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Hospital Acquired Pneumonia

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Jun 5, 2024.

What is hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP)?

HAP is a lung infection that can develop while you are in the hospital. HAP occurs 48 hours or more after you are admitted. Your lungs become swollen and cannot work well. HAP is usually caused by bacteria. It can become life-threatening.

The Lungs

What increases my risk for HAP?

What are the signs and symptoms of HAP?

How is HAP diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will listen to your lungs for abnormal sounds. You may also need any of the following:

How is HAP treated?

What can I do to prevent the spread of germs?

Call your local emergency number (911 in the US) if:

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.