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Ephedrine

In some countries, this medicine may only be approved for veterinary use.

In the US, Ephedrine (ephedrine systemic) is a member of the following drug classes: decongestants, vasopressors and is used to treat Adams-Stokes Syndrome, Asthma - acute, COPD - Acute, Hypotension, Myasthenia Gravis and Narcolepsy.

US matches:

UK matches:

  • EPHEDRINE NASAL DROPS 1% (Leaflet)

Scheme

Ph. Int.

ATC (Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification)

C01CA26,R01AA03,R01AB05,R03CA02,S01FB02

CAS registry number (Chemical Abstracts Service)

0000299-42-3

Chemical Formula

C10-H15-N-O

Molecular Weight

165

Therapeutic Categories

Bronchodilator

Antihypotensive agent

α- and β-Sympathomimetic agent

Chemical Names

(αR)-α-[(1S)-1-(Metylamino)etyl]benzenemetanol

(-)-Ephedrine (Ph. Int.)

(1R,2S)-2-metylamino-1-phenylpropan-1-ol (Ph. Eur.)

[R-(R*,S*)]-α-[1-(metylamino)etyl]benzenemetanol (Ph. Int.)

Benzenemetanol, α-[1-(metylamino)etyl]-, [R-(R*,S*)]- (USP)

L-erytro-α-[1-(Metylamino)etyl]benzyl alcohol

L-erytro-2-(metylamino)-1-phenylpropan-1-ol

Foreign Names

  • Ephedrinum anhydricum (Latin)
  • Ephedrin, wasserfrei (German)
  • Éphédrine anhydre (French)
  • Efedrina (Spanish)

Generic Names

  • Ephedrine (OS: BAN)
  • Éphédrine (OS: DCF)
  • 1-Sedrin (IS)
  • NSC 170951 (IS)
  • NSC 8971 (IS)
  • UNII-GN83C131XS (IS)
  • Ephedrin, Wasserfreies (PH: Ph. Eur. 9)
  • Ephedrine (PH: Ph. Int. 7, USP 41)
  • Ephédrine, anhydre (PH: Ph. Eur. 9)
  • Ephedrine, Anhydrous (PH: BP 2016)
  • Ephedrine, anhydrous (PH: Ph. Eur. 9)
  • Ephedrinum (PH: Ph. Int. 7)
  • Ephedrinum anhydricum (PH: Ph. Eur. 9)
  • Ephedrine Hydrochloride (OS: JAN, BAN)
  • UNII-NLJ6390P1Z (IS)
  • Ephédrine (chlorhydrate d') (PH: Ph. Eur. 9)
  • Ephedrine hydrochloride (PH: Ph. Eur. 9)
  • Ephedrine Hydrochloride (PH: BP 2018, JP XVII, Ph. Int. 7, USP 41)
  • Ephedrine hydrochloride, racemic (PH: Ph. Eur. 9)
  • Ephedrinhydrochlorid (PH: Ph. Eur. 9)
  • Ephedrini hydrochloridum (PH: Ph. Eur. 9, Ph. Int. 7)
  • Ephedrini racemici hydrochloridum (PH: Ph. Eur. 9)
  • Ephedrine Sulfate (OS: BANM)
  • Ephedrine Sulfate (PH: Ph. Int. 7, USP 41)
  • Ephedrini sulfas (PH: Ph. Int. 7)

