Generic Name: mesalamine (oral) (me SAL a meen)
Brand Name: Apriso, Asacol, Delzicol, Lialda, Pentasa
What is Asacol?
Asacol (mesalamine) affects a substance in the body that causes inflammation, tissue damage, and diarrhea.
Asacol is used to treat ulcerative colitis, proctitis, and proctosigmoiditis. Mesalamine is also used to prevent the symptoms of ulcerative colitis from recurring.
Asacol may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
Important information about Asacol
Stop using Asacol and call your doctor at once if you have severe stomach pain, cramping, fever, headache, and bloody diarrhea.
Before taking Asacol
You should not use Asacol if you are allergic to mesalamine or to aspirin or other salicylates (such as Nuprin Backache Caplet, Kaopectate, KneeRelief, Pamprin Cramp Formula, Pepto-Bismol, Tricosal, Trilisate, and others).
To make sure Asacol is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have:
a stomach condition called pyloric stenosis;
a history of allergy to sulfasalazine (Azulfidine);
kidney disease; or
FDA pregnancy category C. It is not known whether Asacol will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while using this medication.
See also: Asacol pregnancy and breastfeeding warnings (in more detail)
Mesalamine can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby while using Asacol.
How should I take Asacol?
Take Asacol exactly as it was prescribed for you. Follow all directions on your prescription label. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.
Take Asacol with a full glass of water.
Asacol can be taken with or without food. Follow your doctor's instructions.
Do not crush, break, or chew a Asacol tablet. Swallow the tablet whole.
The delayed-release tablet is specially formulated to release the medicine after it has passed through your stomach into your intestines. Breaking the pill may cause the drug to be released too early in the digestive tract.
Call your doctor if you find undissolved tablets in your stool.
This medication can cause unusual results with certain medical tests. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are taking Asacol.
Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
See also: Asacol dosage (in more detail)
What happens if I miss a dose?
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.
What should I avoid while taking Asacol?
Follow your doctor's instructions about any restrictions on food, beverages, or activity.
Asacol side effects
Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction to Asacol: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Stop using Asacol and call your doctor at once if you have:
severe stomach pain, cramping, bloody diarrhea;
fever, headache, skin rash;
chest pain, shortness of breath;
nausea, upper stomach pain, itching, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes);
little or no urinating;
swelling, rapid weight gain; or
bloody or tarry stools, coughing up blood or vomit that looks like coffee grounds.
Common Asacol side effects may include:
mild stomach discomfort, gas;
flu symptoms, runny nose;
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
See also: Asacol side effects (in more detail)
What other drugs will affect Asacol?
Tell your doctor about all medicines you use, and those you start or stop using during your treatment with Asacol, especially:
azathioprine or mercaptopurine;
an antibiotic--capreomycin, rifampin, vancomycin;
antiviral medicines--acyclovir, adefovir, cidofovir, foscarnet;
cancer medicine--aldesleukin, carmustine, cisplatin, ifosfamide, oxaliplatin, streptozocin, tretinoin; or
NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs)--aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), naproxen (Aleve), celecoxib, diclofenac, indomethacin, meloxicam, and others.
This list is not complete and other drugs may interact with Asacol. Tell your doctor about all medications you use. This includes prescription, over-the-counter, vitamin, and herbal products. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.
More Asacol resources
- Asacol Advanced Consumer (Micromedex) - Includes Dosage Information
- Asacol delayed-release tablets MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer)
- Asacol Prescribing Information (FDA)
- Mesalamine Prescribing Information (FDA)
- mesalamine controlled-release capsules MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer)
- Mesalamine Monograph (AHFS DI)
- Apriso extended-release capsules MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer)
- Apriso Prescribing Information (FDA)
- Asacol HD delayed-release tablets MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer)
- Asacol HD Prescribing Information (FDA)
- Canasa suppositories MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer)
- Canasa Oral, Rectal Advanced Consumer (Micromedex) - Includes Dosage Information
- Canasa Prescribing Information (FDA)
- Delzicol delayed-release capsules MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer)
- Delzicol Prescribing Information (FDA)
- Lialda Prescribing Information (FDA)
- Pentasa Prescribing Information (FDA)
- Rowasa Prescribing Information (FDA)
- Rowasa enema MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer)
- Rowasa Advanced Consumer (Micromedex) - Includes Dosage Information
- sfRowasa Prescribing Information (FDA)
Compare Asacol with other medications
Where can I get more information?
- Your pharmacist can provide more information about Asacol.
- Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use Asacol only for the indication prescribed.
- Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.
Copyright 1996-2013 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 9.03. Revision Date: 2013-08-14. 11:56:41 AM.