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Ferriprox Oral Solution

Generic Name: deferiprone
Dosage Form: oral solution

WARNING: AGRANULOCYTOSIS/NEUTROPENIA

FERRIPROX can cause agranulocytosis that can lead to serious infections and death. Neutropenia may precede the development of agranulocytosis. [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]

Measure the absolute neutrophil count (ANC) before starting FERRIPROX therapy and monitor the ANC weekly on therapy. Interrupt FERRIPROX therapy if neutropenia develops. [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]

Interrupt FERRIPROX if infection develops, and monitor the ANC more frequently. [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]

Advise patients taking FERRIPROX to report immediately any symptoms indicative of infection. [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]

1       INDICATIONS AND USAGE

FERRIPROX® (deferiprone) is indicated for the treatment of patients with transfusional iron overload due to thalassemia syndromes when current chelation therapy is inadequate.

Approval is based on a reduction in serum ferritin levels. There are no controlled trials demonstrating a direct treatment benefit, such as improvement in disease-related symptoms, functioning, or increased survival [see Clinical Studies (14)].

Limitation of Use:

  • Safety and effectiveness have not been established for the treatment of transfusional iron overload in patients with other chronic anemias.

2       DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

2.1       Dosing

Starting Dose

The recommended initial dose of FERRIPROX is 25 mg/kg, orally, three times per day for a total of 75 mg/kg/day.

Table 1a: Volume of oral solution (rounded to the nearest 2.5 mL) required to achieve a 25 mg/kg dose for administration three times a day.
Body Weight
(kg)
Dose (mg) mL of oral solution
20 500 5
30 750 7.5
40 1,000 10
50 1,250 12.5
60 1,500 15
70 1,750 17.5
80 2,000 20
90 2,250 22.5

Dose Adjustments

Dose adjustments should be tailored to the individual patient’s response and therapeutic goals (maintenance or reduction of body iron burden). The maximum dose is 33 mg/kg, three times per day for a total of 99 mg/kg/day. The dose should be rounded by the prescriber to the nearest 2.5 mL.

Table 1b: Volume of oral solution (rounded to the nearest 2.5 mL) required to achieve a 33 mg/kg dose for administration three times a day.
Body Weight
(kg)
Dose (mg) mL of oral solution
20 660 7.5
30 990 10
40 1,320 12.5
50 1,650 17.5
60 1,980 20
70 2,310 22.5
80 2,640 27.5
90 2,970 30

Monitor serum ferritin concentration every two to three months to assess the effects of FERRIPROX on body iron stores. If the serum ferritin is consistently below 500 mcg/L, consider temporarily interrupting FERRIPROX therapy until serum ferritin rises above 500 mcg/L.

After first opening of the bottle, use within 35 days. Store the bottle in the original carton to protect from light. Store FERRIPROX only in the original container. After 35 days, discard the contents of the bottle. Store at 20º to 25ºC (68º to 77ºF); excursions permitted to 15º to 30ºC (59º to 86ºF) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].

2.2       Interactions with Foods, Vitamins and Drugs

Allow at least a 4-hour interval between FERRIPROX and other medications or supplements containing polyvalent cations such as iron, aluminum, and zinc. Avoid concomitant use of UGT1A6 inhibitors (e.g. diclofenac, probenecid, or silymarin (milk thistle)) with FERRIPROX [see Drug Interactions (7.2 and 7.3), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

3       DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

Oral Solution: 100 mg/mL (50 g/500 mL)

4       CONTRAINDICATIONS

FERRIPROX is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to deferiprone or to any of the excipients in the formulation. The following reactions have been reported in association with the administration of deferiprone: Henoch-Schönlein purpura; urticaria; and periorbital edema with skin rash [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)].

5       WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1       Agranulocytosis/Neutropenia

Fatal agranulocytosis can occur with FERRIPROX use. FERRIPROX can also cause neutropenia, which may foreshadow agranulocytosis. Measure the absolute neutrophil count (ANC) before starting FERRIPROX therapy and monitor the ANC weekly on therapy.

