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Chronic Pericarditis

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Jun 5, 2024.

What is chronic pericarditis?

Chronic pericarditis is inflammation of the pericardium for longer than 3 months. The pericardium is the thin sac that surrounds your heart. A small amount of clear fluid between the heart and the sac allows the heart to beat easily. The amount of fluid increases and may contain pus. This can lead to problems with the way that your heart beats.


What causes chronic pericarditis?

The cause may not be known. Pericarditis may be caused by any of the following:

What are the signs and symptoms of chronic pericarditis?

Your signs and symptoms may have come and gone over a long time. You may have any of the following:

How is chronic pericarditis diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will examine you and ask about past medical problems. he or she will listen to your heart. You may also have any of the following tests:

How is chronic pericarditis treated?

Treatment options

The following list of medications are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

What can I do to prevent infections?

The following can help prevent the spread of viruses and bacteria that can cause acute pericarditis or make it worse:

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Learn more about Chronic Pericarditis

Treatment options

Symptoms and treatments

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.