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Seizure Prevention News

Can Brain Scans Help Doctors Navigate Epilepsy Surgery?

Posted 11 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 11, 2017 – MRI scans might help doctors protect critical areas of the brain before surgery to treat epilepsy, new guidelines suggest. Scientists found the scans may be a safer and less invasive alternative to another more commonly used procedure, according to the American Academy of Neurology (AAN). When medication doesn't effectively control epilepsy, surgery may be recommended. Doctors can remove the part of the brain that triggers seizures or use certain procedures to control seizure activity. Before surgery, however, the brain must be "mapped" to ensure the regions responsible for language and memory aren't damaged during the procedure, the study authors explained. This can be done in one of the following ways, the AAN says: Functional MRI (fMRI): This brain imaging procedure measures blood flow, to detect brain activity. The Wada test: This invasive procedure, ... Read more

Related support groups: Seizures, Epilepsy, Seizure Prevention, Seizure Prophylaxis, Neurosurgery, Head Imaging

US Families Spend 1.5 Billion Hours Yearly on Kids With Special Health Needs

Posted 27 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 27, 2016 – Families in the United States spend 1.5 billion hours each year providing home health care to their chronically ill or disabled children, a new study shows. The hours of health care these parents and other family members provide would cost $36 billion if performed by home health workers who received the going rate – or $12 billion if unskilled workers receiving minimum wage were hired, said senior researcher Dr. Mark Schuster. Parents of chronically ill children are asked these days to provide "the kind of care that, if they weren't there, the system would have to provide home health care or keep the children in the hospital longer," said Schuster, chief of general pediatrics at Boston Children's Hospital. He's also a professor of pediatrics at Harvard Medical School. These time-consuming and sometimes technical health care tasks can include maintaining ... Read more

Related support groups: Seizures, Seizure Prevention, Head Injury, Muscular Dystrophy, Cystic Fibrosis, Seizure Prophylaxis, Cerebral Palsy, Head Injury with Intracranial Hemorrhage, Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness, Cystic Fibrosis with Ileus, Myotonia Congenita

'Epilepsy Gene Network' Identified in Brain

Posted 14 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 14, 2016 – Scientists say they have identified a gene network in the brain that's associated with epilepsy. Although the research is in the early stages, the investigators hope their discovery can revive interest in finding new epilepsy treatments. "Identifying groups of genes that work together, and then targeting these networks of genes, may lead to more effective treatments," said study senior author Michael Johnson. He's a professor of medicine at Imperial College London in England. "Our proof-of-concept study suggests this network biology approach could help us identify new medications for epilepsy, and the methods can also be applied to other diseases," Johnson said in a college news release. The newly discovered "epilepsy network" includes 320 genes believed to be involved in how brain cells communicate with one another. When the network malfunctions, it triggers ... Read more

Related support groups: Seizures, Epilepsy, Seizure Prevention, Seizure Prophylaxis, Status Epilepticus, West Syndrome, Diagnosis and Investigation, Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome, Head Imaging

Rare Infant Seizure Disorder Often Missed

Posted 6 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 6, 2016 – Many infants with a rare form of epilepsy known as infantile spasms aren't promptly diagnosed, and that delay can lead to devastating health consequences, new research indicates. The peculiar clusters of seizures usually strike between 4 and 12 months of age, said study researcher Dr. Shaun Hussain. He is an assistant professor of pediatrics at the University of California, Los Angeles. "It is completely different from other types of seizures," Hussain said. They last about a second. Typically, the child drops his head and jerks his arms up. Parents may not notice or might think it's nothing to worry about, the researcher said. But untreated, "infantile spasms lead to terrible outcomes," said Hussain, who's also director of the UCLA Infantile Spasms Project. These outcomes can include autism, lifelong epilepsy or mental retardation, he said. Even a delay of a ... Read more

Related support groups: Seizures, Epilepsy, Seizure Prevention, Seizure Prophylaxis, Diagnosis and Investigation

Marijuana Derivative May Curb Tough-to-Treat Epilepsy

Posted 6 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 6, 2016 – A purified oral version of a marijuana compound may help with treatment-resistant forms of epilepsy, two new clinical trials show. The researchers found that the compound, cannabidiol (CBD), helped reduce seizure frequency in children and adults with two hard-to-treat forms of epilepsy: Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. The drug is still experimental, and doctors stressed that it did not help everyone and is not a "cure." On the other hand, they called the results "very encouraging," given how difficult it is to manage the seizure disorders. "It's always a good day when we have a potential new option to offer these patients," said Dr. Amy Brooks-Kayal, a pediatric neurologist at Children's Hospital Colorado who was not involved in the research. She had another caveat, however: The CBD used in the trials is a "purified, pharmaceutical-grade" pill. ... Read more

Related support groups: Seizures, Epilepsy, Seizure Prevention, Seizure Prophylaxis, Cannabis, Status Epilepticus, Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome

