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Typhoid Vaccine

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Feb 4, 2024.

What is the typhoid vaccine?

The typhoid vaccine is given to prevent typhoid infection. Typhoid (also called typhoid fever) is a disease caused by bacteria. It is usually spread through food or water contaminated with bowel movement from an infected person. The bacteria can also spread through close contact with an infected person.

Why may I need the typhoid vaccine?

The typhoid vaccine is not given routinely. Your healthcare provider can tell you if you need the vaccine and when to get it. If you also need the cholera vaccine, it needs to be separated from the typhoid vaccine by at least 8 hours. The following are possible reasons you may need the vaccine:

When is the typhoid vaccine given?

The vaccine comes in 2 forms. The first contains inactivated (killed) cells and is given as an injection. The other contains live, weakened bacteria cells and is given as a capsule you swallow. Your healthcare provider will tell you which form is best for you.

Who should not get this vaccine?

Do not get this vaccine if you had a severe reaction to a past dose. Do not get this vaccine if you have a severe allergy to any component (part).

Treatment options

The following list of medications are in some way related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

Who should wait to get this vaccine?

What are the risks of the typhoid vaccine?

You may still get typhoid, even after you receive the vaccine. You may develop a headache, abdominal pain, fever, or a rash. The area where the vaccine was given may be red, tender, or swollen. These are usually mild and should go away quickly. You may have an allergic reaction to the vaccine. Rarely, this may become severe or life-threatening.

Call your local emergency number (911 in the US) if:

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.