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Pelvic Pain

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Feb 6, 2023.

Pelvic pain may be caused by a number of conditions, such as irritable bowel syndrome, appendicitis, or constipation. A urinary tract infection, prostate inflammation, menstrual cramps, or kidney stones can also cause pelvic pain. You may have pain on one or both sides of your pelvis. Pelvic pain can develop if you have trauma to your pelvis or if you sit or stand for a long time.



You may need any of the following:

  • NSAIDs , such as ibuprofen, help decrease swelling, pain, and fever. This medicine is available with or without a doctor's order. NSAIDs can cause stomach bleeding or kidney problems in certain people. If you take blood thinner medicine, always ask your healthcare provider if NSAIDs are safe for you. Always read the medicine label and follow directions.
  • Prescription pain medicine may be given. Ask how to take this medicine safely.
  • Birth control medicines may help decrease pain in women.
  • Take your medicine as directed. Contact your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell your provider if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Call 911 for any of the following:

  • You have severe chest pain and sudden trouble breathing.

Contact your healthcare provider if:

  • You have a fever.
  • You have nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.
  • Your pain does not go away, or it gets worse, even after treatment.
  • You have numbness in your legs or toes.
  • You have heavy or unusual vaginal bleeding.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Manage your pelvic pain:

  • Keep a pain record. Write down when your pain happens and how severe it is. Include any other symptoms you have with your pain. A record will help you keep track of pain cycles. Bring the record with you to your follow-up visits. It may also help your healthcare provider find out what is causing your pain.
  • Learn ways to relax. Deep breathing, meditation, and relaxation techniques can help decrease your pain. When you are tense, your pain may increase.
  • Treat or prevent constipation. Drink liquids as directed. You may need to drink more liquid than usual. Ask your healthcare provider how much liquid to drink each day. Eat high-fiber foods. High-fiber foods include fruit, vegetables, whole-grain breads and cereals, and beans. You may need to change the foods you eat if you have irritable bowel syndrome.

Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:

You may need physical therapy. You may need to see an orthopedic specialist. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.