PROGRAF 1 MG CAPSULES
Active substance(s): TACROLIMUS
PATIENT INFORMATION LEAFLET
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine
because it contains important information for you.
- Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
- If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
- This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to
others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as
- If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes
any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
Your medicine is available using the above name but will be referred to as
Prograf throughout this leaflet.
Other strengths are available. This leaflet also contains information
regarding other strengths of Prograf.
What is in this leaflet:
1. What Prograf is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you take Prograf
3. How to take Prograf
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Prograf
6. Contents of the pack and other information
1. WHAT PROGRAF IS AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR
Prograf belongs to a group of medicines called immunosuppressants.
Following your organ transplant (e.g. liver, kidney, heart), your body’s
immune system will try to reject the new organ. Prograf is used to control
your body’s immune response enabling your body to accept the
Prograf is often used in combination with other medicines that also suppress
the immune system.
You may also be given Prograf for an ongoing rejection of your transplanted
liver, kidney, heart or other organ or if any previous treatment you were
taking was unable to control this immune response after your
2. WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW BEFORE YOU TAKE PROGRAF
Do not take Prograf
- If you are allergic (hypersensitive) to tacrolimus or any of the other
ingredients of Prograf (listed in section 6).
- If you are allergic (hypersensitive) to any antibiotic belonging to the
subgroup of macrolide antibiotics (e.g. erythromycin, clarithromycin,
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Prograf
- You will need to take Prograf every day as long as you need
immunosuppression to prevent rejection of your transplanted organ. You
should keep in regular contact with your doctor.
- Whilst you are taking Prograf your doctor may want to carry out a number
of tests (including blood, urine, heart function, visual and neurological
tests) from time to time. This is quite normal and will help your doctor to
decide on the most appropriate dose of Prograf for you.
- Please avoid taking any herbal remedies, e.g. St. John’s wort (Hypericum
perforatum) or any other herbal products as this may affect the
effectiveness and the dose of Prograf that you need to receive. If in doubt
please consult your doctor prior to taking any herbal products or remedies.
- If you have liver problems or have had a disease, which may have
affected your liver, please tell your doctor as this may affect the dose of
Prograf that you receive.
- If you feel strong abdominal pain accompanied or not with other
symptoms, such as chills, fever, nausea or vomiting.
- If you have diarrhoea for more than one day, please tell your doctor,
because it might be necessary to adapt the dose of Prograf that you
- If you have an alteration of the electrical activity of your heart called “QT
- Limit your exposure to sunlight and UV light whilst taking Prograf by
wearing appropriate protective clothing and using a sunscreen with a high
sun protection factor. This is because of the potential risk of malignant
skin changes with immunosuppressive therapy.
- If you need to have any vaccinations, please inform your doctor
beforehand. Your doctor will advise you on the best course of action.
- Patients treated with Prograf have been reported to have an increased
risk of developing lymphoproliferative disorders (see section 4). Ask your
doctor for specific advice on these disorders.
Other medicines and Prograf
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might
take any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a
prescription and herbal remedies.
Prograf must not be taken with ciclosporin.
Prograf blood levels can be affected by other medicines you take, and blood
levels of other medicines can be affected by taking Prograf which may
require interruption, an increase or a decrease in Prograf dose. In particular,
you should tell your doctor if you are taking or have recently taken
medicines with active substances like:
- antifungal medicines and antibiotics (particularly so-called macrolide
antibiotics) used to treat infections e.g. ketoconazole, fluconazole,
itraconazole, voriconazole, clotrimazole, erythromycin, clarithromycin,
josamycin, and rifampicin
- HIV protease inhibitors (e.g. ritonavir, nelfinavir, saquinavir), used to treat
- HCV protease inhibitors (e.g. telaprevir, boceprevir), used to treat hepatitis
- medicines for stomach ulcer and acid reflux (e.g. omeprazole,
lansoprazole or cimetidine)
- antiemetics, used to treat nausea and vomiting (e.g. metoclopramide)
- magnesium-aluminium-hydroxide (antacid), used to treat heartburn
- hormone treatments with ethinylestradiol (e.g. the oral contraceptive pill)
- medicines for high blood pressure or heart problems such as nifedipine,
nicardipine, diltiazem and verapamil
- anti-arrhythmic medicines (amiodarone) used to control arrhythmia
(uneven beating of the heart)
- medicines known as “statins” used to treat elevated cholesterol and
- the anti-epileptic medicines phenytoin or phenobarbital
- the corticosteroids prednisolone and methylprednisolone
- the anti-depressant nefazodone
- herbal preparations containing St. John’s Wort (Hypericum perforatum)or
extracts of Schisandra sphenanthera.