Brand Names

  • Abenol Plus [+ Pheniramine, + Pholcodine]
    Popular, Pakistan
  • Aminofilina Compuesto [+ Aminophylline]
    Laboratorio Chile, Chile
  • Antipirina Efedrina Lafedar [+ Phenazone]
    Lafedar, Argentina
  • Asbron N.F. [+ Aminophylline, + Phenobarbital, + Diphenhydramine]
    Caillon & Hamonet, Uruguay
  • Asthmolysin [+ Proxyphylline]
    Maruho, Japan
  • Bideon Free [+ Phenazone]
    Fecofar, Argentina
  • Broken [+ Guaifenesin]
    Tripharma, Turkey
  • Broncofedrina [+ Dextromethorphane]
    Janssen-Cilag, Mexico
  • Cofsed [+ Chlorphenamine, + Pholcodine]
    Thornton & Ross, Malta
  • Coldargan [+ Silver]
    Sigmapharm, Lithuania; Sigmapharm, Latvia; Sigmapharm Arzneimittel, Austria
  • Coliria [+ Phenazone]
    Gezzi, Argentina
  • Davedix [+ Carbinoxamine, + Pholcodine]
    Neomedix, Pakistan
  • Davenol [+ Carbinoxamine, + Pholcodine]
    Wyeth-Lederle, Pakistan
  • Decofam Cough [+ Ammonium Chloride, + Guaifenesin]
    DHA, Singapore
  • Deltarhino [+ Naphazoline]
    GNP, Egypt
  • Efedrin Cristalia
    Cristalia, Paraguay
  • Efedrina Max Vision
    GP Pharm, Argentina
  • Efedrina Sulfato 6% Biosano
    Biosano, Paraguay
  • Efedrina Sulfato Disfarmed
    Disfarmed, Ecuador
  • Ephedrine
    IFET, Greece; PDH, Pakistan
  • Ephedrine 0.5% Thornton & Ross
    Thornton & Ross, Cyprus
  • Ephedrine 1% Thornton & Ross
    Thornton & Ross, Cyprus
  • Ephedrine Aguettant
    Aguettant, Tunisia
  • Ephedrine Cid
    Cid, Egypt
  • Ephedrine Sopharma
    Sopharma, Latvia
  • Ephedrini hydrochloridum Sterop
    Sterop, Latvia
  • Haymine [+ Chlorphenamine]
    Pharmax, Lebanon
  • Kalopsis [+ Phenazone]
    Roux Ocefa, Paraguay; Roux-Ocefa, Argentina
  • Lambdabron [+ Ammonium Chloride, + Chlorphenamine, + Prednisolone]
    Ahimsa, Paraguay
  • Marynol [+ Pholcodine]
    GlaxoSmithKline, Egypt
  • Muchan
    Fada Pharma, Argentina
  • Osmotol [+ Resorcinol]
    Chauvin, Tunisia
  • Pasta Arsenicale [+ Arsenic, + Lidocaine]
    Ogna, Italy
  • Rinonef-T [+ Neomycin]
    TIS Farmaceutic, Romania
  • Sekicode [+ Dihydrocodeine]
    Nichi-Iko Pharmaceutical, Japan
  • Tussipect N [+ Guaifenesin, + Theophylline, + Diphenhydramine]
    Misr, Egypt
  • Alcof D [+ Dextromethorphan, + Chlorpheniramine, + Sodium Citrate]
    Alina, Pakistan
  • Alergin [+ Theophylline, + Phenobarbital]
    Cipla, India
  • Amchol [+ Chlorpheniramine, + Pholcodine, + Sodium Citrate, + Ammonium Chloride]
    PharmaWise, Pakistan
  • Amcodrin [+ Ammonium Chloride, + Sodium Citrate, + Chlorpheniramine]
    Epla, Pakistan
  • Amcof [+ Ammonium Chloride, + Sodium Citrate, + Chlorpheniramine]
    Marvi, Pakistan
  • Amcoride [+ Ammonium Chloride, + Sodium Citrate, + Chlorpheniramine]
    Lisko, Pakistan
  • Ammodryl [+ Ammonium Chloride, + Sodium Citrate, + Chlorpheniramine]
    PDH, Pakistan
  • Ammonica [+ Ammonium Chloride, + Sodium Citrate, + Chlorpheniramine]
    Progressive, Pakistan
  • Ammotus [+ Ammonium Chloride, + Sodium citrate, + Chlorpheniramine]
    Krka-Pak, Pakistan
  • Amron [+ Ammonium Chloride, + Sodium Citrate, + Chlorpheniramine]
    Amros, Pakistan
