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Choroidal Melanoma

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Jun 5, 2024.

What is choroidal melanoma?

Choroidal melanoma is cancer found in the choroid. This is a tissue that lines the eye between the retina and the sclera. The sclera is the white part of your eye. A choroidal melanoma can become large and cause your retina to detach. This can cause vision loss. It can also spread to other parts of your body, such as your liver.

Eye Anatomy

What increases my risk for choroidal melanoma?

How is choroidal melanoma diagnosed?

Choroidal melanoma usually has no signs or symptoms that you will notice. Sometimes it can cause blurred vision or loss of vision. Choroidal melanoma is usually found during a routine eye exam. Your eye care specialist may suspect you have a choroidal melanoma by seeing a dark spot on the back of your eye. He or she may use the following to rule out other conditions:

How is choroidal melanoma treated?

Your eye care provider may recommend watchful waiting. This means you do not receive immediate treatment, but you come in for regular exams to watch for changes. This is usually only done if the choroidal melanoma is small. If it is larger, or becomes larger during watchful waiting, your provider may recommend any of the following:

What can I do to keep my eyes healthy?

You may not be able to prevent choroidal melanoma, but you can help keep your eyes healthy:

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

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