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Acquired Cytomegalovirus


Acquired cytomegalovirus

  • (CMV) is a virus that spreads through contact with body fluids, such as blood, saliva, urine, and tears. It affects both adults and children. Most healthy people do not have symptoms and recover without knowing they are infected.
  • CMV can be spread for months to years after someone is infected. Over time, it can become dormant (inactive) and is less likely to spread. CMV may become active again when a person's immune system becomes weak, such as with an HIV infection or an organ or bone marrow transplant.

Possible symptoms include the following:

  • Fevers for 3 or more weeks and increased fatigue
  • Enlarged lymph glands or sore throat
  • Blurred vision or headache
  • Difficulty breathing, cough, or wheezing
  • Pain in your abdomen, muscles, and joints
  • Rash
  • Vomiting and diarrhea
  • Confusion or problems with speech or hearing

Call 911 if:

  • You have seizures.
  • You cannot be awakened.
  • You have trouble breathing.

Seek care immediately if:

  • You have severe abdominal pain.

Contact your healthcare provider if:

  • You have new or worsening symptoms.
  • Your symptoms return after treatment.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Treatment for acquired CMV

may be antiviral medicine to help treat or prevent CMV infection. Or, your symptoms may go away without treatment.

Prevent the spread of acquired CMV:

Wash your hands often. Always wash your hands well after you use the toilet, diaper a child, and before you prepare or serve food. This will help prevent you from getting and spreading CMV.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Learn more about Acquired Cytomegalovirus (Ambulatory Care)

Associated drugs

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