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Celecoxib

Pronunciation

Generic Name: celecoxib (SEL-e-KOX-ib)
Brand Name: Celebrex

Celecoxib is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). It may cause an increased risk of serious and sometimes fatal heart and blood vessel problems (eg, heart attack, stroke). The risk may be greater if you already have heart problems or if you take celecoxib for a long time. Do not use celecoxib right before or after bypass heart surgery.

Celecoxib may cause an increased risk of serious and sometimes fatal stomach ulcers and bleeding. Elderly patients may be at greater risk. This may occur without warning signs.


Celecoxib is used for:

Treating rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, juvenile arthritis, menstrual pain, or pain. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Celecoxib is a COX-2 inhibitor NSAID. It works by blocking certain substances in the body that cause inflammation. NSAIDs treat the symptoms of pain and inflammation. They do not treat the disease that causes those symptoms.

Do NOT use celecoxib if:

  • you are allergic to any ingredient in celecoxib
  • you have had a severe allergic reaction (eg, severe rash, hives, trouble breathing, growths in the nose, dizziness) to aspirin, an NSAID (eg, ibuprofen), or a sulfonamide (eg, sulfamethoxazole)
  • you have recently had or will be having heart bypass surgery
  • you have severe liver or kidney problems
  • you are in the last 3 months of pregnancy
  • you are taking another nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) (eg, ibuprofen)

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

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Before using celecoxib:

Some medical conditions may interact with celecoxib. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

  • if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
  • if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
  • if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
  • if you have a history of kidney or liver disease, diabetes, or stomach or bowel problems (eg, bleeding, perforation, ulcers)
  • if you have a history of swelling or fluid buildup, asthma, growths in the nose (nasal polyps), or mouth inflammation
  • if you have a high fever, rash, high blood pressure, blood disorders, bleeding or clotting problems, heart problems (eg, heart disease, heart failure), or blood vessel disease, or you are at risk for any of these diseases
  • if you have poor health, dehydration or low fluid volume, or low blood sodium levels, you drink alcohol or smoke, or you have a history of alcohol abuse

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with celecoxib. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

  • Anticoagulants (eg, warfarin), aspirin, corticosteroids (eg, prednisone), heparin, or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) (eg, fluoxetine) because risk of stomach bleeding may be increased
  • Fluconazole, another nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) (eg, ibuprofen), or probenecid because they may increase the risk of celecoxib's side effects
  • Cyclosporine, lithium, methotrexate, or quinolones (eg, ciprofloxacin) because the risk of their side effects may be increased by celecoxib
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors (eg, enalapril), angiotensin II receptor blockers (eg, valsartan), or diuretics (eg, furosemide, hydrochlorothiazide) because their effectiveness may be decreased by celecoxib

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if celecoxib may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use celecoxib:

Use celecoxib as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

  • Celecoxib comes with an extra patient information sheet called a Medication Guide. Read it carefully. Read it again each time you get celecoxib refilled.
  • Take celecoxib by mouth. It may be taken with food if it upsets your stomach. Taking it with food may not lower the risk of stomach or bowel problems (eg, bleeding, ulcers). Talk with your doctor or pharmacist if you have persistent stomach upset.
  • Some doses of celecoxib should be taken with food. Ask your doctor if you have questions about how to take celecoxib.
  • Take celecoxib with a full glass of water (8 oz/240 mL) as directed by your doctor.
  • Do not lie down for 30 minutes after taking celecoxib.
  • If you miss a dose of celecoxib and you are taking it regularly, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use celecoxib.

Important safety information:

  • Celecoxib may cause dizziness or drowsiness. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use celecoxib with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.
  • Serious stomach ulcers or bleeding can occur with the use of celecoxib. Taking it in high doses or for a long time, smoking, or drinking alcohol increases the risk of these side effects. Taking celecoxib with food will NOT reduce the risk of these effects. Contact your doctor or emergency room at once if you have severe stomach or back pain; black, tarry stools; vomit that looks like blood or coffee grounds; or unusual weight gain or swelling.
  • Do NOT take more than the recommended dose or use for longer than prescribed without checking with your doctor
  • Celecoxib is an NSAID. Before you start any new medicine, check the label to see if it has an NSAID (eg, ibuprofen) in it too. If it does or if you are not sure, check with your doctor or pharmacist.
  • Do not take aspirin while you are using celecoxib unless your doctor tells you to.
  • FAP patients - Celecoxib has not been shown to reduce FAP-related cancers or the need for other procedures or surgeries. Continue your usual care while you use celecoxib.
  • Lab tests, including kidney and liver function, complete blood cell counts, blood clotting, and blood pressure, may be performed while you use celecoxib. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.
  • Use celecoxib with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially stomach bleeding and kidney problems.
  • Caution is advised when using celecoxib in CHILDREN who have juvenile rheumatoid arthritis; they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially blood clotting problems.
  • PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: Celecoxib may cause harm to the fetus. Do not use it during the last 3 months of pregnancy. If you think you may be pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using celecoxib while you are pregnant. Celecoxib is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use celecoxib, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.

Possible side effects of celecoxib:

All medicines can cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Constipation; diarrhea; dizziness; gas; headache; heartburn; nausea; sore throat; stomach upset; stuffy nose.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; trouble breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); bloody or black, tarry stools; change in the amount of urine produced; chest pain; confusion; dark urine; depression; fainting; fast or irregular heartbeat; fever, chills, or persistent sore throat; hearing loss; mental or mood changes; numbness of an arm or leg; one-sided weakness; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin; ringing in the ears; seizures; severe headache or dizziness; severe or persistent stomach pain or nausea; severe vomiting; shortness of breath; sudden or unexplained weight gain; swelling of hands, legs, or feet; unusual bruising or bleeding; unusual joint or muscle pain; unusual tiredness or weakness; vision or speech changes; vomit that looks like coffee grounds; yellowing of the skin or eyes.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include decreased urination; loss of consciousness; seizures; severe dizziness or drowsiness; severe nausea or stomach pain; slow or troubled breathing; unusual bleeding or bruising; vomit that looks like coffee grounds.

Proper storage of celecoxib:

Store celecoxib at 77 degrees F (25 degrees C). Brief storage at temperatures between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C) is permitted. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep celecoxib out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information:

  • If you have any questions about celecoxib, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
  • Celecoxib is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
  • If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
  • Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take celecoxib or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about celecoxib. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to celecoxib. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using celecoxib.

Issue Date: September 3, 2014
Database Edition 14.3.1.003
Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.

Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.

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