  • Anglomonia [+ Ammonium Chloride, + Sodium Citrate, + Chlorpheniramine]
    Anglopak, Pakistan
  • Argotone [+ Silver]
    Bracco, Italy
  • Artu
    Günsa, Turkey
  • Asmadex [+ Theophylline]
    Dexa Medica, Indonesia
  • Asmano [+ Theophylline]
    Corsa Industries, Indonesia
  • Asmapax Depot [+ Theophylline]
    AHPL, India
  • Asmaphen
    Seema, Bangladesh
  • Asmasolon [+ Theophylline]
    Darya-Varia, Indonesia
  • Asovil [+ Carbinoxamine, + Pholcodine]
    Askari, Pakistan
  • Astapect Codeina [+ Codeine, + Sulfogaiacol]
    Cassanello, Paraguay
  • Asthma Soho [+ Theophylline]
    Soho, Indonesia
  • Baby Rhinocol [+ Pholcodine, + Chlorpheniramine, + Paracetamol] [pediatric]
    Schazoo, Pakistan
  • Bixtonim [+ Hydrocortisone, + Naphazoline]
    Biofarm, Romania
  • Brodil [+ Guaifenesin]
    Sanovel, Turkey
  • Broksin [+ Guaifenesin]
    Tripharma, Turkey
  • Bronchocin [+ Glaucine]
    Balkanpharma-Trojan, Bulgaria; TroyaPharm, Lithuania
  • Broncholytin [+ Glaucine]
    Sopharma, Bulgaria; Sopharma, Latvia
  • Bronchoton [+ Glaucine] [veterinary use]
    VetProm, Bulgaria
  • Broncodyl-D [+ Dextromethorphan, + Chlorphenamine, + Ammonium Chloride]
    Medicaids, Pakistan
  • Bronkoflu [+ Guaifenesin]
    Atabay, Turkey
  • Brovenol [+ Pholcodine, + Diphenhydramine]
    Bloom, Pakistan
  • Caniphedrin [veterinary use]
    Selectavet, Germany
  • Caniphedrin 20mg für Hunde [veterinary use]
    Streuli Vet, Switzerland
  • Caniphedrin 50mg für Hunde [veterinary use]
    Streuli Vet, Switzerland
  • Caustinerf Arsenical [+ Arsenic, + Lidocaine]
    Septodont, Lithuania
  • Cocil [+ Dextromethorphan, + Ammonium Chloride, + Chlorpheniramine]
    Ethical, Pakistan
  • Codaphed [+ Chlorphenamine, + Codeine]
    Julphar, Kuwait; Julphar, Oman
  • Coderit N 20 mg/20mg [+ Codeine]
    PharmaSwiss, Hungary
  • Cofcina-d [+ Dextromethorphan, + Chlorpheniramine, + Sodium Citrate]
    Mediceena, Pakistan
  • Cofetol [+Brompheniramine; +Codeine; +Guaifenesin]
    Bright Future Pharmaceutical, China
  • Cofsed [+ Dextromethorphan, + Chlorphenamine]
    Eros, Pakistan
  • Combinol-D [+ Dextromethorphan, + Chlorpheniramine, + Terpin, + Ammonium Chloride]
    Atco, Pakistan
  • Compound Codeine-Xingyin Pharm [+Codeine; +Ammonium; +Chlorphenamine]
    XingYin Pharmaceutical, China
  • Corex-D [+ Dextromethorphan, + Chlorpheniramine, + Sodium Citrate]
    Pfizer, Pakistan
  • Coughsol [+ Guaiacol, + Chlorphenamine, + Dextromethorphan, + Terpin]
    Opal, Pakistan
  • Deechloride [+ Ammonium Chloride, + Sodium Citrate, + Chlorphenamine]
    Gems, Pakistan
  • Deltarhinol [+ Naphazoline, + Fluprednisolone]
    Pacific, Pakistan
  • Deltarhinol [+ Naphazoline]
    Sanofi-Aventis, Kuwait
  • Deltarinolo [+ Naphazoline]
    Sanofi-Aventis, Italy
  • Dexcophan Cough Linctus [+ Ammonium, + Dextromethorphan]
    Hovid, Hong Kong
  • Dhasedyl [+ Codeine, + Promethazine]
    DHA, Hong Kong; DHA, Singapore
  • Dhasedyl DM [+ Dextromethorphan, + Promethazine]
    DHA, Hong Kong; DHA, Malaysia; DHA, Singapore
  • Diminol [+ Ammonium Chloride, + Diphenhydramine]
    Bloom, Pakistan
