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 25, 2017 – Steering clear of salty foods might not be as helpful for your heart health as previously thought, a new study claims. Participants in a long-range heart study did not appear to derive any health advantage from a low-salt diet, said lead researcher Lynn Moore. "People who were on a lower-sodium [salt] diet in general over the next 20 or 30 years actually had no benefit, specifically in terms of their blood pressure or their risk of developing heart disease," said Moore, an associate professor with the Boston University School of Medicine. On the other hand, these people did enjoy better health when they increased their intake of potassium, a mineral that helps the heart in a couple of ways, Moore and her colleagues found. "Higher intakes of potassium were strongly associated with both a lower blood pressure and a lower risk of heart disease," Moore said. "The ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Heart Disease, Sodium Chloride, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, HalfLytely and Bisacodyl, Ischemic Heart Disease, Rhinaris, Hyper-Sal, ENTsol, Potassium Chloride/Sodium Chloride, Saline Nasal Mist, Thermotabs, Hypertensive Heart Disease, Dextrose/Sodium Chloride, Ayr Saline Nasal, Neilmed Nasogel, Tip-Lok Diluent, Bisacodyl/Polyethylene Glycol 3350/Potassium Chloride/Sodium Bicarbonate/Sodium Chloride

Want a Longer Life? Try Biking to Work

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 20, 2017 – Adding a few miles of biking each day to your commute might add years to your life span, new research suggests. The British study found that bicycling to work appeared to halve people's odds for serious disease and premature death. Researchers from the University of Glasgow in Scotland looked at the commuting habits of more than 264,000 people in the United Kingdom and tracked their health over five years. Cycling to work was associated with a 46 percent lower risk of heart disease over five years and a 45 percent lower risk of cancer compared to a sedentary commute. Risk of premature death was 41 percent lower. Walking to work was also beneficial, but not to the same degree. Hoofing it was associated with a 27 percent lower risk of heart disease and a 36 percent lower risk of dying from heart disease. However, it wasn't linked with a lower risk of cancer or ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Many Heart Attack Patients Fail to Stick With Statins

Posted 6 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 19, 2017 – High doses of powerful statin drugs have been shown to avert future heart problems, including heart attack and stroke. Yet many heart attack patients stop taking these medicines as recommended, a new study reveals. Researchers examined data for heart attack patients who had a prescription for a "high-intensity" statin filled within 30 days of being discharged from the hospital. Two years later, only 42 percent were taking these medicines regularly, the study found. Thirteen percent switched to a low- or moderate-intensity statin, while 19 percent weren't taking a statin regularly. Close to 1 in 5 stopped taking any statin altogether, the researchers said. The lack of adherence to recommended high-intensity statin therapy is short-sighted, suggested study lead author Dr. Robert Rosenson. "The message is that the benefits of statins continue to accrue over ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, High Cholesterol, Lipitor, Simvastatin, Crestor, Atorvastatin, Pravastatin, Transient Ischemic Attack, Zocor, Lovastatin, Rosuvastatin, High Cholesterol - Familial Heterozygous, Hypertriglyceridemia, Pravachol, Livalo, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Red Yeast Rice, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis

Blood Pressure: Know Your Numbers

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 18, 2017 – Having high blood pressure makes you more likely to have heart disease or a stroke. But because high blood pressure doesn't usually cause warning symptoms, you could be at risk without even knowing it. That's why it's important to have your blood pressure checked regularly by a healthcare professional. High blood pressure is a particular concern if you're black because it's more prevalent among blacks than any other group in the United States. Research from Johns Hopkins University found that a primary cause of high blood pressure among blacks was stress. However, anyone can develop high blood pressure. When you have a blood pressure check: The first, or top, number in the reading is called the systolic number; the second, or lower, number, is the diastolic number. Normal blood pressure is less than 120 mmHg for systolic pressure and a diastolic level of less ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Hypertensive Heart Disease, Post MI Syndrome