Interrupt FERRIPROX therapy if neutropenia develops (ANC < 1.5 x 109/L).

Interrupt FERRIPROX if infection develops, and monitor the ANC frequently.

Advise patients taking FERRIPROX to immediately interrupt therapy and report to their physician if they experience any symptoms indicative of infection.

In pooled clinical trials, the incidence of agranulocytosis was 1.7% of patients. The mechanism of FERRIPROX-associated agranulocytosis is unknown. Agranulocytosis and neutropenia usually resolve upon discontinuation of FERRIPROX, but there have been reports of agranulocytosis leading to death.

Implement a plan to monitor for and to manage agranulocytosis/neutropenia prior to initiating FERRIPROX treatment.

For neutropenia (ANC < 1.5 x 109/L and > 0.5 x 109/L):

Instruct the patient to immediately discontinue FERRIPROX and all other medications with a potential to cause neutropenia.

Obtain a complete blood cell (CBC) count, including a white blood cell (WBC) count corrected for the presence of nucleated red blood cells, an absolute neutrophil count (ANC), and a platelet count daily until recovery (ANC ≥ 1.5 x 109/L).

For agranulocytosis (ANC < 0.5 x 109/L):

Consider hospitalization and other management as clinically appropriate.

Do not resume FERRIPROX in patients who have developed agranulocytosis unless potential benefits outweigh potential risks. Do not rechallenge patients who develop neutropenia with FERRIPROX unless potential benefits outweigh potential risks.

5.2       Embryofetal Toxicity

Based on evidence of genotoxicity and developmental toxicity in animal studies, FERRIPROX can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. In animal studies, administration of deferiprone during the period of organogenesis resulted in embryofetal death and malformations at doses lower than equivalent human clinical doses. If FERRIPROX is used during pregnancy or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking FERRIPROX, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to the fetus. Women of reproductive potential should be advised to avoid pregnancy when taking FERRIPROX [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1) and Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)].

5.3       Liver Enzyme Elevations

In clinical studies, 7.5% of 642 subjects treated with FERRIPROX developed increased ALT values. Four (0.62%) FERRIPROX-treated subjects discontinued the drug due to increased serum ALT levels and 1 (0.16%) due to an increase in both ALT and AST.

Monitor serum ALT values monthly during therapy with FERRIPROX, and consider interruption of therapy if there is a persistent increase in the serum transaminase levels.

5.4       Zinc Deficiency

Decreased plasma zinc concentrations have been observed on FERRIPROX therapy. Monitor plasma zinc, and supplement in the event of a deficiency.

6       ADVERSE REACTIONS

6.1       Clinical Trial Experience

The following adverse reactions are described below and elsewhere in the labeling:

  • Agranulocytosis/Neutropenia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]
  • Liver Enzyme Elevations [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]
  • Zinc Deficiency [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)]

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

Adverse reaction information for FERRIPROX represents the pooled data collected from 642 patients who participated in single arm or active-controlled clinical trials.

The most serious adverse reaction reported in clinical trials with FERRIPROX was agranulocytosis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

The most common adverse reactions reported during clinical trials were chromaturia, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, alanine aminotransferase increased, arthralgia and neutropenia.

The table below lists the adverse drug reactions that occurred in at least 1% of patients treated with FERRIPROX in clinical trials.

