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Medically reviewed by Last updated on Mar 3, 2024.

What is tularemia?

Tularemia is an illness caused by the bacteria Francisella tularensis. It is also called deer-fly fever or rabbit fever. The bacteria that cause tularemia are often found in animals, such as rodents, birds, reptiles, and fish. The bacteria can survive for weeks at low temperatures in water, moist soil, hay, and straw.

How is tularemia spread?

Tularemia is not spread from person to person. You may become infected through any of the following:

What are the signs and symptoms of tularemia?

How is tularemia diagnosed?

How is tularemia treated?

Antibiotic medicine is given to treat your infection.

Treatment options

The following list of medications are in some way related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

What are the risks of tularemia?

Tularemia can cause damage to your eyes and skin. You may have inflammation in your lungs and around your heart. You may get a lung or bone infection. You are also at risk for meningitis, and the infection may spread to your brain. Tularemia may become life-threatening.

How can I prevent tularemia?

Call your local emergency number (911 in the US) if:

When should I call my doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.