Leading Medical Groups Join March for Science on April 22

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 17, 2017 – More than two dozen U.S. medical groups say they will join the March for Science on Earth Day. Organizers say the April 22 march, planned as a protest against the Trump administration's policies towards federal health and environmental agencies, will include more than 170 groups. The main march will be held on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., with additional marches scheduled in 425 other locations worldwide. "Science, scientists and evidence-based policymaking are under attack," the March for Science organizers said on the group's website. "Budget cuts, censorship of researchers, disappearing datasets, and threats to dismantle government agencies harm us all, putting our health, food, air, water, climate, and jobs at risk," the march organizers added. "It is time for people who support science to take a stand and be counted." The medical groups taking ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Trump Rolls Out First Set of Obamacare Fixes

Posted 11 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, April 14, 2017 – Limited fixes to the shaky health insurance marketplaces created by the Affordable Care Act were rolled out by the Trump administration on Thursday. But the changes coming from the Department of Health and Human Services may not be enough to stabilize coverage for millions of Americans, health insurance industry experts told the Associated Press. The fixes include: An open-enrollment window that is roughly half as long as the current window of 90 days. Curbs on "special enrollment periods" that let consumers sign up outside the normal open-enrollment window. Insurers claim these have allowed some people to sign up only when they need costly treatment. Allowing an insurer to collect past debt for unpaid premiums from the prior year before applying a consumer's payments to a new policy. Giving insurers greater flexibility to create low-premium plans that would ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Early Onset Hot Flashes May Signal Higher Heart Risks

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 13, 2017 – Hot flashes may be more than a troublesome nuisance for some women during menopause – they may be a signal for increased risk of heart disease, new research suggests. Researchers tracked the health of 272 nonsmoking women, aged 40 to 60. Among women between 40 and 53 years of age, frequent hot flashes were linked to poorer function in blood vessels, the study found. This association was independent of other heart disease risk factors, noted the team led by Rebecca Thurston of the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. The link seemed restricted to the younger women in the study – there was no such relationship among women aged 54 to 60, the study authors said. One obstetrician/gynecologist called the findings potentially "groundbreaking." At least in those women who undergo menopause early, hot flashes "are not simply a bother, but herald potential ... Read more

Related support groups: Hot Flashes, Menopausal Disorders, Postmenopausal Symptoms, Perimenopausal Symptoms, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Ischemic Heart Disease

Could a Clinical Trial Help Your Child?

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 12, 2017 – If a doctor suggests your child enroll in a clinical trial, you'll undoubtedly have questions. Probably lots of them. Clinical research trials are performed in children to develop age-specific treatments, and to assess the safety and/or effectiveness of drugs and vaccines in their smaller bodies. Participation is voluntary. Depending on the type of trial and product evaluated, participants may receive an experimental drug, a proven treatment, or an inactive pill (placebo). However, children will continue taking any medication they require for their health. Your child could receive a new treatment that may or may not be better than the current therapy, says the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. "People often think that a clinical trial that tests an experimental drug is riskier than being treated in your doctor's office with an already approved drug that has ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease

Is 'Desktop Medicine' Chipping Away at Patient Care?

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 11, 2017 – Physicians spend roughly as many hours on computer work as they do meeting with patients, a new study reveals. The findings are based on the daily habits of nearly 500 U.S. doctors. On average, they clocked about 3 hours with patients and around 3 hours on so-called desktop medicine, the researchers found. One doctor said the study provides grist for those who believe the American health system burdens physicians with too much red tape. "Unnecessary and redundant paperwork steals time from listening to our patients, examining them and teaching them," said Dr. Stephanie Woolhandler. She's a professor of public health at the City University of New York at Hunter College. "It consumes resources and erodes physician morale," added Woolhandler, who wasn't involved in the study. The American Medical Association, the American College of Physicians and other ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

