LISINOPRIL 2.5 MG TABLETS

Active substance: LISINOPRIL DIHYDRATE

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PACKAGE LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR THE USER
Lisinopril 2.5 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg and 20 mg Tablets
Active substance: lisinopril
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine.

Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.

If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

This medicine has been prescribed for you. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even
if their symptoms are the same as yours.

If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet,
please tell your doctor or pharmacist.
In this leaflet:
1.
What Lisinopril is and what it is used for
2.
Before you take Lisinopril
3.
How to take Lisinopril
4.
Possible side effects
5.
How to store Lisinopril
6.
Further information

1.

WHAT LISINOPRIL IS AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR
Lisinopril is used to treat:

high blood pressure

reduced heart pumping ability

patients recovering from a heart attack

kidney disease resulting from diabetes and high blood pressure.
Lisinopril should not be used in children with severe kidney impairment.
Lisinopril is recommended in children (above 6 years old) only for the treatment of
high blood pressure (hypertension).
Lisinopril belongs to the ACE inhibitor medicine group (angiotensin-converting enzyme
inhibitors). Lisinopril expands your blood vessels. This reduces your blood pressure and makes
it easier for your heart to pump blood to all body parts.

2.

BEFORE YOU TAKE LISINOPRIL
Do not take Lisinopril

if you are allergic (hypersensitive) to
lisinopril or,
any of the other ingredients or,
other ACE inhibitors.

if during earlier ACE inhibitor use you had swelling of the face, lips, tongue and/or
throat with difficulty swallowing, breathing or with joints.
Do not take Lisinopril if you had any of these reactions
without a known cause or
if it has been confirmed that you have a hereditary or
other form of fluid accumulation (angiooedema).



if you are more than 3 months pregnant. (It is also better to avoid Lisinopril in early
pregnancy – see pregnancy section.)

Take special care with Lisinopril
Tell your doctor if you have or have had any medical condition especially the following:

dehydration due to treatment with „water tablets“ (diuretics), dialysis, a low salt diet,
vomiting or diarrhoea.
f this applies to you, on starting medication you may frequently have a large drop in
blood pressure.

If you suffer from heart disorders such as heart failure, narrowing of the aortic or mitral
valves (aortic or mitral stenosis), or an increase in the thickness of the heart muscle
(hypertrophic cardiomyopathy or ‘HOCM’) or if you have a condition involving the

blood vessels in the brain.



kidney problems
dialysis treatment
with high flux membranes
blood separation treatment to remove cholesterol from your blood by machine with
dextran sulphate
or
desensitisation treatment to reduce the effects of an allergy to a bee or wasp sting.
In these cases tell your doctor that you are taking Lisinopril. He may wish to interrupt
your Lisinopril treatment to prevent a possible allergic reaction.

liver problems. If you develop jaundice during use of Lisinopril stop taking it and
consult your doctor.

blood vessel disease, know as collagen vascular disease

Black people of Afro Caribbean origin have a higher risk of having:
sudden fluid accumulation in the skin and mucous membranes such as throat or
tongue
breathing difficulties
itching and rash, often as an allergic reaction
a reduction of Lisinopril’s effect.

cough
Inform your doctor if this becomes worse.

If you need to have surgery or an anaesthetic, remind your doctor or dentist that you are
taking Lisinopril.

If taking other medicines, such as potassium supplements, lithium (for mental disorders)
or medicines against diabetes.

If you experience an infection with symptoms such as fever and serious deterioration of
your general condition, or fever with local infection symptoms such as sore
throat/pharynx/mouth or urinary problems you should see your doctor immediately
If you are unsure if any of the above apply to you, please discuss this with your doctor.
You must tell your doctor if you think that you are (or might become) pregnant. Lisinopril is not
recommended in early pregnancy, and must not be taken if you are more than 3 months
pregnant, as it may cause serious harm to your baby if used at that stage (see Pregnancy
section).
Using other medicines
Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are using or have recently used any other
medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription.
This particularly applies to:















