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Sjogren Syndrome

Medically reviewed by Last updated on May 6, 2024.

What is Sjogren syndrome?

Sjogren syndrome is a disease that causes your immune system to attack healthy cells in your body. Tear and saliva glands are the most common areas to be attacked. Sjogren syndrome may happen alone. This is called primary Sjogren syndrome. Secondary Sjogren syndrome means you also have an autoimmune disease, such as lupus or arthritis.

What are the signs and symptoms of Sjogren syndrome?

How is Sjogren syndrome diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will examine you and ask about your symptoms. Tell the provider when symptoms began and if they have gotten worse over time. Tell your provider if you have an autoimmune disease such as arthritis or lupus. Your provider may also ask about your medicines. Some medicines can cause dry mouth problems. Examples include medicines to prevent allergies, lower your blood pressure, or treat depression. The amount of tears or saliva you produce may be measured. You may also need blood tests to check the amount of inflammation. Your healthcare provider may refer you to an eye or autoimmune disorder specialist.

How are dry eye problems treated or managed?

How are dry mouth problems treated or managed?

What else can I do to manage Sjogren syndrome?

When should I contact my healthcare provider?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.