Table 2:       Adverse drug reactions occurring in ≥ 1% of FERRIPROX-treated patients
Body System (N=642)
     Preferred Term % Subjects
BLOOD AND LYMPHATIC SYSTEM
DISORDERS
          Neutropenia 6
          Agranulocytosis 2
GASTROINTESTINAL DISORDERS
          Nausea 13
          Abdominal pain/discomfort 10
          Vomiting 10
          Diarrhea 3
          Dyspepsia 2
INVESTIGATIONS
          Alanine Aminotransferase increased 7
          Neutrophil count decreased 7
          Weight increased 2
          Aspartate Aminotransferase increased 1
METABOLISM AND NUTRITION
|
DISORDERS
          Increased appetite 4
          Decreased appetite 1
MUSCULOSKELETAL AND
CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISORDERS
          Arthralgia 10
          Back pain 2
          Pain in extremity 2
          Arthropathy 1
NERVOUS SYSTEM DISORDERS
          Headache 2
URINARY DISORDERS
          Chromaturia 15

Gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain were the most frequent adverse reactions reported by patients participating in clinical trials and led to the discontinuation of FERRIPROX therapy in 1.6% of patients.

Chromaturia (reddish/brown discoloration of the urine) is a result of the excretion of the iron in the urine.

6.2       Postmarketing Experience

The following additional adverse reactions have been reported in patients receiving FERRIPROX. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or to establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

Blood and lymphatic system disorders: thrombocytosis, pancytopenia.

Cardiac disorders: atrial fibrillation, cardiac failure.

Congenital, familial and genetic disorders: hypospadias.

Eye disorders: diplopia, papilledema, retinal toxicity.

Gastrointestinal disorders: enterocolitis, rectal hemorrhage, gastric ulcer, pancreatitis, parotid gland enlargement.

General disorders and administration site conditions: chills, pyrexia, edema peripheral, multi-organ failure.

Hepatobiliary disorders: jaundice, hepatomegaly.

Immune system disorders: anaphylactic shock, hypersensitivity.

Infections and infestations: cryptococcal cutaneous infection, enteroviral encephalitis, pharyngitis, pneumonia, sepsis, furuncle, infectious hepatitis, rash pustular, subcutaneous abscess.

Investigations: blood bilirubin increased, blood creatinine phosphokinase increased.

Metabolism and nutrition disorders: metabolic acidosis, dehydration.

Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders: myositis, chondropathy, trismus.

Nervous system disorders: cerebellar syndrome, cerebral hemorrhage, convulsion, gait disturbance, intracranial pressure increased, psychomotor skills impaired, pyramidal tract syndrome, somnolence.

Psychiatric disorders: bruxism, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Renal disorders: glycosuria, hemoglobinuria.

Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders: acute respiratory distress syndrome, epistaxis, hemoptysis, pulmonary embolism.

Skin, subcutaneous tissue disorders: hyperhidrosis, periorbital edema, photosensitivity reaction, pruritis, urticaria, rash, Henoch-Schönlein purpura.

Vascular disorders: hypotension, hypertension.

7       DRUG INTERACTIONS

7.1       Drugs Associated with Neutropenia or Agranulocytosis

Avoid concomitant use of FERRIPROX with other drugs known to be associated with neutropenia or agranulocytosis; however, if this is not possible, monitor the absolute neutrophil count more frequently [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

7.2       UDP-Glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs)

A clinical study to evaluate the effect of coadministration of UGT1A6 inhibitors with FERRIPROX on the systemic exposure of deferiprone has not been conducted. However, in the presence of the UDP glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 1A6 inhibitor, phenylbutazone, the in vitro glucuronidation of deferiprone is reduced by 78%. Therefore, avoid concomitant use of UGT1A6 inhibitors (e.g. diclofenac, probenecid, or silymarin (milk thistle)) with FERRIPROX [see Dosage and Administration (2.2), Adverse Reactions (6.1), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

7.3       Polyvalent Cations

Concurrent use of FERRIPROX with foods, mineral supplements, and antacids that contain polyvalent cations has not been studied. However, since deferiprone has the potential to bind polyvalent cations (e.g., iron, aluminum, and zinc), allow at least a 4-hour interval between FERRIPROX and other medications (e.g., antacids), or supplements containing these polyvalent cations [see Dosage and Administration (2.2)].

