Generic name: diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis vaccine (DTaP) (dif THEER ee uh, TET a nus, ay SEL yoo ler per TUS iss)
Brand name: Daptacel (DTaP), Infanrix (DTaP), Infanrix (DTaP) Preservative Free
What is Daptacel (DTaP)?
Diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis are serious diseases caused by bacteria.
Diphtheria can lead to breathing problems, paralysis, heart failure, or death.
Tetanus (lockjaw) causes painful tightening of the muscles that can lead to "locking" of the jaw so the victim cannot open the mouth, swallow, or breathe. Tetanus can lead to death.
Diphtheria and pertussis are spread from person to person. Tetanus enters the body through a cut or wound.
The diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis pediatric vaccine (also called DTaP) is used to help prevent these diseases in children. This vaccine helps your body develop immunity to the disease, but will not treat an active infection you already have.
DTap vaccine is for use in children between the ages of 6 weeks and 6 years old (before the child has reached his or her 7th birthday).
Like any vaccine, the DTaP vaccine may not provide protection from disease in every person.
Becoming infected with diphtheria, pertussis, or tetanus is much more dangerous to your child's health than receiving this vaccine.
Before taking this medicine
Your child may not be able to receive this vaccine if he or she has ever received a similar vaccine that caused any of the following:
a life-threatening allergic reaction to any vaccine that contains diphtheria, pertussis, or tetanus;
fainting, going into shock, loss of consciousness;
nervous system problems or brain disorders (such as infantile spasms or uncontrolled epilepsy);
Guillain-Barré syndrome; or
severe pain or swelling after receiving a vaccine that contains tetanus or diphtheria.
Tell the vaccination provider if your child was born prematurely or has a seizure disorder.
Your child can still receive a vaccine if he or she has a minor cold. In the case of a more severe illness with a fever or any type of infection, wait until the child gets better before receiving this vaccine.
The pediatric version of this vaccine (Daptacel, Infanrix, Tripedia) should not be given to a child who is 7 years or older. Another vaccine is available for use in older children and adults.
How is this vaccine given?
This vaccine is given as an injection (shot) into a muscle.
This vaccine is given in a series of shots. The first shot is usually given when the child is 2 months old. The booster shots are then given at 4 months, 6 months, 15 to 20 months, and again between 4 and 6 years of age.
The timing of this vaccination is very important for it to be effective. Your child's individual booster schedule may be different from these guidelines. Follow your doctor's instructions or the schedule recommended by your local health department.
Your child may receive other vaccines at the same time as this vaccine.
What happens if I miss a dose?
Contact your vaccination provider if you miss a booster dose or if you get behind schedule. The next dose should be given as soon as possible. There is no need to start over.
Be sure your child receives all recommended doses of this vaccine, or the child may not be fully protected against disease.
What happens if I overdose?
An overdose of this vaccine is unlikely to occur.
What should I avoid before or after receiving this vaccine?
Follow your doctor's instructions about any restrictions on food, beverages, or activity.
This vaccine side effects
Your child should not receive a booster vaccine if he or she had a life threatening allergic reaction after the first shot.
Keep track of all side effects your child has. If the child receives a booster dose, tell the vaccination provider if the previous shot caused any side effects.
Becoming infected with diphtheria, pertussis, or tetanus is much more dangerous to your child's health than receiving this vaccine. However, like any medicine, this vaccine can cause side effects but the risk of serious side effects is low.
Call your doctor at once if the child has any of these side effects within 3 days after receiving a DTaP vaccine:
high fever (over 105°F);
fussiness, irritability, crying for 3 hours or longer;
extreme drowsiness, fainting;
a seizure; or
swelling of arm or leg where the shot was given.
Some side effects are more likely to occur after the 4th or 5th dose.
You may be able to treat fever or pain with an over-the-counter pain reliever such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, and others). Follow the label directions or your vaccination provider's instructions.
It is especially important to prevent fever from occurring in a child who has a seizure disorder such as epilepsy.
Common side effects include:
mild fussiness or crying;
redness, pain, swelling, or tenderness where the shot was given;
drowsiness, tiredness; or
loss of appetite.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report vaccine side effects to the US Department of Health and Human Services at 1-800-822-7967.
What other drugs will affect Daptacel (DTaP)?
Before receiving this vaccine, tell the vaccine provider about all other vaccines your child has received.
Also tell the vaccination provider if your child has recently received drugs or treatments that can weaken the immune system, including:
medicines to treat or prevent organ transplant rejection.
If your child is using any of these medications, he or she may not be able to receive the vaccine, or may need to wait until the other treatments are finished.
This list is not complete. Other drugs may affect DTap vaccine, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible drug interactions are listed here.
Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
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