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Molluscum Contagiosum In Children


Molluscum contagiosum

is a skin infection. It is caused by a pox virus. Molluscum contagiosum is most common in children 1 to 10 years of age. It is more common among children who have trouble fighting infections. This includes children with a weak immune system.

How molluscum contagiosum is spread:

Molluscum contagiosum is contagious, which means it can be easily spread to others. The infection can be spread when a person touches the skin of an infected person. It can also be spread on items that an infected person has used, such as clothes or washcloths. Your child may spread the infection to other parts of his body. This can happen after he touches an infected area and then touches somewhere else on his body.

Common signs and symptoms include the following:

Your child may not have symptoms for weeks to months after the virus has entered his body. Your child will have small, raised bumps on his skin. The bumps are firm, smooth, and look like warts. They may be white or pink. Each bump may have a small indent in the center. A cheese-like white fluid may drain from the bumps. Bumps may appear on your child's face, arms, legs, abdomen, or chest. They may become itchy, sore, or swollen.

Contact your child's healthcare provider if:

  • Your child has a fever.
  • Your child's bumps become swollen, red, painful, or drain pus.
  • You have questions or concerns about your child's condition or care.

Treatment for molluscum contagiosum

may include medicine to treat the skin infection and prevent it from spreading. Medicine may be given as a pill, cream, or a gel. Your child may need to have the bumps removed by a laser, freezing them (cryotherapy), or scraping them off.

Prevent the spread of molluscum contagiosum:

  • Wash your hands and your child's hands often. Always wash your hands and your child's hands after touching the infected area. Have your child wash his hands after he uses the bathroom. If no water is available, your child can use germ-killing hand lotion or gel to clean his hands. Alcohol-based hand lotion or gel works best.
  • Do not let your child share personal items with others. Do not let your child share items that have come in contact with bumps or sores. Examples are toys, clothing, bedding, towels, and washcloths. Ask your child's healthcare provider how to clean or wash these items.
  • Do not let your child have close contact with others. Do not let your child take a bath with another child or adult. Do not let your child play contact sports, such as wrestling or football. Have your child sleep in his own bed until the bumps are gone. It is okay for your child to go to school or daycare if his bumps are covered.
  • Keep your child's bumps covered. Cover your child's bumps with a bandage as directed. Have your child wear clothing that covers the bandages. Cover your child's bumps with a watertight bandage before he swims in a pool. Your child can sleep with the bumps uncovered.
  • Do not let your child scratch or pick his bumps. This may spread the bumps to other parts of his body. It may also increase the risk of spreading the bumps to others.

Get more information:

  • American Academy of Dermatology
    P.O. Box 4014
    Schaumburg , IL 60168
    Phone: 1- 847 - 330-0230
    Phone: 1- 866 - 503-7546
    Web Address:

Follow up with your child's healthcare provider as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

© 2016 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.