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Gas and Bloating


Gas forms inside your body when you eat certain foods or swallow too much air. Bloating is the tight, full feeling you get from too much gas.



  • Gas relief medicines: These may help decrease gas pain and bloating. These can be bought without a doctor's order.
  • Take your medicine as directed. Contact your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him or her if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

How to manage gas and bloating:

  • Keep a log: Write down what you eat and drink and how often you pass gas each day.
  • Eat and drink slowly: Choose foods that do not cause gas, such as meat, poultry, fish, and eggs. Avoid high-fat foods and vegetables or starches that can cause gas. Do not drink carbonated drinks. Add foods back into your diet one at a time after about a week. If the food causes symptoms, avoid it.
  • Exercise: Exercise can help relieve gas.
  • Do not smoke or chew gum: This can cause you to swallow air.
  • Make sure your dentures fit properly: Have your dentures fixed if they are loose. Loose dentures can cause you to swallow too much air.

Follow up with your doctor as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Contact your healthcare provider if:

  • You have a fever.
  • You vomit or have diarrhea.
  • You lose weight without trying.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Return to the emergency department if:

  • You have severe abdominal pain.
  • You have blood in your bowel movement.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Learn more about Gas and Bloating (Aftercare Instructions)

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.