  • Diprodin [+ Diphenhydramine]
    Kotra Pharma, Malaysia
  • Dolvan [+ Caffeine, + Diphenhydramine, + Paracetamol]
    Norma, Malta
  • Dosacorex-d [+ Dextromethorphan, + Chlorphenamine, + Sodium Citrate]
    Dosaco, Pakistan
  • Drinex
    Taiwan Biotech, Philippines
  • Dulsana [+ Carbinoxamine, + Ammonium Chloride, + Levomenthol]
    Algorithm, Kuwait
  • Dulsana [+ Carbinoxamine, + Ammonium]
    Algorithm S.A.L., Oman
  • Dulsana with Codein [+ Carbinoxamine, + Codeine]
    Algorithm S.A.L., Oman
  • Efed
    Wilshire, Pakistan
  • Efedrin
    Takeda, Norway
  • Efedrin Mylan
    Mylan, Iceland; Mylan, Sweden
  • Efedrin Osel
    Osel, Turkey
  • Efedrin Stragen
    Stragen, Denmark; Stragen, Norway; Stragen Nordic, Sweden
  • Efedrina
    ERN, Spain
  • Efedrina Aguettant
    Aguettant, Portugal
  • Efedrina Arena
    Arena, Romania
  • Efedrina Cloridrato
    Galenica Senese, Italy; Monico, Italy; Salf, Italy
  • Efedrina Zentiva
    Zentiva, Romania
  • Efedrine HCl Teva
    Teva Nederland, Netherlands
  • Efrinol 1%
    Prolab, Poland
  • Efrinol 2%
    Prolab, Poland
  • EMS XPE Expectorante [+ Ambuphylline, + Doxylamine, + Guaifenesin]
    EMS, Brazil
  • Enurace [veterinary use]
    Ecuphar, Belgium; Ecuphar, Germany; ECUPHAR NV, United Kingdom
  • Enurace 10 [veterinary use]
    Ecuphar, Netherlands
  • Enurace 50 [veterinary use]
    Ecuphar, Netherlands
  • Enurace grand chien [veterinary use]
    Virbac, France
  • Enurace petit chien [veterinary use]
    Virbac, France
  • Ephedrin
    Nichi-Iko Pharmaceutical, Japan; Ta Fong, Taiwan
  • Ephedrin Amino 50mg/ml
    Amino, Switzerland
  • Ephedrin Biotica
    Hoechst-Biotika, Lithuania
  • Ephedrin Biotika
    BB Pharma, Czech Republic; BB Pharma, Slovakia
  • Ephedrin Carino
    Carinopharm, Germany
  • Ephedrin HCl
    Ethica Industri Farmasi, Indonesia
  • Ephedrin HCl Bichsel 50mg/10ml
    Grosse Apotheke Dr. G. Bichsel, Switzerland
  • Ephedrin HCl Bichsel 50mg/ml
    Grosse Apotheke Dr. G. Bichsel, Switzerland
  • Ephedrin Labatec 30mg/10ml
    Labatec Pharma, Switzerland
  • Ephedrin Meduna
    Sintetica, Germany
  • Ephedrin Meduna 10 mg/ml
    Sintetica, Austria
  • Ephedrin Sintetica 50mg/10ml
    Sintetica, Switzerland
  • Ephedrin Sintetica 50mg/5ml
    Sintetica, Switzerland
  • Ephedrin Sintetica 50mg/ml
    Sintetica, Switzerland
  • Ephedrin Streuli 50mg/ml
    Streuli Pharma, Switzerland
  • Ephedrine
    Fu Yuan, Taiwan; Seema, Bangladesh
  • Ephedrine 0.5%
    Thornton & Ross, United Kingdom
  • Ephedrine 1%
    Thornton & Ross, United Kingdom
  • Ephedrine Aguettant
    Aguettant, Malta; Juno Pharmaceuticals, Australia
  • Éphédrine Aguettant
    Aguettant, France
  • Éphédrine Arrow
    Arrow, France
  • Ephedrine HCL
    The Central, Taiwan
  • Ephedrine HCl Aguettant
    Aguettant, Belgium; Aguettant, Luxembourg
  • Ephedrine HCl Berlico
    Berlico Mulia Farma, Indonesia
  • Ephedrine HCl Sterop
    Sterop, Belgium
  • Ephedrine Hydrochloride
    Aguettant, United Kingdom; hameln pharmaceuticals, United Kingdom; Martindale, United Kingdom; Max Health, New Zealand; Taiwan Biotech, Taiwan; Wockhardt UK, United Kingdom; Auden Mckenzie Pharma Division, United Kingdom
