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Specific Phobia

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Jun 5, 2024.

What is specific phobia?

Specific phobia is a condition that causes a strong fear of a specific object or situation. You may have severe anxiety or fear when you are faced with that object or situation. You know you have these feelings, but you cannot talk yourself out of them. You may avoid certain objects or activities. Specific phobia can interfere with your daily activities.

What are the types of specific phobia?

You may have one or more of the following phobias:

What increases my risk for specific phobia?

The cause of specific phobia is unknown. Any of the following may increase your risk:

What are the signs and symptoms of specific phobia?

How is specific phobia diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will talk with you about your fears, worries, and behavior. Tell him or her about your signs and symptoms and how they are affecting your life. Your provider will ask if you have a history of psychological trauma, such as physical or sexual abuse. Tell him or her if you drink alcohol or use drugs.

How is specific phobia treated?

Treatment options

The following list of medications are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

How can I manage my phobia?

When should I contact my healthcare provider?

When should I seek immediate care or call 911?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Learn more about Specific Phobia

Treatment options guides (external)

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.