Diuretics (“water tablets”) which are used to treat high blood pressure including
potassium-sparing diuretics such as spironolactone, triamterence or amiloride.
Other medicines used to treat high blood pressure.
medicines to treat arthritis or muscle pain, such as acetylsalicylic acid doses over 3
grams daily or indomethacin
Medicines for mental disorders or depressions such as
lithium
medicines to treat psychoses
tricyclic antidepressants, such as amitriptiline
Potassium containing supplements or salt substitutes.
Blood sugar lowering medicines, such as insulin or those taken orally.
The antidiabetic medicine dose may need adjusting.
Central nervous system stimulative medicines, such as
ephedrine or pseudoephedrine, which could be included in decongestants or
cough/cold remedies or
salbutamol, a medicine for treating asthma.
Medicines to suppress the body’s immune system
Allopurinol, a medicines to treat gout
Procainamide, used to treat abnormal heartbeats
Gold injections (sodium aurothiomalate), a medicine to injection against rheumatic
arthritis

Pregnancy and breast-feeding
Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicines.
Pregnancy
You must tell your doctor if you think that you are (or might become) pregnant.
Your doctor will normally advise you to stop taking Lisinopril before you become pregnant or
as soon as you know you are pregnant and will advise you to take another medicine instead of
Lisinopril. Lisinopril is not recommended in early pregnancy, and must not be taken when more
than 3 months pregnant, as it may cause serious harm to your baby if used after the third month
of pregnancy.
Lactation
Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding or about to start breast-feeding. Lisinopril is not
recommended for mothers who are breast-feeding, and your doctor may choose another
treatment for you if you wish to breast-feed, especially if your baby is newborn, or was born
prematurely.

Driving and using machines
Dizziness or tiredness may occur when using Lisinopril. Do not drive or operate machinery if
this affects you.

3.

HOW TO TAKE LISINOPRIL
Always take Lisinopril for as long and exactly as your doctor has told you. You should check
with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
Lisinopril should be taken once daily preferably every morning. Take the tablets whole with a
glass of water independent of meal.
The tablets are not intended to be broken.

The usual dose is:

For high blood pressure
The recommended starting dose is 4 tablets.
For severe conditions your doctor may decide to start you on between 1–2 tablets.
Once optimal control of blood pressure has been reached, the usual effective maintenance
dose is 8* tablets as a single daily dose.
If within a period of 2–4 weeks your blood pressure is not under control, your doctor may
increase your dose further up to maximum of 80 mg* daily.
Diuretic-Treated Patients
If possible, the diuretic should be discontinued 2 to 3 days before beginning therapy with
lisinopril. Patients with high blood pressure who cannot discontinue the diuretic therapy,
should begin Lisinopril treatment with 2 tablets.


Heart conditions such as heart failure
The usual starting dose is 1 tablet once a day. Your doctor may increase this dose if
required at intervals of 2 weeks or more and by increments of 4 tablets or less.



Following a heart attack
The usual dose is 2 tablets on Day 1 and Day 2, then 4 tablets taken once a day.



Diabetic patients with kidney problems
The usual dose is 4 tablets once a day which may be increased by your doctor to 8*
tablets once a day.

Lisinopril 5mg tablets:
The tablets can be divided into equal halves.
The usual dose is:


For high blood pressure
The recommended starting dose is 2 tablets.
For severe conditions your doctor may decide to start you on between ½–1 tablet.
Once optimal control of blood pressure has been reached, the usual effective maintenance
dose is 4 tablets as a single daily dose.
If within a period of 2–4 weeks your blood pressure is not under control, your doctor may
increase your dose further up to maximum of 80 mg* daily.
*

For this dosage, tablets with a higher content of active substance are available.

Diuretic-Treated Patients
If possible, the diuretic should be discontinued 2 to 3 days before beginning therapy with
lisinopril. Patients with high blood pressure who cannot discontinue the diuretic therapy,
should begin Lisinopril treatment with 1 tablet.


Heart conditions such as heart failure
The usual starting dose is ½ tablet once a day. Your doctor may increase this dose if
required at intervals of 2 weeks or more and by increments of 2 tablets or less.



Following a heart attack

The usual dose is 1 tablet on Day 1 and Day 2, then 2 tablets taken once a day.


Diabetic patients with kidney problems
The usual dose is 2 tablets once a day which may be increased by your doctor to 4 tablets
once a day.

Lisinopril 10mg tablets:
The tablets can be divided into equal halves.
The usual dose is:

For high blood pressure
The recommended starting dose is 1 tablet.
For severe conditions your doctor may decide to start you on between 2.5 mg*– ½ tablet.
Once optimal control of blood pressure has been reached, the usual effective maintenance
dose is 2 tablets as a single daily dose.
If within a period of 2–4 weeks your blood pressure is not under control, your doctor may
increase your dose further up to maximum of 8* tablets daily.
Diuretic-Treated Patients
If possible, the diuretic should be discontinued 2 to 3 days before beginning therapy with
lisinopril. Patients with high blood pressure who cannot discontinue the diuretic therapy,
should begin Lisinopril treatment with ½ tablet.


