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Tdap And Td Vaccines In Adults

AMBULATORY CARE:

Tdap and Td

are vaccines. Tdap is a shot given to protect you from tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis. Td is a shot given to protect you from tetanus and diphtheria. Diphtheria is a severe bacterial infection that causes a thick covering in the back of your mouth and throat. It spreads from person to person. Tetanus is a severe infection caused by bacteria found in dirt, manure, and dust. The bacteria enter the body through open skin, such as cuts and wounds. Tetanus may cause painful muscle spasms and lockjaw. Pertussis (whooping cough) causes periods of rapid coughing with no break. This makes it hard to eat, drink, or breathe. Pertussis spreads from person to person.

Call 911 for any of the following:

  • Your mouth and throat are swollen.
  • You are wheezing or have trouble breathing.
  • You have chest pain or your heart is beating faster than usual.
  • You have severe pain, redness, and swelling in your arm where the shot was given.

Seek care immediately if:

  • Your face is red or swollen.
  • You have hives that spread over your body.
  • You feel weak or dizzy.

Contact your healthcare provider if:

  • You have a fever or chills.
  • You have a headache, body aches, or joint pain.
  • You have nausea or diarrhea, or you are vomiting.
  • You have questions or concerns about the vaccine.

When you should get the Tdap vaccine:

Adults receive 1 dose of Tdap. You should receive the vaccine if:

  • Your vaccine history is incomplete or unknown.
  • You completed the DTaP series but have not had a Td booster.
  • You are a healthcare worker.
  • You have close contact with a baby younger than 12 months old. The Tdap vaccine may be given within 2 weeks of the close contact.
  • You have a severe cut or burn.
  • During every pregnancy when you are 27 to 36 weeks along.
  • You have just had a baby and did not receive the vaccine during 27 to 36 weeks.

When you should get the Td vaccine:

The Td vaccine is a booster shot that may be given to adults every 10 years. The following are also reasons the booster shot may be given:

  • You have a severe latex allergy.
  • You have an open wound and it has been at least 5 years since your last Td vaccine.
  • You are pregnant and have received 1 dose of the Tdap vaccine.

Who should not get the Tdap or Td vaccines:

  • You have had a life-threatening reaction to any part of the vaccine in the past.
  • You were in a coma or had seizures as a child, after a DTP, DTap, or previous Tdap shot.

When you should talk to healthcare provider about the Tdap and Td vaccines:

Talk your healthcare provider if:

  • You do not feel well the day of the shot.
  • You had severe swelling and pain after getting a vaccine that contained diphtheria, tetanus, or pertussis in the past.
  • You have seizures or other problems with your nervous system.
  • You have ever had Guillain-BarrĂ© syndrome.

Risks of the Tdap and Td vaccines:

The area where the vaccine was given may be red, tender, or swollen. You may have an allergic reaction to the vaccine. This can be life-threatening.

Apply a warm compress

to the injection area as directed to decrease pain and swelling.

Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

© 2017 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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