Skip to main content

Restraint Use in Children

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Mar 5, 2023.

Restraints are methods used by trained healthcare providers to stop or limit your child's movement. Restraints may be used without your consent.


Types of restraints:

  • Physical restraints are devices that limit your child's movement. They include arm, leg, lap, or vest restraints. Bed sheets may be used to swaddle a younger child. Healthcare providers may also hold your child's arms, chest, or legs to keep him or her from moving during certain tests.
  • Chemical restraints are medicines used to quickly sedate your child if he or she is violent. These will be given as a pill or an injection.
  • Seclusion is placing your child in a room by himself or herself. The room is locked and kept free of items that could cause injury. Healthcare providers will watch your child at all times when he or she is in seclusion.

Monitoring your child in restraints:

  • Vital signs, such as heart rate, breathing rate, and blood pressure, will be taken often to make sure they are in normal range.
  • Your child's physical comfort will also be monitored closely. Healthcare providers will check your child's skin for injury or blood flow problems under the restraints. They will also give your child liquids and take him or her to the bathroom as needed.
  • Your child's behavior will also be monitored. Healthcare providers will remove physical restraints or allow your child to leave seclusion as soon as he or she is calm and cooperative.

© Copyright Merative 2023 Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Learn more about Restraint Use

Care guides

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.