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Dextromethorphan Pregnancy and Breastfeeding Warnings

Dextromethorphan is also known as: Babee Cof, Balminil DM, Benylin DM, Bisolvon Dry, Calmylin, Cough Syrup DM, Covonia Bronchial Balsam, Delsym, Delsym 12 Hour Cough Relief, Delsym 12 Hour Cough Relief for Children & Adults, DexAlone, Dry Cough, Hold DM, Neocitran Thin Strips Cough, Novahistine DM, Pertussin DM, Robafen Cough Liquidgels, Robitussin Cough Long-Acting, Robitussin CoughGels Long-Acting, Silphen DM, Strepsils Cough, Sucrets Cough, Vicks Dayquil Cough, Vicks Formula 44, Vicks Formula 44 Custom Care Dry Cough Suppressant

Dextromethorphan Pregnancy Warnings

Dextromethorphan has been assigned to pregnancy category C by the FDA. Animal studies have revealed evidence of teratogenicity. There are no controlled data in human pregnancy. Dextromethorphan is only recommended for use during pregnancy when benefit outweighs risk.

See references

Dextromethorphan Breastfeeding Warnings

There are no data on the excretion of dextromethorphan into human milk.

Based on the low molecular weight of dextromethorphan some passage into breast milk probably occurs. However, maternal use of dextromethorphan products that do not contain alcohol are probably safe to use during breast-feeding.

See references

References for pregnancy information

  1. Debus O, Kurlemann G, Gehrmann J, Krasemann T "Dextromethorphan in pregnancy." Chest 120 (2001): 1038-40
  2. Andaloro VJ, Monaghan DT, Rosenquist TH "Dextromethorphan and other N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonists are teratogenic in the avian embryo model." Pediatr Res 43 (1998): 1-7
  3. Einarson A, Lyszkiewicz D, Koren G "The safety of dextromethorphan in pregnancy - Results of a controlled study." Chest 119 (2001): 466-9
  4. "Product Information. Benylin DM (dextromethorphan)." Warner Lambert Laboratories, Morris Plains, NJ.
  5. Briggs GG, Freeman RK, Yaffe SJ.. "Drugs in Pregnancy and Lactation. 5th ed." Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins (1998):

References for breastfeeding information

  1. Briggs GG, Freeman RK, Yaffe SJ.. "Drugs in Pregnancy and Lactation. 5th ed." Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins (1998):
  2. "Product Information. Benylin DM (dextromethorphan)." Warner Lambert Laboratories, Morris Plains, NJ.

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