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Gastrointestinal Disorders News

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Health Highlights: Oct. 29, 2016

Posted 30 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

Here are some of the latest health and medical news developments, compiled by the editors of HealthDay: First Baby With Zika-Linked Microcephaly Born in Puerto Rico The first baby born with Zika-linked microcephaly has been born in Puerto Rico, health officials there said Friday. Born within the past two weeks, the newborn suffered severe birth defects and is still in the hospital, the Associated Press reported. Microcephaly, a birth defect where a baby is born with an abnormally small head and underdeveloped brain, was not detected in the fetus until the eighth month of pregnancy. The infant also has hearing and vision problems, Dr. Ana Rius, Puerto Rico's Secretary of Health, told the wire service. Authorities are investigating why the case was identified so late although the mother showed Zika symptoms in the first trimester of her pregnancy, Rius told the AP. She added that the ... Read more

Related support groups: Diarrhea, Gas, Gastrointestinal Disorders, Ovarian Cancer, Zika Virus Infection

The Scoop About Healthy Poop

Posted 25 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 25, 2016 – Your bowel movements can offer important clues about your health, a doctor says. If bowel movements feel comfortable, then it's likely all is well, said Dr. Gabriel Neal, a family medicine doctor and clinical assistant professor at Texas A&M College of Medicine. "Normal bowel movements are relatively soft but dense. They should be any shade of brown or green," Neal said in a college news release. Viruses and bacteria in the intestinal tract can cause stool discoloration, diarrhea or blood in the stool. The color of the blood can help your doctor pinpoint the location of the infection. "If an infection is in the lower intestines or colon, then the blood in your stool is going to be red. If you find black blood, then the blood has oxidized and is from higher up in your digestive tract, such as the stomach or upper intestines," Neal said. People with gallbladder ... Read more

Related support groups: Diarrhea, Constipation, Crohn's Disease, Constipation - Chronic, Gastrointestinal Disorders, Gallbladder Disease, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Constipation - Acute, Diarrhea, Chronic, Diarrhea, Acute, Infectious Diarrhea

Number of Americans on Gluten-Free Diet Tripled in 5 Years

Posted 6 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 6, 2016 – Gluten-free diets seem to be the latest fad, yet the number of people being diagnosed with celiac disease hasn't budged, new research shows. Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder, in which foods containing gluten trigger the immune system to attack and damage the small intestine, according to the Celiac Disease Foundation. Gluten is a protein found naturally in grains like wheat, barley and rye. People with celiac disease have no choice but to avoid gluten in their diet. If they don't, their small intestine is damaged every time they eat something with gluten. Gluten-free diets also appear to have become a trendy way to address any sort of gastrointestinal problem, said lead author Dr. Hyun-seok Kim, an internal medicine resident at the Rutgers New Jersey Medical School in Newark, N.J. "People may have a gluten sensitivity or non-specific gastrointestinal ... Read more

Related support groups: Allergic Reactions, Allergies, Celiac Disease, Gastrointestinal Disorders

Patients May Quickly Lose Beneficial Gut Bacteria in the ICU

Posted 31 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31, 2016 – Intensive care patients have a significant loss of helpful gut bacteria within days of entering the hospital, a new study finds. These bacteria help keep people well. Losing them puts patients at risk for hospital-acquired infections that may lead to sepsis, organ failure and even death, according to the researchers. For the study, the investigators analyzed gut bacteria from 115 intensive care unit (ICU) patients at four hospitals in the United States and Canada. Measurements were taken 48 hours after admission and after either 10 days in the ICU or leaving the hospital. Compared with healthy people, the ICU patients had lower levels of helpful bacteria and higher levels of potentially harmful bacteria, the findings showed. "The results were what we feared them to be. We saw a massive depletion of normal, health-promoting species," study leader Dr. Paul ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Gastrointestinal Disorders, Sepsis, Organ Transplant, Septicemia, Wound Sepsis

Is Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity Real?

