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Choroidal Melanoma


Choroidal melanoma is cancer found in the choroid. This is a tissue that lines the eye between the retina and the sclera. The sclera is the white part of your eye. A choroidal melanoma can become large and cause your retina to detach. This can cause vision loss. It can also spread to other parts of your body, such as your liver.

Eye Anatomy


Seek care immediately if:

  • You have a sudden change in your vision or loss of vision.
  • You have eye pain.

Call your doctor or ophthalmologist if:

  • You see more floaters or flashes of light than usual.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Help keep your eyes healthy:

You may not be able to prevent choroidal melanoma, but you can help keep your eyes healthy:

  • Wear sunglasses with ultraviolet (UV) light protection. UV light from the sun can damage your eyes.
  • Eat foods that contain eye-healthy nutrients. Eye-healthy nutrients include vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, omega-3 fatty acids, lutein, and zeaxanthin. You may need to take a vitamin or supplement to help you get enough of these nutrients. Ask your healthcare provider for a full list of foods that contain eye-healthy nutrients. The following are some examples:
    • Vitamin A: carrots, cantaloupe, eggs, salmon, almonds, and low-fat milk and yogurt
      Sources of Vitamin A
    • Vitamin C: blueberries, oranges, kiwi, tomatoes, garlic, bell peppers, and Brussels sprouts
      Sources of Vitamin C
    • Vitamin E: peanut butter, cashews, asparagus, wheat germ, and dried apricots
      Sources of Vitamin E
    • Omega-3 fatty acids: salmon, tuna, walnuts, kidney beans, eggs, broccoli, spinach, collard greens, and olive oil
      Sources of Omega 3
  • Do not smoke. Nicotine and other chemicals in cigarettes and cigars can cause eye and blood vessel damage. Ask your healthcare provider for information if you currently smoke and need help to quit. E-cigarettes or smokeless tobacco still contain nicotine. Talk to your healthcare provider before you use these products.
  • Limit alcohol use. Heavy alcohol use may increase your risk for eye diseases. Ask your healthcare provider if it is safe for you to drink alcohol.

Follow up with your doctor or ophthalmologist as directed:

You will need follow-up tests and ongoing monitoring to make sure the cancer does not spread. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.