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WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
What do I need to know about acquired cytomegalovirus (CMV)?
CMV spreads through contact with body fluids, such as blood, saliva, urine, and tears. It affects both adults and children. Most healthy people do not have symptoms and recover without knowing they are infected. CMV can be spread for months to years after someone is infected. Over time, it can become dormant (inactive) and is less likely to spread. CMV may become active again when a person's immune system becomes weak, such as with an HIV infection or an organ or bone marrow transplant.
What are possible symptoms of acquired CMV?
- Fevers for 3 or more weeks and increased fatigue
- Enlarged lymph glands or sore throat
- Blurred vision or headache
- Trouble breathing, cough, or wheezing
- Pain in your abdomen, muscles, and joints
- Vomiting and diarrhea
- Confusion or problems with speech or hearing
How is acquired CMV diagnosed and treated?
Your healthcare provider may test your blood, urine, or saliva to find out if you have CMV. You may also need other tests, depending which of your organs are affected by CMV. Your symptoms may go away without treatment. You may need antiviral medicine to help treat or prevent a CMV infection.
How can I prevent the spread of acquired CMV?
Wash your hands often. Always wash your hands well after you use the toilet, diaper a child, and before you prepare or serve food. Use soap and water every time you wash your hands. Rub your soapy hands together, lacing your fingers. Use the fingers of one hand to scrub under the nails of the other hand. Wash for at least 20 seconds. Rinse with warm, running water for several seconds. Then dry your hands with a clean towel or paper towel. Use hand sanitizer that contains alcohol if soap and water are not available. Do not touch your eyes, nose, or mouth without washing your hands first.
Call your local emergency number (911 in the US), or have someone call if:
- You have a seizure.
- You cannot be woken.
- You have trouble breathing.
When should I seek immediate care?
- You have severe abdominal pain.
When should I call my doctor?
- You have new or worsening symptoms.
- Your symptoms return after treatment.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
Care AgreementYou have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.
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