8       USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

8.1       Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category D [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2), Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)]

Risk Summary

Based on evidence of genotoxicity and developmental toxicity in animal studies, FERRIPROX can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. In animal studies, administration of deferiprone during the period of organogenesis resulted in embryofetal death and malformations at doses lower than equivalent human clinical doses. There are no studies in pregnant women, and available human data are limited. If FERRIPROX is used during pregnancy or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking FERRIPROX, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to the fetus.

Animal Data

Skeletal and soft tissue malformations occurred in offspring of rats and rabbits that received deferiprone orally during organogenesis at the lowest doses tested (25 mg/kg per day in rats; 10 mg/kg per day in rabbits). These doses were equivalent to 3% to 4% of the maximum recommended human dose (MRHD) based on body surface area. No maternal toxicity was evident at these doses.

Embryofetal lethality and maternal toxicity occurred in pregnant rabbits given 100 mg/kg/day deferiprone orally during the period of organogenesis. This dose is equivalent to 32% of the MRHD based on body surface area.

8.3       Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether deferiprone is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk and because of the potential for adverse reactions in nursing infants from FERRIPROX, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.

8.4       Pediatric Use

The safety and effectiveness of FERRIPROX in pediatric patients have not been established.

8.5       Geriatric Use

Safety and effectiveness in elderly individuals have not been established. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy.

8.6       Renal Impairment

An open-label, non-randomized, parallel group clinical study was conducted to evaluate the effect of impaired renal function on the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of a single 33 mg/kg oral dose of FERRIPROX. Subjects were categorized into 4 groups based on estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR): healthy volunteers (eGFR ≥ 90 mL/min/1.73 m2), mild renal impairment (eGFR 60 - 89 mL/min/1.73 m2), moderate renal impairment (eGFR 30 - 59 mL/min/1.73 m2), and severe renal impairment (eGFR 15 - 29 mL/min/1.73 m2). Renal function does not influence the pharmacokinetics of deferiprone and deferiprone 3-O-glucuronide.

8.7       Hepatic Impairment

An open-label, non-randomized, parallel group clinical study was conducted to evaluate the effect of impaired hepatic function on the pharmacokinetics of a single 33 mg/kg oral dose of FERRIPROX. Subjects were categorized into 3 groups based on the Child-Pugh classification score: healthy volunteers, mild hepatic impairment (Class A: 5– 6 points), and moderate hepatic impairment (Class B: 7– 9 points). Mild and moderate hepatic impairment do not influence the pharmacokinetics of deferiprone and deferiprone 3-O-glucuronide. One subject with moderate hepatic impairment experienced a serious adverse event of acute liver and renal injury. The pharmacokinetics of deferiprone and deferiprone 3-O-glucuronide have not been evaluated in patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child Pugh Class C; 10-15 points).

10       OVERDOSAGE

No cases of acute overdose have been reported. There is no specific antidote to FERRIPROX overdose.

Neurological disorders such as cerebellar symptoms, diplopia, lateral nystagmus, psychomotor slowdown, hand movements and axial hypotonia have been observed in children treated with 2.5 to 3 times the recommended dose for more than one year. The neurological disorders progressively regressed after deferiprone discontinuation.

11       DESCRIPTION

FERRIPROX (deferiprone) oral solution contains 100 mg/mL deferiprone (3-hydroxy-1,2-dimethylpyridin-4-one), a synthetic, orally active, iron-chelating agent. The molecular formula for deferiprone is C7H9NO2 and its molecular weight is 139.15 g/mol. Deferiprone has the following structural formula:

Deferiprone is a white to pinkish-white crystalline powder. It is sparingly soluble in deionized water and has a melting point range of 272°C - 278°C.

FERRIPROX oral solution is a clear, reddish orange colored solution. Each mL of oral solution contains 100 mg deferiprone and the following inactive ingredients: purified water, hydroxyethylcellulose, glycerin, hydrochloric acid, artificial cherry flavor, peppermint oil, FD&C Yellow No. 6 and sucralose.