Heart conditions such as heart failure
The usual starting dose is 2.5 mg* once a day. Your doctor may increase this dose if
required at intervals of 2 weeks or more and by increments of 1 tablet or less.
*
For this dosage, tablets with a lower or higher content of active substance are
available.



Following a heart attack
The usual dose is ½ tablet on Day 1 and Day 2, then 1 tablet taken once a day.



Diabetic patients with kidney problems
The usual dose is 1 tablet once a day which may be increased by your doctor to 2 tablets
once a day.

Lisinopril 20mg tablets:
The tablets can be divided into equal halves.
The usual dose is:

For high blood pressure
The recommended starting dose is ½ tablet.
For severe conditions your doctor may decide to start you on between 2.5 mg*–5 mg*.
Once optimal control of blood pressure has been reached, the usual effective maintenance
dose is 1 tablet as a single daily dose.
If within a period of 2–4 weeks your blood pressure is not under control, your doctor may
increase your dose further up to maximum of 4 tablets daily.
Diuretic-Treated Patients

If possible, the diuretic should be discontinued 2 to 3 days before beginning therapy with
lisinopril. Patients with high blood pressure who cannot discontinue the diuretic therapy,
should begin Lisinopril treatment with 5 mg*.


Heart conditions such as heart failure
The usual starting dose is 2.5 mg* once a day. Your doctor may increase this dose if
required at intervals of 2 weeks or more and by increments of ½ tablet or less.



Following a heart attack
The usual dose are 5 mg* on Day 1 and Day 2, then ½ tablet taken once a day.



Diabetic patients with kidney problems
The usual dose is ½ tablet once a day which may be increased by your doctor to 1 tablet
once a day.

Patients with reduced kidney function
If you suffer from a kidney disorder, the doctor should prescribe the lowest possible dose and
monitor your kidney function.
Children under 6 years
The use of Lisinopril is not recommended.

Children and adolescents aged 6-16 years
The dose depends on your weight. The usual starting dose is between 2.5mg and 5mg once
daily, which can be increased to a maximum of 20mg to 40mg once daily. Patients with kidney
problems should take a lower dose or increase dosing interval. Your doctor will decide the
correct dose for you.
Elderly, over 65 years
No special dosage adjustment is necessary. In case of reduced kidney function the dose should
be adjusted carefully.
Patients following recent kidney transplant
The use of Lisinopril tablets is not recommended.
* For this dosage, tablets with a higher content of active substance are available.
If you take more Lisinopril than you should
Contact your doctor or the nearest hospital casualty department immediately.
Take this leaflet or some tablets with you so that people will know what you have taken.
If you forget to take Lisinopril
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember but never take two doses in one day.
If you stop taking Lisinopril
Do not stop treatment before talking to your doctor, as this will reduce the treatments effect.
If you have any further questions on the use of this product, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
4.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
Like all medicines, Lisinopril can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.

Allergic reaction signs and symptoms are:

difficulties in breathing

swelling of the face, hands, feets, lips, tongue and/or throat

severe skin itch with raised lumps.
Stop taking Lisinopril and seek medical advice immediately, if you develop any of the
allergic reaction signs.
Side effects can occur with the following frequencies:
Common, occurs in 1 to 10 per 100 users:

dizziness

headache

fall in blood pressure as a result e.g. of standing up rapidly from a sitting or lying
position, sometimes accompanied by dizziness

cough

diarrhoea

vomiting

kidney problems
Uncommon, occurs in 1 to 10 per 1000 users:

mood changes

the sensation of pins and needles

vertigo

taste abnormalities

difficulty in sleeping

possible heart attack or stroke in high risk patients

increased heart rate

heart palpitations

numbness or tingling in the fingers and toes

runny nose

feeling sick (nausea)

abdominal pain

indigestion

skin rash and/or itching

sudden accumulation of fluid in the skin and mucous membranes (e.g. throat or tongue),
breathing difficulties and/or itching and rash, often as an allergic reaction
(hypersensitivity/angioneurotic oedema)

inability to maintain an erection (impotence)

tiredness

general weakness

increase in blood urea, serum creatinin or liver enzyme values

too much potassium in the blood, sometimes manifesting itself as muscle cramps,
diarrhoea, nausea, dizziness, headache (hyperkalaemia)
Rare, occurs in 1 to 10 per 10 000 users:

decrease of the red blood pigment haemoglobin and number of red blood cells
(hämatocrit)

mental confusion

dry mouth

nettle rash

hair loss

psoriasis, a skin disorder

kidney failure leading to excessive urea in the blood

enlargement of one or both breasts in men

allergic reactions - See above!




