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Anaphylaxis in Children

Medically reviewed by Last updated on May 6, 2024.

What is anaphylaxis?

Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening allergic reaction that must be treated immediately. Your child's risk for anaphylaxis increases if he or she has asthma or allergies. Medical conditions such as heart disease can also increase your child's risk. It is important to be prepared if your child is at risk for anaphylaxis. Symptoms can be worse each time he or she is exposed to a trigger.

What may trigger anaphylaxis?

The following are some of the most common triggers for children:

What are the signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis?

Your child may have any of the following within seconds to hours after exposure to a trigger:

How is anaphylaxis diagnosed?

Your child's healthcare provider will examine your child for signs of anaphylaxis. The provider will ask if your child has a history of allergies. The provider will also ask about exposure to possible triggers and when they occurred. Tell the provider if your child takes medicines or has any health conditions. Your child may need more testing if he or she developed anaphylaxis after being exposed to a trigger and then exercising. This is called exercise-induced anaphylaxis.

How is anaphylaxis treated?

Your child's healthcare provider will remove the allergen from your child, if possible. Your child may also need any of the following:

Treatment options

The following list of medications are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

View more treatment options

What steps do I and my child need to take for signs or symptoms of anaphylaxis?

What safety precautions do I and my child need to take?

Call your local emergency number (911 in the US) if:

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my child's doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your child's care. Learn about your child's health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your child's healthcare providers to decide what care you want for your child. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Learn more about Anaphylaxis

Treatment options

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.