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Emergency contraception (EC)
is medicine or an intrauterine device (IUD) used to prevent pregnancy when birth control fails or was not used. EC can also be used after a sexual assault. EC can be used up to 5 days after intercourse, but it works best when used as soon as possible. You may still get pregnant after you use EC, but your chances of pregnancy are greatly reduced. EC is safe but is not a substitute for long-term birth control.
Seek care immediately if:
- You have heavy vaginal bleeding.
- You have severe abdominal pain or a fever.
Contact your healthcare provider if:
- You vomit within 3 hours of taking hormonal EC.
- Your next period does not occur within 21 days after you take EC.
- Your next period is not normal for you.
- You have tender breasts, nausea, and fatigue that do not go away.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
is given as 1 or 2 pills. Some brands are only available by prescription. One brand is available over-the-counter. Not all pharmacies carry the over-the-counter brand, so you may need to ask healthcare providers where to find it. The side effects include nausea and vomiting, spotting or irregular bleeding, breast tenderness, dizziness or tiredness, and headache. You must do the following to use hormonal EC properly:
- Use hormonal EC exactly as directed.
- Use condoms for the rest of your cycle. You can still get pregnant if you ovulate later than you usually do.
- Follow up with your healthcare provider to talk about the best long-term birth control method for you.
A copper IUD
placed in your uterus within 7 days of intercourse can prevent pregnancy. The IUD can remain in your uterus for up to 10 years to provide long-term birth control. You need a vaginal exam, a pregnancy test, and tests for infections before you receive an IUD. It cannot be inserted if you have an infection. The side effects of a copper IUD include spotting and heavy periods for the first 3 to 6 months of use.
What else you need to know about EC:
- EC prevents or delays ovulation. This means you can get pregnant if you have unprotected intercourse several days after you use EC.
- EC will not protect you from sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:
You may need to return for a pregnancy test or tests for STIs. Tell your healthcare provider if you have any questions or concerns about long-term birth control or STIs. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.
Learn more about Emergency Contraception (Ambulatory Care)
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