increase of bilirubin, a substance produced in the liver
low sodium level in the blood (signs are tiredness, confusion and muscle twitching)

Very rare, occurs in less than 1 of 10 000 users:

inhibition of the formation of blood in the bone marrow

deficiency of red blood cells with signs such as looking pale or feeling tired

unexpected bruising

blood abnormality and abnormalities of the lymph glands

low blood sugar levels

difficulty in breathing, inflammation of nasal sinuses, certain forms of pneumonia

inflammation of the pancreas

allergic reaction in the small intestine (intestinal angioedema)

inflammation of the liver (hepatitis) or other liver disorders such as jaundice (yellowing
of the skin and/or the whites of the eyes)

severe skin disorders including Stevens-Johnson Syndrome and aggregate of mature or
abnormal looking lymphocytes in the dermis (cutaneous pseudolymphoma).

excessive sweating (diaphoresis)

production of less urine and/or passing urine less frequently.
Frequency unknown:

depressive symptoms, syncope
Skin reactions may be accompanied by fever, inflammation of a blood vessel (vasculitis) ,
muscle pains (myalgia), pains in the joints (arthralgia) and inflammation of the joints (arthritis),
increased quantity of antibodies (ANA), increased blood sedimentation rate, rash and increase in
the number of white blood cells (eosinophilia and leukocytosis), rash, photosensitive to light or
other skin reactions can occur.
Children
Safety data from clinical studies suggest that lisinopril is generally well tolerated in
hypertensive children, and that the safety profile in this age group is comparable to that seen in
adults.
If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet,
please tell your doctor or pharmacist.

5.

HOW TO STORE LISINOPRIL
This medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions.
Keep out of the reach and sight of children.
Do not use Lisinopril after the expiry date which is stated on the Blister and on the carton after
“Exp”. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist
how to dispose of medicines no longer required. These measures will help to protect the
environment.

6.

FURTHER INFORMATION
What Lisinopril contains

The active substance is lisinopril
One tablet contains 2.72 mg lisinopril dihydrate, equivalent to 2.5 mg lisinopril.
One tablet contains 5.44 mg lisinopril dihydrate, equivalent to 5 mg lisinopril.
One tablet contains 10.89 mg lisinopril dihydrate, equivalent to 10 mg lisinopril.
One tablet contains 21.78 mg lisinopril dihydrate, equivalent to 20 mg lisinopril.


The other ingredients are calcium hydrogen phosphate dihydrate, mannitol, maize starch,
croscarmellose sodium and magnesium stearate.
Additional Lisinopril 5mg, 10mg, 20 mg: Ferric oxide red

What Lisinopril looks like and contents of the pack
Lisinopril 2.5 mg is a round, convex and white tablet which is available in following packs: 14,
28, 30, 50 and 100 tablets.
Lisinopril 5 mg is a round, convex slightly red tablet with a score notch on one side which is
available in following packs: 10,14, 28, 30, 30x1, 50, 56, 60, 98 and 100 tablets.
Lisinopril 10 mg is a round, convex slightly red tablet with a score notch on one side which is
available in following packs: 10,14, 28, 30, 50, 98 and 100 tablets.
Lisinopril 20 mg is a round, convex, slightly red tablet with a score notch on one side which is
available in following packs: 10,14, 28, 30, 50, 56, 98, 100 and 100x1 tablets.
Please note that not all pack sizes will be marketed.

Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer
Marketing Authorisation Holder
Sandoz Limited
Frimley Business Park,
Frimley,
Camberley,
Surrey GU16 7SR.
Manufacturer
Lek Pharmaceuticals d.d
Verovskova 57
1526 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Salutas Pharma GmbH
Otto-von-Guericke-Allee 1
391179 Barleben, Germany

This leaflet was last approved in 07/2011.

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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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