  • Ephedrine Hydrochloride 10%
    Maruishi Pharmaceutical, Japan
  • Ephedrine Hydrochloride 3% Macarthys
    Macarthys Laboratories, Cyprus
  • Ephedrine Hydrochloride Martindale
    Martindale, Malta
  • Ephedrine Hydrochloride MYX
    Mayne Pharma, Australia
  • Éphédrine Renaudin
    Renaudin, France
  • Ephedrine Sopharma
    Sopharma, Bulgaria
  • Ephedrine Wockhardt
    Wockhardt Bio, Australia
  • Ephedrine-Xinhua Pharm
    Shandong Xinhua Pharmaceutical Co Ltd, China
  • Ephedrinhydrochlorid Aguettant 3 mg/ml
    Aguettant, Austria
  • Ephedrinum
    Jen Sheng, Taiwan
  • Ephedrinum hydrochloricum WZF
    Polfa Warszawa, Poland
  • Epherit 50 mg
    ExtractumPharma, Hungary
  • Ephidin
    Popular, Bangladesh
  • Epinol Dm [+ Dextromethorphan, + Chlorphenamine]
    CCL, Pakistan
  • Eponium [+ Ammonium Chloride, + Sodium Citrate, + Chlorphenamine]
    Epoch, Pakistan
  • Etrilect [+ Bromhexine]
    Teva, Sweden
  • Eupnase [+ Guaifenesin]
    Bilim, Turkey
  • Fedrin
    Jayson, Bangladesh
  • Fendyl [+ Promethazine, + Codeine]
    Jean-Marie Pharmacal, Hong Kong
  • Fienamina [+ Chlorphenamine]
    Recordati, Italy
  • Flavedrin [+ Aminoacridine]
    Algorithm, Kuwait
  • Freecos [+ Ammonium Chloride, + Sodium Citrate, + Chlorphenamine]
    Hamaz Pharma, Pakistan
  • G-Ephedrine
    Gonoshasthaya, Bangladesh
  • Getbron [+ Theophylline]
    Hexpharm Jaya, Indonesia
  • Glycodin [+ Dextromethorphan, + Chlorphenamine, + Guaifenesine]
    Hoechst, Pakistan; LCPW, Pakistan
  • Grafasma [+ Theophylline]
    Graha, Indonesia
  • Haymine [+ Chlorphenamine]
    Chemidex Pharma, United Kingdom
  • Hemoal [+ Benzocaine]
    Reckitt Benckiser Healthcare, Spain
  • Hemoal Forte [+ Benzocaine]
    Reckitt Benckiser Healthcare, Spain
  • Hidrocloruro de Efedrina Aguettant
    Aguettant, Spain
  • Hidrocloruro de Efedrina Genfarma
    Genfarma, Spain
  • Hidrocloruro de Efedrina Kabi
    Fresenius Kabi, Spain
  • Histaminon sin Codeina [+ Ammonium Chloride, + Chlorphenamine, + Benzoic Acid]
    Millet, Paraguay
  • Lepheton [+ Ethylmorphine]
    Meda, Sweden
  • Libang Zhikelu [+ Codeine, + Ammonium, + Chlorphenamine]
    Zhi Jun Pharm, China
  • Lignocaine Comp [+ Lidocaine, + Allantoin]
    Knoll, Pakistan
  • Linctol [+ Dextromethorphan, + Chlorpheniramine] [veterinary use]
    Jurox, Australia
  • Liskoz [+ Pholcodine, + Chlorphenamine]
    Lisko, Pakistan
  • Lizrin [+ Ammonium Chloride, + Sodium Citrate, + Chlorphenamine]
    Ideal, Pakistan
  • Methorsedyl [+ Promethazine, + Dextromethorphan]
    Europharm, Hong Kong
  • Mollipect [+ Bromhexine]
    BioPhausia, Sweden
  • Neofedrin [+ Guaifenesin]
    Akdeniz, Turkey
  • Nordine
    Incepta, Bangladesh
  • Oskadryl [+ Dextromethorphan]
    Supra Ferbindo, Indonesia
  • Otylol [+ Phenol, + Tetracaine, + Procaine]
    Bridoux, France
  • P.E.C. [+ Codeine, + Promethazine]
    Universal Pharm, Hong Kong
  • Pedrin [+ Guaifenesin]
    Aroma, Turkey
  • Pertussol [+ Sulfogaiacol, + Benzoic Acid, + Codeine]
    Rekah, Israel
