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Strabismus in Adults
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
What is strabismus?
Strabismus is a condition that causes your eyes to look in different directions. Your eye muscles do not work together properly to control the movement of your eyes. Strabismus is also called squint, crossed eye, or walleye. This condition may only occur sometimes, or it may be present all the time.
What causes strabismus?
Strabismus may be present since childhood. Strabismus that occurs during adulthood may be caused by conditions such as Graves disease, stroke, head injury, or eye injury. In some cases, the cause of strabismus may be unknown.
What are the signs and symptoms of strabismus?
- An eye that wanders or turns in, out, down, or up
- Crossed eyes
- Blurred or double vision
- Increased sensitivity to bright light
How is strabismus diagnosed?
Your healthcare provider will ask about your symptoms and examine your eyes. Tell him about any health conditions you have or medicines you take. You may need any of the following:
- A vision exam is done to check if strabismus has affected your vision. You will be asked to read letters on reading charts at a close and far distance.
- A refraction test measures the prescription you need for eyeglasses or contact lenses. You will be asked to look at a chart through a device that has lenses of different strengths. You will be asked if the word or picture is clear as he changes the lenses.
- An alignment and focusing test may be done to check how well your eyes focus, move, and work together. This is also known as a motility (movement) test.
- Blood or imaging tests may be needed to find the cause of your strabismus.
How is strabismus treated?
- Eyeglasses or contact lenses can help your eyes work together.
- Eye exercises help improve your eye movement and focus. Ask your healthcare provider about the best eye exercises for you.
- Surgery may be done to change the length or position of your eye muscles. This will help your eyes look in the same direction at the same time.
When should I seek immediate care?
- You lose your vision in one or both eyes.
When should I contact my healthcare provider?
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
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