When Sibling Has Epilepsy, Kids Worry

Posted 5 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 5, 2016 – Brothers and sisters of children with epilepsy tend to worry and feel protective toward them, a new study finds. "When a child has a chronic disease, it impacts the family and we wanted to learn how it affects siblings of children with epilepsy," said lead researcher Barbara Kroner. She's a senior epidemiologist at RTI International, a nonprofit research institute headquartered in North Carolina. "We found very few disapproving feelings among siblings toward their brothers and sisters with epilepsy. The negative feelings they had were more internal, showing they were sad for or worried about them," she explained in a news release from the American Epilepsy Society. For the study, researchers surveyed 61 parents of a child with epilepsy. They asked about the disorder's effect on the sibling closest in age, who had to be at least 4 years old. The study found that ... Read more

Related support groups: Klonopin, Seizures, Clonazepam, Ativan, Valium, Lorazepam, Epilepsy, Diazepam, Seizure Prevention, Seizure Prophylaxis, Klonopin Wafer, Onfi, Clobazam, West Syndrome, Diastat, Lorazepam Intensol, Valrelease, Diastat AcuDial, Diazepam Intensol, Zetran

Study Sheds Light on Safety of Driving With Epilepsy

Posted 5 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

SUNDAY, Dec. 4, 2016 – People with epilepsy who experienced longer seizures during a simulated driving test may face an increased risk for crashes while on the road, a new study suggests. About 75 percent of people with epilepsy use medication to control their seizures and are able to drive. The remainder of patients typically keep a journal of seizures, noting how long they last, and doctors use that information to determine whether patients can drive safely, the study authors explained. The new study included 16 people with epilepsy who used a driving simulator for between one to 10 hours, most for an average of three to four hours. In total, the patients had 20 seizures, seven of which resulted in "crashes." The longer the seizure, the greater the chance of a "crash." Seizures lasted an average of 75 seconds among patients who crashed and 30 seconds among those who didn't crash. The ... Read more

Related support groups: Seizures, Topamax, Epilepsy, Keppra, Topiramate, Tegretol, Dilantin, Qsymia, Seizure Prevention, Carbamazepine, Levetiracetam, Phenytoin, Tegretol XR, Seizure Prophylaxis, Valproic Acid, Carbatrol, Epitol, Keppra XR, Status Epilepticus, Depakene

11 Percent of Stroke Survivors Struggle With Epilepsy

Posted 4 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

SATURDAY, Dec. 3, 2016 – More than one in 10 stroke survivors develop epilepsy, and the greater the brain damage caused by stroke, the higher the risk of seizures, a new study reports. Epilepsy is a chronic neurological condition marked by recurrent, unprovoked seizures, muscle spasms or convulsions. Researchers analyzed data from 450 stroke survivors in the United Kingdom and found that 11 percent developed epilepsy after their stroke. The study found that those who developed epilepsy had twice the amount of brain damage as those who did not develop seizures. Those who developed epilepsy were an average of 44 years old, compared with an average age of 56 for those who did not develop epilepsy. But the study did not prove that more brain damage causes epilepsy risk to rise. Brain damage from stroke tends to be more extensive in younger people, putting them at higher risk for epilepsy, ... Read more

Related support groups: Seizures, Ischemic Stroke, Epilepsy, Seizure Prevention, Transient Ischemic Attack, Seizure Prophylaxis, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Status Epilepticus

Health Tip: Create a Safer Home for Kids With Seizures

Posted 24 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

-- If your child has epilepsy, you can take steps to reduce the risk of a seizure leading to injury. The American Academy of Pediatrics suggests: Securing padding to any object with sharp corners, such as a table or countertop. Avoiding glass tables. Getting your child a bed that is low to the floor. Making sure carpeting is non-slip, and not using throw rugs. Read more

Related support groups: Seizures, Epilepsy, Seizure Prevention, Seizure Prophylaxis

Moms' Rheumatoid Arthritis May Be Linked to Epilepsy Risk in Kids

Posted 16 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 16, 2016 – Some children born to mothers with rheumatoid arthritis may have higher-than-average odds of developing epilepsy, a new study suggests. Children born to mothers with rheumatoid arthritis were one-third more likely to develop epilepsy by age 4 than other children. The risk of epilepsy later in childhood was one-quarter higher for those born to moms with rheumatoid arthritis, the study found. But, experts stressed that the findings don't prove that a mother's rheumatoid arthritis causes epilepsy. So far, only an association has been found. And even if children of women with rheumatoid arthritis have a higher epilepsy risk than other kids do, the odds are still low. In the study of nearly 2 million children, the vast majority of those born to moms with rheumatoid arthritis did not develop epilepsy, said lead researcher Ane Lilleore Rom, of Copenhagen University ... Read more

