In chemistry, hydrochlorides are salts resulting, or regarded as resulting, from the reaction of hydrochloric acid with an organic base (mostly amines). An archaic alternative name for "hydrochloride" is muriate, derived from hydrochloric acid's ancient name: muriatic acid.
Converting insoluble amines into hydrochlorides is a common way to make them water-soluble. This is particularly desirable for substances used in medications.
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