12       CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

12.1       Mechanism of Action

Deferiprone is a chelating agent with an affinity for ferric ion (iron III). Deferiprone binds with ferric ions to form neutral 3:1 (deferiprone:iron) complexes that are stable over a wide range of pH values. Deferiprone has a lower binding affinity for other metals such as copper, aluminum and zinc than for iron.

12.2       Pharmacodynamics

No clinical studies were performed to assess the relationship between the dose of FERRIPROX and the amount of iron eliminated from the body.

Cardiac Electrophysiology

At a dose 1.5 times the maximum recommended dose, FERRIPROX does not prolong the QT interval to any clinically relevant extent.

12.3       Pharmacokinetics

Deferiprone is rapidly absorbed from the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract, appearing in the blood within 5 to 10 minutes of oral administration. Peak serum concentrations occur approximately 1 hour after a single dose in fasted healthy subjects and patients, and up to 2 hours after a single dose in the fed state. Administration with food decreased the maximum concentration (Cmax) of deferiprone by 38% and the area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) by 10%. The magnitude of the exposure change does not warrant dose adjustment.

In healthy subjects, the mean Cmax of deferiprone in serum was about 20 mcg/mL, and the mean AUC was about 50 mcg∙h/mL following oral administration of a 1,500 mg dose of FERRIPROX tablets or oral solution in the fasting state. Dose proportionality over the labeled dosage range of 25 to 33 mg/kg three times per day (75 to 99 mg/kg per day) has not been studied.

The elimination half-life of deferiprone is approximately 2 hours. Following oral administration, 75% to 90% of the administered dose is recovered in the urine in the first 24 hours, primarily as metabolite. In humans, the majority of the deferiprone is metabolized, primarily by UGT1A6. The contribution of extrahepatic (e.g., renal) UGT1A6 is unknown. The major metabolite of deferiprone is the 3-O-glucuronide, which lacks iron binding capability.

In a bioequivalence study, the rate (Cmax) and the extent (AUC) of drug absorption of the solution and tablet formulations were shown to be equivalent.

Specific Populations

The pharmacokinetics of deferiprone has not been studied in geriatric or pediatric populations, and the influence of race, gender, or obesity has not been established.

Drug Interactions

Deferiprone is primarily eliminated via metabolism to the 3-O-glucuronide. In vitro UGT1A6 is primarily responsible for the glucuronidation of deferiprone which can be reduced up to 78% in the presence of the UGT1A6 inhibitor phenylbutazone.

13       NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

13.1       Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Carcinogenicity studies have not been conducted with deferiprone. However, in view of the genotoxicity results, and the findings of mammary gland hyperplasia and mammary gland tumors in rats treated with deferiprone in the 52-week toxicology study, tumor formation in carcinogenicity studies must be regarded as likely.

Deferiprone was positive in a mouse lymphoma cell assay in vitro. Deferiprone was clastogenic in an in vitro chromosomal aberration test in mice and in a chromosomal aberration test in Chinese Hamster Ovary cells. Deferiprone given orally or intraperitoneally was clastogenic in a bone marrow micronucleus assay in non-iron-loaded mice. A micronucleus test was also positive when mice predosed with iron dextran were treated with deferiprone. Deferiprone was not mutagenic in the Ames bacterial reverse mutation test.

A fertility and early embryonic development study of deferiprone was conducted in rats. Sperm counts, motility and morphology were unaffected by treatment with deferiprone. There were no effects observed on male or female fertility or reproductive function at the highest dose which was 25% of the MRHD based on body surface area.

