Inactivated Polio Vaccine for Adults
Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Mar 5, 2023.
The inactivated polio vaccine (IPV)
is an injection given to help prevent polio. Polio is a disease caused by a virus. The virus damages the brain and spinal cord. This can lead to paralysis or death. The virus is usually spread through direct contact.
Call your local emergency number (911 in the US) for any of the following:
- Your mouth and throat are swollen.
- You are wheezing or have trouble breathing.
- You have chest pain.
- Your heart is beating faster than normal for you.
- You feel like you are going to faint.
Seek care immediately if:
- Your face is red or swollen.
- You have hives that spread over your body.
- You feel weak or dizzy.
- You have severe shoulder pain.
Call your doctor if:
- You have a high fever.
- You have increased pain, redness, or swelling around the area where the shot was given.
- You have questions or concerns about the IPV.
Who should get the IPV:
Adults who are at high risk need the IPV, such as people traveling to areas where polio is common. Other people at risk are lab workers and healthcare providers who could come into contact with the polio virus. The following are reasons you may receive the IPV:
- You never received the polio vaccine. If you have not received any polio vaccine, you should be given 3 doses as follows:
- The first dose at any time
- The second dose 1 to 2 months later
- The third dose 6 to 12 months after the second dose
- Your polio immunization is not complete. It is not complete if only 1 or 2 doses of polio vaccine were received. The rest of the recommended doses should be given. The schedule is continued from the last dose no matter how long ago it was received.
- You need a booster shot. A booster may be given if you received at least 3 doses of the polio vaccine.
The following list of medications are in some way related to or used in the treatment of this condition.
- measles virus vaccine/mumps virus vaccine/rubella virus vaccine/varicella virus vaccine
- rotavirus vaccine
Do not get the IPV if:
- You had an allergic reaction to a dose of the vaccine.
- You have an allergy to latex or certain antibiotics, such as neomycin, streptomycin, or polymyxin B.
Wait to get the IPV if:
- You are sick or have a fever. Wait until you are feeling better or the fever is gone.
- You are a pregnant woman. You may need to wait until after you give birth.
Apply a warm compress
to the area to relieve swelling and pain.
Follow up with your doctor as directed:
Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.
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