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Bipolar Disorder - Does anyone know why olanzapine (Zyprexa) causes people to gain weight?

Answers (2)

WildcatVet 9 Dec 2020

Hi, Jayla!
Most, if not all, psychotropic medications have the potential to cause weight gain by changes to your metabolism that affect appetite and fat storage mechanisms.
Diet and exercise can help reduce excessive weight gain but it may be unavoidable for some users.
Zyprexa is an older type of antipsychotic which is notorious for causing weight gain... if it's a problem then one of the newer (2nd generation) medications may be more weight neutral for you.
Best regards,
Wildcat

Votes: +1
masso 9 Dec 2020

Hi,

Sorry, but I must add that Zyprexa (Olanzapine) is a 2nd generation antipsychotic, I know this for a fact as I take it.

Have a great day! masso

WildcatVet 9 Dec 2020

Oops, you're so right! It's an atypical SGA. I was thinking in terms of Abilify, Vraylar, Rexulti, etc. as being the "newer" medications.
It's too early in the morning here... I should wake up before I comment. HaHa!

korbnep 9 Dec 2020

For a technical response with regard to the biochemical mechanism of atypical antipsychotic weight gain:

"The high likelihood of weight gain with these medications has been linked to their actions at serotonin 5-HT2A and 5-HT2C, dopamine D2 and D3, histamine H1 and muscarinic M3 receptors."

Antipsychotic-associated weight gain: management strategies and impact on treatment adherence. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat (2017) PMID: 28883731 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5574691/

and

"Substantial data exist implicating activity at the H1, 5-HT2C, 5-HT2A, M3 and adrenergic receptors. In considering the two drugs with the greatest weight gain liability, clozapine and olanzapine, it is noteworthy that nearly all of these receptors are in their binding profile."

Atypical antipsychotic-induced weight gain: insights into mechanisms of action. CNS Drugs (2011) PMID: 22133326 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22133326/

Votes: +1
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