14       CLINICAL STUDIES

In a prospective, planned, pooled analysis of patients from several studies, the efficacy of FERRIPROX was assessed in transfusion-dependent iron overload patients in whom previous iron chelation therapy had failed or was considered inadequate due to poor tolerance. The main criterion for chelation failure was serum ferritin > 2,500 mcg/L before treatment with FERRIPROX. FERRIPROX therapy (35-99 mg/kg/day) was considered successful in individual patients who experienced a ≥ 20% decline in serum ferritin within one year of starting therapy.

Data from a total of 236 patients were analyzed. Of the 224 patients with thalassemia who received deferiprone monotherapy and were eligible for serum ferritin analysis, 105 (47%) were male and 119 (53%) were female. The mean age of these patients was 18.2 years.

For the patients in the analysis, the endpoint of at least a 20% reduction in serum ferritin was met in 50% (of 236 subjects), with a 95% confidence interval of 43% to 57%.

A small number of patients with thalassemia and iron overload were assessed by measuring the change in the number of milliseconds (ms) in the cardiac MRI T2* value before and after treatment with deferiprone for one year. There was an increase in cardiac MRI T2* from a mean at baseline of 11.8 ± 4.9 ms to a mean of 15.1 ± 7.0 ms after approximately one year of treatment. The clinical significance of this observation is not known.

16       HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

FERRIPROX® (deferiprone) oral solution is provided in amber polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles with child resistant closures (polypropylene). Each pack contains one bottle of 500 mL oral solution and a graduated measuring cup (polypropylene).

Oral solution, 100 mg/mL (50 g/500 mL), NDC 52609-4502-7

Store at 20º to 25ºC (68º to 77ºF); excursions permitted to 15º to 30ºC (59º to 86ºF) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].

Store in the original package in order to protect from light.

17       PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

See FDA-Approved Patient Labeling (Medication Guide, Instructions for Use)

  • Instruct patients and their caregivers that FERRIPROX is light sensitive and to store FERRIPROX in the originally supplied bottle and carton. Store FERRIPROX at 20º to 25ºC (68º to 77ºF); excursions permitted to 15º to 30ºC (59º to 86ºF) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Instruct patients and their caregivers to store FERRIPROX out of the sight and reach of children.
  • Inform patients of the risks of developing agranulocytosis and instruct them to immediately interrupt therapy and report to their physician if they experience any symptoms of infection such as fever, sore throat or flu-like symptoms.
  • Advise patients that the amount of FERRIPROX prescribed is based on body weight and on the therapeutic goal (reduction or stabilization of the body iron load). Advise patients to use the measuring cup provided with FERRIPROX to measure the volume prescribed. Instruct patients to add about 10-15 mL of water to the measuring cup and swirl it around to mix the water with any remaining medicine in the cup and drink the mixture. The measuring cup should be hand-washed with water after use.
  • Advise patients to take the first dose of FERRIPROX in the morning, the second dose at midday, and the third dose in the evening. Clinical experience suggests that taking FERRIPROX with meals may reduce nausea. If a dose of this medicine has been missed, take as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to the regular dosing schedule. Do not catch-up or double doses.
  • Advise patients to contact their physician in the event of overdose.
  • Inform patients that their urine might show a reddish/brown discoloration due to the excretion of the iron-deferiprone complex. This is a very common sign of the desired effect of FERRIPROX, and it is not harmful.
  • Counsel women of reproductive potential to avoid pregnancy while taking FERRIPROX. Advise patients to immediately notify their physician if they become pregnant, or if they plan to become pregnant during therapy.
  • Inform patients that they should not breast feed while taking FERRIPROX.

Distributed by ApoPharma USA, Inc., Rockville, MD, United States of America, 20850. Manufactured by Apotex Inc., Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M9L 1T9.