10 Minutes of Sweat a Day Helps Kids' Hearts

Posted 16 days ago by Drugs.com

SATURDAY, April 8, 2017 – Just a bit of vigorous exercise each day could help some children and teens reduce their risk of developing heart problems and diabetes, researchers say. The new study looked at nearly 11,600 kids, aged 4 to 18, in the United States, Brazil and Europe. The investigators found that replacing light exercise with as little as 10 minutes a day of intense activity may provide significant cardiometabolic benefits for young people who have relatively large waists and elevated levels of insulin in their blood. These are factors that put them at risk for developing heart problems and metabolic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes. "The results suggest that substituting modest amounts of vigorous physical activity for longer-duration light exercise may have cardiometabolic benefits above and beyond those conveyed by moderate activity and the avoidance of sedentary ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Heart Disease, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Droughts Tied to Climate Change Could Bring Health Risks for Seniors

Posted 20 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 5, 2017 – Severe drought can put older people at added risk of heart and lung illness – and even death, a new study finds. Scientists forecast more droughts in the United States as climate change patterns continue. In the new study, researchers analyzed health and drought data from 618 counties in the western United States. The data included hospitalizations for heart- and lung-related problems as well as deaths among people aged 65 and older between 2000 and 2013. During droughts, heart problems and deaths did not rise, and rates of lung-related hospitalizations fell, the findings showed. But deaths did rise during severe, worsening droughts, the investigators found. "Our study is one of the largest to explore the link between drought and human health and, as far as we know, the first to investigate cardiovascular- and respiratory-related admissions," said lead ... Read more

Related support groups: Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Respiratory Tract Disease

'Yo-Yo' Dieting Does No Favors for Your Heart

Posted 5 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 5, 2017 – Yo-yo dieting – quickly losing weight only to promptly regain it – may raise the risk of heart problems, a new study suggests. People who experience regular weight fluctuations of 8 to 10 pounds are much more likely to suffer from heart disease, heart attack, stroke and other heart-related maladies than people who only experienced shifts of 2 pounds or less, said lead researcher Dr. Sripal Bangalore. He is an interventional cardiologist with NYU Langone Medical Center in New York City. In particular, yo-yo dieters had more than twice the risk of death, heart attack or stroke compared with people who maintained a relatively stable body weight, Bangalore said. "For every 1.5- to 2-pound change in weight fluctuation, the risk of any coronary or cardiovascular event was increased by 4 percent, and the risk of death by 9 percent," Bangalore said. Patients with ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Heart Disease, Weight Loss, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Can Stem Cell 'Patch' Help Heart Failure?

Posted 5 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 5, 2017 – Scientists report another step in the use of stem cells to help treat people with debilitating heart failure. In an early study of 27 patients, Japanese researchers used patients' own muscle stem cells to create a "patch" that was placed on the heart. Over the next year, the patients generally showed small improvements in their symptoms – including the ability to walk without becoming breathless and fatigued. However, experts cautioned that while the results are encouraging, there's a lot of work left ahead before stem cells can be used to treat heart failure. "They've shown that this approach is feasible," said Dr. Eiran Gorodeski, a heart failure specialist at the Cleveland Clinic in Ohio. But it's not clear whether the stem-cell tactic was actually effective, said Gorodeski, who was not involved in the study. That's because the study didn't include a ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Failure, Congestive Heart Failure, Left Ventricular Dysfunction, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Left Ventriculography

High Thyroid Hormone Levels Tied to Stiffer Arteries

Posted 4 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 4, 2017 – Middle-aged and older folks with elevated levels of a thyroid hormone may face a higher risk of developing hardened blood vessels, a new Dutch study suggests. Hardened blood vessels (atherosclerosis) develop when plaque builds up on blood vessel walls. This condition is a risk factor for heart disease. "Coronary heart disease and stroke remain a leading cause of mortality worldwide, despite advances in prevention and treatment," study author Dr. Arjola Bano said in a news release from The Endocrine Society. Therefore, identifying additional modifiable risk factors for hardened blood vessels is important, he said. "These findings suggest that thyroid hormone measurement can help identify individuals at risk for atherosclerosis, and may have future implications for the prevention of atherosclerotic morbidity and mortality," Bano said. He's a doctoral candidate at ... Read more

Related support groups: Thyroid Disease, Hyperthyroidism, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

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