Posted 29 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 29, 2016, – Gluten sensitivity appears to be a real medical problem, and not a figment of the popular imagination conjured up by the gluten-free craze, a new study contends. Some people suffer changes within their bodies after eating gluten that are separate and distinct from those that accompany either celiac disease or wheat allergy, researchers report. "We don't know what is triggering this response, but this study is the first to show that there are clear biological changes in these individuals," said senior researcher Armin Alaedini. He is an assistant professor of medicine at Columbia University in New York City. "Based on our findings, we hope there would be greater recognition of this condition. This is a real condition. There are individuals who may not have celiac disease or wheat allergy, but still have a sensitivity to wheat," Alaedini said. People with ... Read more

Related support groups: Diarrhea, Allergic Reactions, Allergies, Gas, Abdominal Distension, Dietary Supplementation, Celiac Disease, Gastrointestinal Disorders

Did Your Gut Bacteria Evolve Over Millions of Years?

Posted 21 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 21, 2016 – Some human gut bacteria may have existed for millions of years – since before the evolution of people, scientists report. Their findings suggest evolution has had a greater impact on human gut bacteria than previously known, said study co-leader Howard Ochman, a professor of integrative biology at the University of Texas at Austin. "It's surprising that our gut microbes, which we could get from many sources in the environment, have actually been co-evolving inside us for such a long time," Ochman said in a university news release. The researchers analyzed the genes of three groups of gut bacteria. These bacteria play a role in intestinal development, train the immune system to fight dangerous germs, and may also affect mood and behavior, the study authors said. The three groups of gut bacteria reportedly account for more than 20 percent of the gut microbiome. ... Read more

Related support groups: Gastrointestinal Disorders, Acidophilus, Florastor, Lactobacillus Acidophilus, VSL#3, Lactinex, Flora-Q, Floranex, Saccharomyces Boulardii Lyo, Bio-K+, Florajen, Flora-Q 2, Restora, Bacid, Probiotic Formula, Florajen3, BD Lactinex, Lactobacillus Acidophilus/lactobacillus Casei/lactobacillus Rhamnosus, Gerber Soothe, Major Brewers Yeast

Gut Bacteria May Hold Clues to Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Posted 15 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 15, 2016 – Chronic fatigue syndrome – a condition that continues to baffle doctors – may be influenced by a person's intestinal bacteria – sometimes called gut microbiome, new research finds. "Patients with chronic fatigue syndrome have a different profile of bacterial species in their gut microbiome than healthy individuals," said the study's senior author, Maureen Hanson. She's a professor of molecular biology and genetics at Cornell University, in Ithaca, N.Y. In the small study, she and her colleagues found that people with chronic fatigue syndrome had less diversity or different types of bacteria, compared to healthy people without chronic fatigue syndrome. People with chronic fatigue syndrome also had more species of bacteria that promote inflammation and fewer bacteria that dampen inflammation, the researchers found. The new findings provide evidence to refute ... Read more

Related support groups: Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS), Gastrointestinal Disorders, Acidophilus, Florastor, Lactobacillus Acidophilus, Lactinex, Flora-Q, VSL#3, Floranex, Probiotic Formula, Florajen3, Flora-Q 2, Bacid, Saccharomyces Boulardii Lyo, Bio-K+, Florajen, Restora, Bacillus Coagulans/inulin, BD Lactinex, Brewer's Yeast

Antidepressants Not Just for Depression Any More

Posted 24 May 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 24, 2016 – Doctors prescribe antidepressants for a wide range of medical problems other than depression, apparently fueling the boom in sales of these medications, researchers report. Depression accounts for only a little more than half the antidepressant prescriptions issued by Quebec physicians during the past decade, the Canadian study found. Doctors also issued antidepressants to treat anxiety, insomnia, chronic pain, panic disorders, fibromyalgia, migraine, obsessive-compulsive disorders, and a host of other "off-label" conditions for which the drugs are not approved, according to the report. Two out of every three non-depression prescriptions for antidepressants were handed out under an off-label purpose, the findings showed. "The thing that's of concern here is that when prescribing for conditions other than depression, often these are for indications such as ... Read more

