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Bleeding Disorders


Bleeding disorders are a group of conditions that affect your blood's ability to clot. Your blood normally clots with the help of platelets (blood cells) and proteins called clotting factors. When you have a bleeding disorder, you have an increased risk of bleeding.


Seek care immediately if:

  • You have nausea, vomiting, or a severe headache.
  • You bump or injure your head.
  • You are vomiting blood.
  • You cannot control your bleeding episodes, even after treatment.
  • You have new pain in the lower part of your stomach, groin, or lower back.
  • Your urine is pink or red.
  • You see blood in your bowel movement, or it is black.

Contact your healthcare provider if:

  • You have joint pain.
  • You have new pain and swelling in a body area.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Follow up with your healthcare provider or hematologist as directed:

You will need to return for more blood tests. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.


  • Medicines help your body make more platelets or clotting factors. Medicines may also be given to help prevent bleeding or suppress your immune system. Ask your healthcare provider for more information about the medicines you may need.
  • Take your medicine as directed. Contact your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him or her if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.


  • Do not take aspirin or NSAIDs. These medicines can cause you to bleed and bruise more easily.
  • Avoid activities that may cause scratches or bruises. Wear shoes or slippers to protect your feet from injury. Ask your healthcare provider which activities are safe for you.
  • Use caution with skin and mouth care. Use a soft washcloth and a soft toothbrush to keep your skin and gums from bleeding. Use lip balm to prevent your lips from cracking. If you shave, use an electric shaver.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.