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Infantile Hemangioma

Medically reviewed by Last updated on May 6, 2024.

What is an infantile hemangioma (IH)?

An IH is a common growth found on an infant's skin. It usually appears 1 to 2 months after birth. The cause of an IH is unknown. An IH may happen when blood vessels grow together in one area of your infant's skin. Your infant may be at risk for an IH if he or she was born early or had a low birth weight. Your infant may also be at risk for an IH if he or she has a family member with an IH. Most hemangiomas are harmless and get better without treatment.

What are the signs and symptoms of an IH?

An IH on the surface of your infant's skin may look red and feel raised or rough. An IH that is deeper in your infant's skin may feel flat and look purple, gray, or blue. An IH may appear anywhere on your infant's body, but is most common on the head, face, neck, or chest. Your infant may have 1 or more hemangiomas on his or her skin. An IH may grow quickly during the first 6 months of your infant's life. After this time, an IH usually begins to shrink, flatten, and fade in color.

How is an IH diagnosed and treated?

Call your local emergency number (911 in the US) if:

When should I call my infant's doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your child's care. Learn about your child's health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your child's healthcare providers to decide what care you want for your child. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

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