Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Jun 19, 2019.
Commonly used brand name(s)
In the U.S.
Available Dosage Forms:
Therapeutic Class: Anesthetic, Local
Chemical Class: Amino Amide
Uses for ropivacaine
Ropivacaine injection is used to cause numbness or loss of feeling in patients before and during surgery or labor and delivery. It is also used to relieve acute pain. Ropivacaine is a local anesthetic and does not cause loss of consciousness.
Ropivacaine is to be given only by or under the direct supervision of your doctor.
Before using ropivacaine
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For ropivacaine, the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to ropivacaine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of ropivacaine injection in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.
Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of ropivacaine injection in the elderly. However, elderly patients are more likely to have age-related liver, kidney, or heart problems, which may require caution and an adjustment in the dose for patients receiving ropivacaine.
|All Trimesters||B||Animal studies have revealed no evidence of harm to the fetus, however, there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR animal studies have shown an adverse effect, but adequate studies in pregnant women have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus.|
There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.
Interactions with medicines
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are receiving ropivacaine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using ropivacaine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
- Peginterferon Alfa-2b
- St John's Wort
Using ropivacaine with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
Interactions with food/tobacco/alcohol
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using ropivacaine with any of the following is usually not recommended, but may be unavoidable in some cases. If used together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use ropivacaine, or give you special instructions about the use of food, alcohol, or tobacco.
Other medical problems
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of ropivacaine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
- Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency (G6PD) or
- Heart problems or
- Lung or breathing problems or
- Methemoglobinemia (blood disorder), hereditary or idiopathic (unknown cause)—Use with caution. May increase risk of having methemoglobinemia.
- Heart block or
- Hypotension (low blood pressure) or
- Hypovolemia (low blood volume)—Use with caution.
- Heart or blood vessel disease—Use with caution. The chance of side effects may be increased.
- Kidney disease, severe or
- Liver disease, severe—Use with caution. The effects may be increased because of the slower removal of the medicine from the body.
Proper use of ropivacaine
A nurse or other trained health professional will give you ropivacaine in a medical facility. It is given through a needle placed into one of your veins, into your upper arm, into the head and neck area, or into the space around the spinal nerves in your lower back.
Precautions while using ropivacaine
It is very important that your doctor check your progress closely while you are receiving ropivacaine to make sure ropivacaine is working properly. Blood tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects.
Ropivacaine may cause a rare, but serious blood problem called methemoglobinemia. The risk may be increased in children younger than 6 months of age, elderly patients, or patients with certain inborn defects. It is more likely to occur in patients receiving too much of the medicine, but can also occur with small amounts. Check with your doctor right away if you or your child has the following symptoms after receiving ropivacaine: pale, gray, or blue-colored skin, lips, or nails, confusion, headache, lightheadedness, fast heartbeat, or unusual tiredness or weakness.
If you receive ropivacaine into your lower back (epidural), you may experience temporary loss of sensation and movement, usually in the lower half of your body. Talk with your doctor if you have concerns.
Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal or vitamin supplements.
Ropivacaine side effects
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur:
- Blurred vision
- chest pain or discomfort
- dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up suddenly from a lying or sitting position
- lightheadedness, dizziness, or fainting
- slow or irregular heartbeat
- unusual tiredness or weakness
- Burning, crawling, itching, numbness, prickling, "pins and needles", or tingling feelings
- decrease in frequency or amount of urine
- difficulty in passing urine (dribbling)
- painful urination
- Absence of or decrease in body movement
- bluish color of the skin or changes in skin color
- changes in vision
- continuing ringing or buzzing or other unexplained noise in the ears
- decreased awareness or responsiveness
- difficulty breathing
- drooping upper eyelids
- fast or irregular heartbeat
- general feeling of discomfort or illness
- hearing loss
- loss of appetite
- loss of consciousness
- low body temperature
- mood or mental changes
- muscle aches
- muscle spasms (tetany) or twitching seizures
- muscle weakness
- noisy breathing
- pain or discomfort in the arms, jaw, back, or neck
- pain, redness, or swelling in the arm or leg
- problems with memory
- seeing or hearing things that are not there
- severe sleepiness
- severe, unusual tiredness or weakness
- slow heartbeat
- swelling of the foot or leg tenderness
- tightness in the chest
- trouble sleeping
- weak or feeble pulse
- weight gain
- yellow skin or eyes
Incidence not known
- difficulty swallowing
- fast, irregular, pounding, or racing heartbeat or pulse
- hives, itching, skin rash
- inability to breathe without assistance
- paralysis of the arms
- puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
- slow heartbeat
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:
- runny or stuffy nose
- Bleeding, blistering, burning, coldness, discoloration of the skin, feeling of pressure, hives, infection, inflammation, itching, lumps, numbness, pain, rash, redness, scarring, soreness, stinging, swelling, tenderness, tingling, ulceration, or warmth at the injection site
- difficulty in moving
- frequent urge to defecate
- joint pain or swelling
- lack or loss of strength
- loss of bowel control
- muscle pain, cramps, or stiffness
- straining while passing stool
Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
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More about ropivacaine
- Side Effects
- During Pregnancy or Breastfeeding
- Dosage Information
- Drug Interactions
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- Drug class: local injectable anesthetics
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