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Medically reviewed by Last updated on Jun 5, 2024.

What do I need to know about a urinalysis?

A urinalysis (UA) includes several tests to examine your urine. A UA may be used to get information about your overall health, such as during a wellness exam. It may be done to check for a urinary tract infection, or to check for signs of other medical problems. These may include kidney disease or diabetes. It is also used to find out if a woman is pregnant.

How do I prepare for a UA?

Your provider will tell if you need to have the test done at a certain time of day. He or she may give you other instructions on how to collect your urine.

How do I collect my urine for a UA?

Your provider will give you a cup, a lid, and a cleansing wipe. Remove the lid from the cup. Do not touch the inside of the cup. Use the wipe to clean around the opening where you pass urine. Women should wipe from the front to the back. Let a small amount of urine fall into the toilet and then urinate into the cup. Put the lid back on the cup. Give the urine sample to your provider. Your provider may have results right away, or you may need to follow up with him or her.

What do abnormal test results mean?

Abnormal test results are a sign that you may have a health problem that needs to be treated. You may need other tests to find the cause of your abnormal test results.

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. To help with this plan, you must learn about your lab tests. You can then discuss the results with your healthcare providers. Work with them to decide what care may be used to treat you. You always have the right to refuse treatment.The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.