Related support groups: Pain, Anxiety, Depression, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Headache, Sleep Disorders, Anxiety and Stress, Insomnia, Fibromyalgia, Panic Disorder, Wellbutrin, Lexapro, Zoloft, Migraine, Cymbalta, Prozac, Chronic Pain, Effexor, Celexa, Trazodone

DNA May Affect What Bugs Reside in Your Gut

Posted 11 May 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 11, 2016 – At least some of the microbes that live in your gut may be influenced by your genes, a new study finds. "We set out to find out about human genes that are implicated in the regulation of the gut microbiome, and we found some that are," said senior study author Ruth Ley, an associate professor in the department of microbiology at Cornell University, in Ithaca, N.Y. For example, the researchers found a link between the LCT gene – involved in making the enzyme that helps the body digest dairy products – and a type of microorganism called Bifidobacterium, which is commonly used in probiotics. "Based on our research, we identified more than a dozen microbes with known links to health that are heritable," Ley said. "These microorganisms are environmentally acquired, but the genome also plays a part – by determining which microorganisms are more dominant than ... Read more

Related support groups: Diarrhea, Constipation, Gas, Gastrointestinal Disorders, Duodenitis/Gastritis, VSL#3, Florajen3, Probiotic Formula, Gastric Motility Disorder, VLS#3, Bifidobacterium Infantis/lactobacillus Acidophilus, ReZyst IM, Bifidobacterium Infantis, Healthy Colon, Align, VSL#3 DS, Provella

Could a Low-Risk Surgery Help Your Chronic Heartburn?

Posted 30 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 29, 2016 – A minimally invasive surgery to treat chronic heartburn is safer than generally believed, and could be a desirable alternative to long-term use of acid reflux medications, new research indicates. Scientists found the death rate following so-called laparoscopic fundoplication surgery for gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, was far lower than the 1 percent often quoted. Experts contended the surgery might be underutilized, especially in light of increasing safety concerns about acid reflux drugs. "One of the main arguments against surgery when choosing between [drug] and surgical treatment for severe GERD is the risk of mortality," said study author Dr. John Maret-Ouda. He is a physician and doctoral student in upper gastrointestinal surgery at the Karolinska Institute in Sweden. But, "this study found only one death associated with [this surgery] among ... Read more

Related support groups: GERD, Indigestion, Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal Disorders, Barrett's Esophagus, Duodenitis/Gastritis, Gastric Bypass Surgery, Gastrointestinal Surgery, Erosive Gastritis, Duodenitis/Gastritis with Hemorrhage, Hypersecretory Conditions

Smoking Triggers Big Changes in Mouth Bacteria, Study Finds

Posted 29 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 29, 2016 – Smoking can dramatically change the balance of bacterial species in the mouth, which may affect the risk of mouth, lung and digestive system diseases, a new study says. The research also found that the proper mix of bacteria in the mouth is restored if people quit smoking. Researchers analyzed the mix of about 600 bacterial species in the mouths (oral microbiome) of more than 1,200 Americans. All were 50 or older. The group included smokers, former smokers and people who never smoked. Current smokers had significantly increased growth of more than 150 bacterial species, while 70 other species showed sharp decreases in growth. For example, Proteobacteria species accounted for less than 5 percent of overall bacteria in the mouths of smokers, compared with about 12 percent in nonsmokers, the researchers reported. Proteobacteria help break down toxic chemicals ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Nicotine, Gastrointestinal Disorders, Nicorette, Nicoderm CQ, Nicotrol Inhaler, Commit, Habitrol, Nicotrol TD, Nicorelief, Nicorette DS, Nicotrol NS, ProStep

Stomach Troubles Not Linked to Autism, Study Finds

Posted 15 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 14, 2016 – Children with autism are not at higher risk for certain digestive system problems than those without the neurodevelopmental disorder, a small study suggests. The researchers focused on gastrointestinal disorders that previous studies suggested might be linked to autism. These include intestinal inflammation; deficiency of the digestive enzyme lactase, associated with lactose intolerance; and increased intestinal permeability, often called "leaky gut." The results showed that the children with autism were no more likely to have these conditions than typically developing kids. The research was published recently in the Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition. "The results of this study suggest that common gastrointestinal problems occur in children with autism and should be evaluated," Dr. Timothy Buie, MassGeneral Hospital for Children, Boston, and ... Read more