Medication Guide
FERRIPROX® (Feh’ ri prox)
(deferiprone)
oral solution
What is the most important information I should know about FERRIPROX?
FERRIPROX can cause serious side effects, including a very low white blood cell count in your blood. One type of white blood cell that is important for fighting infections is called a neutrophil. If your neutrophil count is low (neutropenia), you may be at risk of developing a serious infection that can lead to death. Neutropenia is common with FERRIPROX and can become severe in some people. Severe neutropenia is known as agranulocytosis. If you develop agranulocytosis, you will be at risk of developing serious infections that can lead to death.
Your healthcare provider should do a blood test before you start FERRIPROX and weekly during treatment to check your neutrophil count. If you develop neutropenia, your healthcare provider should check your blood counts every day until your white blood cell count improves.
Stop taking FERRIPROX and get medical help right away if you develop any of these symptoms of infection:
  • fever
  • sore throat or mouth sores
  • flu-like symptoms
  • chills and severe shaking.
See “What are the possible side effects of FERRIPROX?” for more information about side effects.
What is FERRIPROX?
FERRIPROX is a prescription medicine used to treat people with thalassemia syndromes who have iron overload from blood transfusions, when current iron removal (chelation) therapy does not work well enough.
It is not known if FERRIPROX is safe and effective:
  • to treat iron overload due to blood transfusions in people with any other type of anemia that is long lasting (chronic)
  • in children
Who should not take FERRIPROX?
Do not take FERRIPROX if you are allergic to deferiprone or any of the ingredients in FERRIPROX. See the end of this Medication Guide for a complete list of ingredients in FERRIPROX.
Before you take FERRIPROX, tell your healthcare provider if you:
  • have liver problems
  • have any other medical conditions
  • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. FERRIPROX can harm your unborn baby. You should avoid becoming pregnant while taking FERRIPROX. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you become pregnant or plan to become pregnant while taking FERRIPROX.
  • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if FERRIPROX passes into your breast milk. You and your healthcare provider should decide if you will take FERRIPROX or breastfeed. You should not do both.
Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins and herbal supplements.
Especially tell your healthcare provider if you take:
  • other medicines that can cause a lowering of your neutrophil count
  • antacids or mineral supplements that contain: iron, aluminum, and zinc. Allow at least 4 hours between taking FERRIPROX and any of these products.
How should I take FERRIPROX?
  • Read the Instructions for Use for detailed instructions.
  • Take FERRIPROX exactly as your healthcare provider tells you. Do not change your dose of FERRIPROX unless your healthcare provider tells you to.
  • Your healthcare provider will tell you how much FERRIPROX to take.
  • Use the measuring cup to measure the amount of FERRIPROX your healthcare provider tells you to take. Note that a teaspoonful (TSP) equals 5 milliliters (mL).
  • Take FERRIPROX 3 times each day. Take your first dose in the morning, the second dose at mid-day, and the third dose in the evening.
  • You can take FERRIPROX with or without food.
  • Taking FERRIPROX with meals may help reduce nausea.
  • If you must take a medicine to treat indigestion (antacid), or mineral supplements that contain iron, aluminum, or zinc during treatment with FERRIPROX, allow at least 4 hours between taking FERRIPROX and these products.
  • If you take too much FERRIPROX, call your healthcare provider.
  • If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and then continue with your regular schedule. Do not try to catch-up or take 2 doses at the same time to make up for a missed dose.
What are the possible side effects of FERRIPROX?
FERRIPROX can cause serious side effects, including:
  • See “What is the most important information I should know about FERRIPROX?”
  • Increased liver enzyme levels in your blood. Your healthcare provider should do monthly blood test to check your liver function during treatment with FERRIPROX.
The most common side effects of FERRIPROX include:
These are not all the possible side effects of FERRIPROX. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
How should I store FERRIPROX?
  • Store FERRIPROX at room temperature between 20 to 25C (68 to 77F).
  • Store in the original bottle and carton to protect from light.
  • After first opening, use a bottle of Ferriprox Oral Solution within 35 days. After 35 days, throw away the bottle and any unused medicine that is still in the bottle.
Keep FERRIPROX and all medicines out of the reach of children.
General information about the safe and effective use of FERRIPROX.
Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Medication Guide. Do not use FERRIPROX for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give FERRIPROX to other people, even if they have the same symptoms that you have. It may harm them.
You can ask your pharmacist or healthcare provider for information about FERRIPROX that is written for health professionals.
What are the ingredients in FERRIPROX?
Active ingredients: deferiprone
Inactive ingredients: purified water, hydroxyethylcellulose, glycerin, hydrochloric acid, artificial cherry flavor, peppermint oil, FD&C Yellow No. 6, and sucralose.
Distributed by:
ApoPharma USA, Inc., Rockville, MD, United States of America, 20850.
Manufactured by:
Apotex Inc., Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M9L 1T9.
For more information, call 1-866-949-0995.