  • Pharmaniaga Ephedrine HCL
    Pharmaniaga, Malaysia
  • Phensedyl Dry Cough Linctus [+ Promethazine, + Pholcodine]
    Sanofi-Aventis, Malaysia
  • Rhino Sulfuryl [+ Sodium Thiosulfate]
    Laboratoires Pharmaceutiques GMD, France
  • Rhinolex [+ Sulfathiazole]
    Sopharma, Bulgaria
  • Rubital-Compositum
    Gemi, Poland
  • Ser Efedrinat 0.5%
    TIS Farmaceutic, Romania
  • Ser Efedrinat 1%
    TIS Farmaceutic, Romania
  • Sir. Ephedrin [+ Dextromethorphan]
    Takeda, Finland
  • Sir. Ephedrin Paediatric [+ Dextromethorphan] [pediatric]
    Takeda, Finland
  • Sival-B [+ Codeine]
    Exelixis, Greece
  • Syrop Prawoslazowy zlozony GEMI
    Biofaktor, Poland
  • Tabellae Ephedrini
    Ying Yuan, Taiwan
  • Tedral-SA [+ Theophylline]
    Pfizer, India
  • Theochodil [+ Theophylline]
    Global Multi Pharmalab, Indonesia
  • Tocare [+ Sulfogaiacol, + Benzoic Acid, + Codeine]
    Rekah, Israel
  • Tussophedrine NF [+ Sulfogaiacol, + Benzoic Acid, + Dextromethorphan]
    Trima, Israel
  • Uni-Ramine C.E. [+ Ammonium, + Chlorphenamine, + Codeine]
    Universal Pharm, Hong Kong
  • Vasodrin
    Phapros, Indonesia
  • Akovaz
    Flamel Ireland, United States
  • Colirio Iris
    Ponce & Benzo, Venezuela
  • Corphedra
    Par Pharmaceutical, United States
  • DBL Ephedrine Sulfate
    Hospira, Australia; Pfizer, New Zealand
  • Dorax [+ Theophylline, + Hydroxyzine]
    Dosaco, Pakistan
  • Efedrin
    Cristália, Brazil
  • Efedrina Biol
    Biol, Argentina
  • Efedrina Labesfal
    Labesfal, Portugal
  • Efedrina Sulfato Biosano
    Laboratorios Biosano, Chile
  • Efedrina Sulfato Sanderson
    Laboratorio Sanderson, Chile
  • Efesil [+ Silver]
    Celsius, Uruguay
  • Ephedrine Sulfate
    Akorn Animal Health, United States; Sandoz, United States
  • Ephedrine Sulfate Abbott
    Abbott, South Africa
  • Ephedrine Sulfate Hospira
    Hospira, Hong Kong; Hospira Healthcare, Canada
  • Ephedrine Sulfate Sandoz
    Sandoz, Canada
  • Franol [+ Theophylline]
    Sanofi-Aventis Farmaceutica, Brazil
  • Lergigan Comp [+ Caffeine]
    Meda, Sweden
  • Marax [+ Hydroxyzine, + Theophylline]
    Pfizer, Pakistan
  • Sulfato de Efedrina
    Roemmers, Venezuela
  • Sulfato de Efedrina EFA
    EFA, Uruguay
  • Tendrin
    Pisa, Mexico
  • Unifedrine
    União Química, Brazil
  • Vicks MediNait [+ Dextromethorphan, + Doxylamine, + Paracetamol]
    Procter & Gamble, Switzerland
  • Wick für die Nacht [+ Doxylamine, + Dextromethorphane, + Paracetamol]
    Wick Pharma, Austria
  • WICK MediNait [+ Doxylamine, + Dextrometorphan, + Paracetamol]
    Wick Pharma, Germany

Glossary

TermDefinition
BANBritish Approved Name
BANMBritish Approved Name (Modified)
DCFDénomination Commune Française
ISInofficial Synonym
JANJapanese Accepted Name
OSOfficial Synonym
PHPharmacopoeia Name
Ph. Eur.European Pharmacopoeia
Ph. Int.Pharmacopoea Internationalis
USPPharmacopoeia of the United States

Further information on drug naming conventions: International Nonproprietary Names.

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Further information

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