Related support groups: Diarrhea, Constipation, Autism, Gastrointestinal Disorders, Asperger Syndrome, Acute Abdomen

Rate of Severe Stomach Birth Defect Doubled Over Two Decades: CDC

Posted 22 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 21, 2016 – A birth defect involving the stomach called gastroschisis has been increasing among U.S. infants for decades and more than doubled over 18 years, federal health officials report. Babies with gastroschisis have a hole in the stomach wall at birth through which the intestines, and sometimes other organs such as the liver, protrude. The condition requires immediate surgery. Most babies do well after the operation, experts from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said. "We don't know why gastroschisis is increasing," said Suzanne Gilboa, team leader and an epidemiologist in the CDC's National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities. Despite the increase, the disorder is still rare. About 2,000 babies in the United States are born each year with gastroschisis, the CDC said. What causes the condition isn't known, Gilboa said. However, ... Read more

Related support groups: Gastrointestinal Disorders

Frozen as Good as Fresh for Fecal Transplant: Study

Posted 12 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 12, 2016 – Researchers say they have verified the effectiveness of a quicker way to rid people of recurring C. difficile bacterial infection. A new clinical trial has shown that frozen stool samples work just as well as freshly donated samples when treating a tough C. difficile infection through a procedure called fecal transplantation. Doctors have used frozen stool samples to treat C. difficile for a couple of years, because the prepackaged samples allow for much easier and swifter treatment than identifying and screening a fresh donor, said lead author Dr. Christine Lee, director of the microbiology residency program at McMaster University in Ontario, Canada. "Donor screening can take one to two weeks," Lee said. "If a person requires fecal transplant right away, then that's not possible." The clinical trial showed that patients do not pay a price for the convenience ... Read more

Related support groups: Diarrhea, Gastrointestinal Disorders, Bowel Preparation, Diarrhea, Chronic, Clostridial Infection, Diagnosis and Investigation, Diarrhea, Acute, Fecal Incontinence

Health Tip: Should I Talk to my Doctor About Gas?

Posted 10 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

-- While everyone has intestinal gas, some people have severe bloating that causes discomfort and other problems. The Mayo Clinic mentions these warning signs that you may need to see a doctor: Intestinal gas that is persistent and severe. Intestinal gas that occurs with vomiting. Long-term diarrhea, bloody stool or constipation. Weight loss for no apparent reason. Heartburn. Read more

Related support groups: GERD, Diarrhea, Constipation, Weight Loss, Gas, Abdominal Distension, Colitis, Indigestion, Constipation - Chronic, Hemorrhoids, Gastrointestinal Disorders, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Duodenitis/Gastritis, Constipation - Acute, Diarrhea, Chronic, Anal Fissure and Fistula, Diarrhea, Acute, Infectious Diarrhea, Functional Gastric Disorder, Acute Abdomen

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Nausea / Vomiting, Constipation, Indigestion, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Stomach Ulcer, Gastric Ulcer, Diarrhea, Duodenal Ulcer, Gas, view more... Hemorrhoids, Anal Itching, Hiatal Hernia, Gastroenteritis, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Lactose Intolerance, Peptic Ulcer, Ascites, Gastrointestinal Diverticula, Dumping Syndrome, Intraabdominal Infection, Gallbladder Disease, Abdominal Distension, Pancreatitis, Dysphagia, Functional Gastric Disorder, Anal Fissure and Fistula, Gastrointestinal Decontamination, Mucositis, Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage, Abdominal Adhesions, Inguinal Hernia, Small Bowel Bacterial Overgrowth, Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor, Malabsorption Syndrome, Intestinal Obstruction, Incisional Hernia, Gastric Motility Disorder, Fecal Incontinence, Closure of Colostomy, Small Bowel or Pancreatic Fistula, Esophageal Disease, Colonic Ulceration, Gastrointestinal Obstruction, Colitis, Gastrointestinal Perforation, Acute Abdomen, Fructose Intolerance, Postoperative Ileus, Intestinal Anastomoses, Achlorhydria