Instructions for Use
FERRIPROX® (Feh’ ri prox)
(deferiprone)
oral solution

Read this Instructions for Use before taking Ferriprox Oral Solution and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This information does not take the place of talking to your healthcare provider about your medical condition or your treatment. Your healthcare provider will tell you how much Ferriprox Oral Solution to take.

IMPORTANT:

  • Store Ferriprox Oral Solution at room temperature between 20 to 25C (68 to 77F).
  • Store in the original bottle and carton to protect from light.
  • After first opening, use a bottle of Ferriprox Oral Solution within 35 days. After 35 days, throw away the bottle and any unused medicine that is still in the bottle.

Keep Ferriprox Oral Solution and all medicines out of the reach of children.

Supplies needed to prepare and take a dose of Ferriprox Oral Solution (See Figure A):

  • 1 bottle of Ferriprox Oral Solution
  • 1 measuring cup (supplied with each bottle of Ferriprox Oral Solution)

If you do not receive a measuring cup with your FERRIPROX oral solution, ask your pharmacist. Only use the measuring cup that comes with Ferriprox Oral Solution to make sure that you measure the right amount of medicine.

Step 1: To open the bottle of Ferriprox Oral Solution, remove the outer plastic wrapper from the child-resistant cap. Push down on the child-resistant cap and turn the cap in the direction of the arrow (See Figure B).

Step 2: Pour the amount of Ferriprox Oral Solution that your healthcare provider tells you to take into the measuring cup provided (See Figure C).

1 teaspoonful (TSP) = 5 milliliters (mL)

Step 3: Put the child-resistant cap back on the Ferriprox Oral Solution bottle and turn it in the direction of the arrow. (See Figure D)

Step 4: Swallow the measured amount of Ferriprox Oral Solution (See Figure E).

Step 5: Add about 10-15 mL of water to the measuring cup (See Figure F). Gently swirl the measuring cup to mix the water and any Ferriprox Oral Solution left in the cup (See Figure G). Drink all the mixture in the measuring cup (See Figure H).

Step 6: Hand-wash the measuring cup with water.

Step 7: Keep the measuring cup with the bottle of Ferriprox Oral Solution.

This Instructions for Use has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

Distributed by:

ApoPharma USA, Inc., Rockville, MD, United States of America, 20850

Manufactured by:

Apotex Inc., Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M9L 1T9.

Issued 09/2015.

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

NDC 52609-4502-7
Ferripox® (Deferiprone) Oral Solution
100 mg/mL

FERRIPROX 
deferiprone solution
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:52609-4502
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
DEFERIPRONE (DEFERIPRONE) DEFERIPRONE 100 mg  in 1 mL
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
WATER  
GLYCERIN  
HYDROCHLORIC ACID  
PEPPERMINT OIL  
FD&C YELLOW NO. 6  
SUCRALOSE  
Product Characteristics
Color RED (clear, reddish orange) Score     
Shape Size
Flavor Imprint Code
Contains         
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:52609-4502-7 500 mL in 1 BOTTLE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA208030 10/15/2015
Labeler - Apo-Pharma USA, Inc. (962810821)
Revised: 09/2015
 
Apo-Pharma USA, Inc.



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