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Hypomagnesemia

WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:

Hypomagnesemia is a condition that develops when the level of magnesium in your body is too low. Magnesium is a mineral that is responsible for bone strength, and muscle and nerve function.

WHILE YOU ARE HERE:

Informed consent

is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.

Medicines:

You will get magnesium through your IV if you have moderate to life-threatening hypomagnesemia.

Telemetry monitoring:

This test is also called an EKG or ECG. Sticky pads are placed on your skin and attached to a monitor. Caregivers will record your heart's electrical activity to monitor for irregular or fast heartbeats.

Tests:

  • Blood tests will show the level of magnesium in your blood.
  • A 24 hour urine test will show the amount of magnesium leaving your body through your urine. You will need to collect all of your urine for 24 hours. You will urinate into a container and then put the urine into a jug. The jug will need to be kept cold. At the end of 24 hours, the urine will be sent to a lab for tests.

RISKS:

Intravenous magnesium can cause skin redness, low blood pressure, and slow and irregular heartbeats. If not treated, hypomagnesemia can cause low calcium and potassium in your blood. It can also increase your risk for diabetes by preventing insulin from lowering your blood sugar levels. You may also be at risk for hardening of the arteries and other heart problems, such as fast and irregular heartbeats, which can be life-threatening.

CARE AGREEMENT:

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

© 2015 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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