Tell your doctor if you are taking or need to take ibuprofen, amphotericin B,
or antivirals (e.g. aciclovir). These may worsen kidney or nervous system
problems when taken together with Prograf.
Your doctor also needs to know if you are taking potassium supplements or
potassium-sparing diuretics (e.g., amiloride, triamterene, or spironolactone),
certain pain killers (so-called NSAIDs, e.g. ibuprofen), anticoagulants, or
oral medication for diabetic treatment, while you take Prograf.
If you need to have any vaccinations, please inform your doctor beforehand.
Prograf with food and drink
You should generally take Prograf on an empty stomach or at least 1 hour
before or 2 to 3 hours after a meal. Grapefruit and grapefruit juice should be
avoided while taking Prograf.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are
planning to have a baby, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before
taking this medicine.
Prograf is excreted into breast milk. Therefore you should not breast-feed
whilst receiving Prograf.
Driving and using machines
Do not drive or use any tools or machines if you feel dizzy or sleepy, or have
problems seeing clearly after taking Prograf. These effects are more
frequently observed if Prograf is taken in conjunction with alcohol use.
Prograf contains lactose and lecithin (soya)
Prograf contains lactose. If you have been told by your doctor that you have
an intolerance to some sugars, contact your doctor before taking this
The printing ink used on Prograf capsules 0.5 mg and 1 mg contains soya
lecithin. If you are allergic to peanut or soya, talk to your doctor to determine
whether you should use this medicine.
3. HOW TO TAKE PROGRAF
Always take Prograf exactly as your doctor has told you. You should check
with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
Make sure that you receive the same tacrolimus medicine every time you
collect your prescription, unless your transplant specialist has agreed to
change to a different tacrolimus medicine.
This medicine should be taken twice a day. If the appearance of this
medicine is not the same as usual, or if dosage instructions have changed,
speak to your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible to make sure that
you have the right medicine.
The starting dose to prevent the rejection of your transplanted organ will be
determined by your doctor calculated according to your body weight. Initial
doses just after transplantation will generally be in the range of
0.075 – 0.30 mg per kg body weight per day
depending on the transplanted organ.
Your dose depends on your general condition and on which other
immunosuppressive medication you are taking. Regular blood tests by your
doctor will be required to define the correct dose and to adjust the dose from
time to time. Your doctor will usually reduce your Prograf dose once your
condition has stabilised. Your doctor will tell you exactly how many capsules
to take and how often.
Prograf is taken orally twice daily, usually in the morning and evening. You
should generally take Prograf on an empty stomach or at least 1 hour before
or 2 to 3 hours after the meal. The capsules should be swallowed whole with
a glass of water. Take the capsules immediately following removal from the
blister. Avoid grapefruit and grapefruit juice while taking Prograf. Do not
swallow the desiccant contained in the foil wrapper.
If you take more Prograf than you should
If you have accidentally taken too much Prograf see your doctor or contact
your nearest hospital emergency department immediately.
If you forget to take Prograf
Do not take a double dose to make up for forgotten individual doses.
If you have forgotten to take your Prograf capsules, wait until it is time for
the next dose, and then continue as before.
If you stop taking Prograf
Stopping your treatment with Prograf may increase the risk of rejection of
your transplanted organ. Do not stop your treatment unless your doctor tells
you to do so.
If you have any further questions on the use of this product, ask your doctor
4. POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
Like all medicines, Prograf can cause side effects, although not everybody
Prograf reduces your body’s own defence mechanism to stop you rejecting
your transplanted organ. Consequently, your body will not be as good as
usual at fighting infections. So if you are taking Prograf you may therefore
catch more infections than usual such as infections of the skin, mouth,
stomach and intestines, lungs and urinary tract.
