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Leg Cramps

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Jun 5, 2024.

A leg cramp is a sudden, painful squeeze in your calf (lower leg) or thigh (upper leg) muscles. The muscle may twitch under the skin or feel hard. Your leg may feel sore long after the muscles relax.


To stretch your leg:

Warm up your muscles before you stretch. Take a short walk or run slowly in place. If you get leg cramps while you sleep, you may also want to stretch before bedtime. The following exercises stretch the calves and thighs to help stop or prevent leg cramps:

Drink plenty of liquids during exercise:

Water and other liquids help prevent cramps by replacing fluids lost in sweat. Drink more liquids when you are active in hot weather.

Treatment options

The following list of medications are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

To stop a leg cramp if it happens again:

Take your medicine as directed:

Call your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are taking any vitamins, herbs, or other medicines. Keep a list of the medicines you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits.

Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:

Write down any questions you have so you remember to ask them in your follow-up visits.

Contact your healthcare provider if:

© Copyright Merative 2024 Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.