Related support groups: Rheumatoid Arthritis, Seizures, Epilepsy, Seizure Prevention, Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis, Seizure Prophylaxis, Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis, Still's Disease, Diagnosis and Investigation, Rheumatoid Lung, Felty's Syndrome

Newer Epilepsy Drugs May Be Safer During Pregnancy

Posted 1 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 1, 2016 – Women who take the new epilepsy drugs levetiracetam and topiramate during pregnancy don't run the risk of harming their infant's mental development, British researchers report. But the commonly prescribed anti-seizure drug valproate was linked with lower IQs in children, especially when taken at higher doses, researchers say. "The treatment of epilepsy in women who are considering a pregnancy or are pregnant involves optimizing the health of the mother as well as keeping the risk to the fetus as low as possible," said lead researcher Rebecca Bromley, a research fellow at the Institute for Human Development at the University of Manchester. In the study, children exposed to levetiracetam (Keppra) or topiramate (Topamax) in the womb did not differ from children not exposed to these drugs. And they had better outcomes than the children exposed to valproate ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Seizures, Emergency Contraception, Topamax, Epilepsy, Keppra, Topiramate, Postcoital Contraception, Qsymia, Seizure Prevention, Levetiracetam, Seizure Prophylaxis, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Keppra XR, Status Epilepticus, West Syndrome, Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome, Trokendi XR, Topamax Sprinkle

Young People With Epilepsy Struggle on Many Fronts

Posted 10 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 – Children and young adults with epilepsy face an array of psychological, physical and social challenges, a new analysis reveals. Australian researchers reviewed 43 studies that included a total of more than 950 children, teens and young adults, and delved into their experiences with the seizure disorder. "Children with epilepsy feel vulnerable from a physical and a social perspective," said study author Deepak Gill. He is a pediatric neurologist who heads the Children's Comprehensive Epilepsy Service at the Children's Hospital of Westmead, in New South Wales. "One theme that came out was the loss of bodily control, and that the person during a seizure can feel physically overpowered, with worry that the seizures would lead to serious injury," Gill added. Those with epilepsy also reported feeling inferior and discriminated against. Some of the comments from the ... Read more

Related support groups: Seizures, Epilepsy, Seizure Prevention, Seizure Prophylaxis, Status Epilepticus, West Syndrome, Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome

4 Out of 5 Kids With Epilepsy Have Other Health Problems: Study

Posted 1 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 1, 2016 – Nearly 80 percent of children who have the seizure disorder epilepsy also have other health conditions, such as digestive troubles and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, a large Norwegian study finds. "Parents should be aware of the increased risk of [other] problems for their children," said study author Dr. Richard Chin. Epilepsy is a chronic seizure disorder. It is estimated that nearly 4 million people in the United States have epilepsy, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The new study included health information on more than a million Norwegian children from 2008 through 2013. About 6,600 of the children had a diagnosis of epilepsy, the researchers said. The data showed that nearly four out of five children with epilepsy had at least one other health issue. These included medical, neurological, developmental or ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Seizures, Asthma, Epilepsy, Seizure Prevention, Indigestion, Seizure Prophylaxis, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Executive Function Disorder, Reversible Airways Disease, History of Musculoskeletal Disorder

Helping a Child Manage a Chronic Illness

Posted 21 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 21, 2016 – Children and teens who feel confident handling a chronic illness on their own appear better able to learn to manage their health as adults, a new study finds. The University of North Carolina investigators concluded that kids who believe their health is controlled by adults or by chance may not develop the health self-management skills they will need as adults. This could put them at increased risk for health problems. The study included 163 youngsters, aged 6 to 17, attending a camp for young people with chronic diseases. Researchers asked the participants whether they felt they had control over their health. The researchers also assessed whether the children took medications as prescribed and their readiness to transition to adult care. Feeling confident about managing their own health and being ready to transition to adult care likely indicate that ... Read more

Related support groups: Seizures, Asthma, Epilepsy, Seizure Prevention, Asthma - Maintenance, Diabetes, Type 1, Asthma - Acute, Seizure Prophylaxis, Allergic Asthma, Reversible Airways Disease, Reversible Airways Disease - Maintenance

Epilepsy May Triple ADHD Risk, Danish Study Finds

Posted 13 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 13, 2016 – Children who suffer from epilepsy or fever-related seizures may face a higher risk of also having attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), new Danish research suggests. The findings echo those of some previous research. But, U.S. experts said the new study is notable because of the large number of study participants – nearly 1 million – and the length of follow-up, which was up to 22 years. The study looked at children born in Denmark from 1990 through 2007, tracking them until 2012. The investigators found those with epilepsy seemed to have nearly three times the risk of developing ADHD compared to children without epilepsy. And children who had fever-related seizures appeared to have an almost 30 percent increased risk of ADHD. Children with both epilepsy and fever-related seizures had a risk of ADHD more than three times higher than those without ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Seizures, Fever, Epilepsy, Seizure Prevention, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Seizure Prophylaxis, Executive Function Disorder

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