Severe side effects may occur, including the ones listed below. Tell your
doctor immediately if you have or suspect you may have any of the following
serious side effects:
- Opportunistic infections (bacterial, fungal, viral and protozoal): prolonged
diarrhea, fever and sore throat.
- Benign and malignant tumours have been reported following treatment as
a result of immunosuppression.
- Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (or TTP) a condition characterised
by fever and bruising under the skin that may appear as red pinpoint dots,
with or without unexplained extreme tiredness, confusion, yellowing of the
skin or eyes (jaundice), with symptoms of acute renal failure (low or no
- Cases of pure red cell aplasia (a very severe reduction in red blood cell
counts) and haemolytic anaemia (decreased number of red blood cells
due to abnormal breakdown accompanied with tiredness) have been
reported. You may have no symptoms or depending on the severity of the
condition, you may feel: fatigue, apathy, abnormal paleness of the skin
(pallor), shortness of breath, dizziness, headache, chest pain and
coldness in hands and feet.
- Cases of agranulocytosis (a severely lowered number of white blood cells
accompanied with ulcers in the mouth, fever and infection(s)). You may
have no symptoms or you may feel sudden fever, rigors and sore throat.
- Allergic and anaphylactic reactions with the following symptoms: a sudden
itchy rash (hives), swelling of hands, feet, ankle, face, lips, mouth or throat
(which may cause difficulty in swallowing or breathing) and you may feel
you are going to faint.
- Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES): headache,
altered mental status, seizures, and visual disturbances.
- Torsades de Pointes: change in the heart frequency that can be
accompanied or not by symptoms, such as chest pain (angina), faint,
vertigo or nausea, palpitations (feeling the heartbeat) and difficulty
- Gastrointestinal perforation: strong abdominal pain accompanied or not
with other symptoms, such as chills, fever, nausea or vomiting.
- Stevens-Johnson syndrome: unexplained widespread skin pain, facial
swelling, serious illness with blistering of skin, mouth, eyes and genitals,
hives, tongue swelling, red or purple skin rash that spreads, skin
- Toxic epidermal necrolysis: erosion and blistering of skin or mucous
membranes, red swollen skin that can detach in large parts of the body.
- Haemolytic uraemic syndrome, a condition with the following symptoms:
low or no urine output (acute renal failure), extreme tiredness, yellowing of
the skin or eyes (jaudince) and abnormal bruising or bleeding and signs of
- Insufficient function of your transplanted organ
The side effects listed below may also occur after receiving Prograf:
Very common side effects (may affect more than 1 in 10 people):
- Increased blood sugar, diabetes mellitus, increased potassium in the
- Difficulty in sleeping
- Trembling, headache
- Increased blood pressure
- Diarrhoea, nausea
- Kidney problems
Common side effects (may affect up to 1 in 10 people):
- Reduced magnesium, phosphate, potassium, calcium or sodium in the
blood, fluid overload, increased uric acid or lipids in the blood, decreased
appetite, increased acidity of the blood, other changes in the blood salts
- Anxiety symptoms, confusion and disorientation, depression, mood
changes, nightmare, hallucination, mental disorders
- Fits, disturbances in consciousness, tingling and numbness (sometimes
painful) in the hands and feet, dizziness, impaired writing ability, nervous
- Blurred vision, increased sensitivity to light, eye disorders
- Ringing sound in your ears
- Reduced blood flow in the heart vessels, faster heartbeat
- Bleeding, partial or complete blocking of blood vessels, reduced blood
- Shortness in breath, changes in the lung tissue, collection of liquid around
the lung, inflammation of the pharynx, cough, flu-like symptoms
- Inflammations or ulcers causing abdominal pain or diarrhoea, bleeds in
the stomach, inflammations or ulcers in the mouth, collection of fluid in the
belly, vomiting, abdominal pains, indigestion, constipation, flatulence,
bloating, loose stools, stomach problems
- Changes in liver enzymes and function, yellowing of the skin due to liver
problems, liver tissue damage and inflammation of the liver
- Itching, rash, hair loss, acne, increased sweating
