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Infantile Hemangioma


An infantile hemangioma (IH) is a common growth found on an infant's skin. It usually appears 1 to 2 months after birth. The cause of an IH is unknown. An IH may happen when blood vessels grow together in one area of your infant's skin. Your infant may be at risk for an IH if he or she was born early or had a low birth weight. Your infant may also be at risk for an IH if he or she has a family member with an IH. Most hemangiomas are harmless and get better without treatment.


Call 911 for any of the following:

  • Your child has trouble breathing.

Contact your child's healthcare provider if:

  • Your infant has a fever.
  • Your infant's IH is bleeding.
  • Your infant has a new IH on or near his or her eye, mouth, rectum, penis, or vagina.
  • Your infant's IH changes in color or looks crusty.
  • Your infant has trouble eating or swallowing because of the IH.
  • Your infant cries more than usual.
  • Your infant's IH is draining pus or looks more swollen.
  • You have questions or concerns about your child's condition or care.


Your infant may be given the following:

  • Medicine may be given to help shrink your infant's hemangioma. Medicine may be given as an ointment or an oral liquid. Apply ointments as directed.
  • Give your child's medicine as directed. Call your child's healthcare provider if you think the medicine is not working as expected. Tell him if your child is allergic to any medicine. Keep a current list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs your child takes. Include the amounts, and when, how, and why they are taken. Bring the list or the medicines in their containers to follow-up visits. Carry your child's medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Follow up with your child's healthcare provider as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your child's visits.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.