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Medically reviewed by Last updated on Jun 5, 2024.

What is agoraphobia?

Agoraphobia is a condition that causes strong anxiety and panic. Symptoms are triggered when you do not feel safe and cannot escape easily. Some examples are when you are in an elevator, on public transportation, or in a large crowd. You may fear you will be embarrassed when you panic. Your fears may make it hard for you to work or be involved in activities you enjoy.

What are the signs and symptoms of agoraphobia?

What increases my risk for agoraphobia?

The exact cause of agoraphobia is unknown. Your risk of agoraphobia increases if you have any of the following:

How is agoraphobia diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will ask about your symptoms and when they began. He or she will ask what triggers your panic and if fear limits your daily activities. He or she will also ask about your medical history and if any family members have a similar condition. Your provider may ask about your past and present alcohol or drug use.

How is agoraphobia treated?

Treatment options

The following list of medications are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

What can I do to manage agoraphobia?

Where can I find more information?

Call your local emergency number (911 in the US) if:

When should I call my doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.