- Pain in joints, limbs or back, muscle spasms
- Insufficient function of the kidneys, reduced production of urine, impaired
or painful urination
- General weakness, fever, collection of fluid in your body, pain and
discomfort, increase of the enzyme alkaline phosphatase in your blood,
weight gain, feeling of temperature disturbed
Uncommon side effects (may affect up to 1 in 100 people):
- Changes in blood clotting, reduction in all blood cell counts
- Dehydration, reduced protein or sugar in the blood, increased phosphate
in the blood
- Coma, bleeding in the brain, stroke, paralysis, brain disorder, speech and
language abnormalities, memory problems
- Blurring of the vision due to abnormality in the lens of the eye
- Impaired hearing
- Irregular heartbeat, stop of heartbeat, reduced performance of your heart,
disorder of the heart muscle, enlargement of the heart muscle, stronger
heartbeat, abnormal ECG, heart rate and pulse abnormal
- Blood clot in a vein of a limb, shock
- Difficulties in breathing, respiratory tract disorders, asthma
- Obstruction of the gut, increased blood level of the enzyme amylase,
reflux of stomach content in your throat, delayed emptying of the stomach
- Dermatitis, burning sensation in the sunlight
- Joint disorders
- Inability to urinate, painful menstruation and abnormal menstrual bleeding
- Failure of some organs, influenza like illness, increased sensitivity to heat
and cold, feeling of pressure on your chest, jittery or abnormal feeling,
increase of the enzyme lactate dehydrogenase in your blood, weight loss
Rare side effects (may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people):
- Small bleeds in your skin due to blood clots
- Increased muscle stiffness
- Collection of fluid around the heart
- Acute breathlessness
- Cyst formation in your pancreas
- Problems with blood flow in the liver
- Increased hairiness
- Thirst, fall, feeling of tightness in your chest, decreased mobility, ulcer
Very rare side effects (may affect up to 1 in 10,000 people):
- Muscular weakness
- Echocardiogram abnormal
- Liver failure, narrowing of the bile vessel
- Painful urination with blood in the urine
- Increase of fat tissue
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes
any side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects
directly via the Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard.
By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the
safety of this medicine.
5. HOW TO STORE PROGRAF
- Keep out of the sight and reach of children.
- Take the hard capsules immediately following removal from the blister
- Do not use Prograf after the expiry date which is stated on the carton.
The expiry date refers to the last day of that month. Use all the capsules
within 1 year after opening the aluminium wrapping.
- Store in the original package. Protect from moisture
- If your capsules become discoloured or show any other signs of
deterioration, consult a pharmacist who will advise you what to do.
- If your doctor tells you to stop taking this medicine, return any unused
capsules to your doctor for safe disposal. Only keep the capsules if your
doctor tells you to.
6. FURTHER INFORMATION
What Prograf contains
- Each Prograf 1 mg capsule contains 1 mg of the active ingredient
- The other ingredients are: hypromellose, croscarmellose sodium, lactose
monohydrate, magnesium stearate
Capsule shell contains - titanium dioxide E171, gelatin.
Printing ink contains - shellac, lecithin soya, hyprolose, simeticone, red iron
oxide (E 172).
What Prograf looks like and contents of the pack
Prograf 1 mg capsules are small, opaque white, hard gelatin capsules
imprinted in red ink with “1mg” twice on the cap and “[f]617” twice on the body.
These are available in blister strips in a sealed aluminium pouch packed in a
cardboard carton of 30 capsules. The pouch also contains a desiccant. Do not
MANUFACTURER AND PRODUCT LICENCE HOLDER
Prograf is manufactured by Astellas Ireland Co. Ltd, Killorglin, County Kerry,
Ireland and procured from within the EU and repackaged by product licence
holder: P.I.E. Pharma Ltd., 207 Kenton road, Harrow, Middlesex HA3 0HD.
Leaflet revision and issue date (Ref.) 07.12.15
Prograf is a trademark of Astellas Pharma Inc. Japan
Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency
Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.