LIPOFUNDIN MCT/LCT 20% EMULSION FOR INFUSION
Active substance(s): MEDIUM CHAIN TRIGLYCERIDES / SOYA BEAN OIL
PACKAGE LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR THE USER
B. Braun Melsungen AG · 34209 Melsungen, Germany
Lipofundin MCT/LCT 20 %
Emulsion for Infusion
Soya-bean oil, medium-chain triglycerides
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start using this medicine.
- Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
- If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
- This medicine has been prescribed for you. Do not pass it on to others. It
may harm them, even if their symptoms are the same as yours.
- If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects
not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.
In this leaflet:
1. What Lipofundin MCT/LCT 20 % is and what it is used for
2. Before you use Lipofundin MCT/LCT 20 %
3. How to use Lipofundin MCT/LCT 20 %
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Lipofundin MCT/LCT 20 %
6. Further information
1. WHAT LIPOFUNDIN MCT/LCT 20 % IS AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR
Lipofundin is a milky white, sterile emulsion. Lipofundin is used to provide
fat, including essential fatty acids to patients needing to be fed intravenously (through a small tube placed into a vein) because they are unable
to eat food normally or the normal intake is not enough.
The oils contained in Lipofundin are foodstuffs and they act as sources of
energy and provide an essential nutrient, the essential fatty acids.
2. BEFORE YOU USE LIPOFUNDIN MCT/LCT 20 %
Do not use Lipofundin MCT/LCT 20 % if you have:
• an allergy (hypersensitivity) to eggs or soya-bean protein or to any of
the ingredients of the emulsion.
• severe hyperlipidemia (high levels of fat substances in the blood)
• severe blood coagulation disorders (conditions where the blood does not
• intrahepatic cholestasis (a condition where the flow of bile is impaired)
• severe liver failure
• severe kidney failure and are not receiving dialysis treatment.
• acute heart infarction (heart attack) or stroke
• acute blockage of blood vessels by blood clots or fat drops (acute
thrombo-embolism, fat embolism)
• Severely impaired blood circulation, accompanied by massive impairment of heart function, breathing, kidney and liver function, i.e.
states of collapse or shock
• Unstable metabolism because of severe injury, diabetes mellitus,
severe sepsis (infection involving the whole body) and acidosis (where
the blood is too acidic)
• Unconsciousness (coma) caused by a special metabolic abnormality
• Coma of unknown origin
• Hypotonic dehydration (too little water and too little salt in the body)
• Hypokalaemia (abnormally low potassium levels in the blood)
Patients must not receive infusion therapy if one or more of the following
conditions are present:
• Acute pulmonary oedema (accumulation of fluid in the lungs)
• Hyperhydration (too much water in the body)
• Decompensated cardiac insufficiency (heart failure)
Take special care with Lipofundin MCT/LCT 20 %:
Before this product is given to you, your doctor will check whether or not
you have one or more of the following conditions, in which the body may
not be able to use fat correctly:
• diabetes mellitus
• inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis)
• impaired liver or kidney function
• lung disease
• sepsis (infection involving the whole body)
• underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism)
If you have any of these conditions, Lipofundin MCT/LCT 20 % will only be
administered if clearly needed and special care will be taken to make sure
this product will not be harmful to you.
Because of the risk of allergic reactions, you should be monitored closely
during beginning of the infusion. If there is any sign of allergic reaction,
e. g. fever, shivering, rash or dyspnoea (shortness of breath), the infusion should be discontinued.
Taking other medicines:
Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently
taken any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding:
Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine.
The safety of use of Lipofundin MCT/LCT 20 % during pregnancy and lactation has not definitely been established. You will receive this medicine
only if the doctor considers it absolutely necessary to save your life or to
prevent any serious injury from occurring.
Consideration should be given to stopping breast-feeding temporarily
while under treatment with Lipofundin MCT/LCT 20 %.
Driving and using machines:
The conditions for which Lipofundin MCT/LCT 20 % is intended for use will
normally exclude driving and using machines.
3 HOW TO USE LIPOFUNDIN MCT/LCT 20 %
This medicine will be administered to you by a doctor or healthcare professional
It will be given by an intravenous drip as part of a feeding programme. The
amount (dose) and the drop (or infusion) rate of the fat emulsion will be
decided by your doctor. The daily doses will be adjusted to your needs and
Lipofundin infusions will not be given alone but always together with sufficient amounts of amino acids and carbohydrate (normally glucose) infusions.
Lipofundin MCT/LCT 20 % will normally be given over a period of 1 week.
Lipofundin MCT/LCT 20 % may be given for a longer period time if thought
necessary by your doctor. Under these circumstances, you will be carefully
If you use more Lipofundin MCT/LCT 20 % than you should:
Overdose or too high infusion rate may lead to the so-called fat overload
syndrome. This may show the following signs or symptoms: high levels of
fat in the blood, fever, deposition of fat in the liver or other organs,
Dokument = 210 x 297 mm
Lipofundin MCT/LCT 20%
Font size: 9 pt.
swelling of the liver, which may sometimes be accompanied by jaundice,
swelling of the spleen, low levels of red blood cells, white blood cells and
platelets, disorder of blood clotting, destruction of red blood cells, other
abnormalities of blood cells, abnormal liver function tests and loss of consciousness.
Marked overdose of fat emulsions may also lead to acidosis (where your
blood becomes acidic).
If such undesirable effects occur during therapy, the infusion of Lipofundin
MCT/LCT 20 % will be stopped. The infusion will not be started again until
the fat has cleared from the blood and you have recovered. It may be necessary to make changes to the daily fat doses. Your doctor will decide on
any additional treatment to be given.
4. POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
Like all medicines, Lipofundin MCT/LCT 20 % can cause side effects,
although not everybody gets them.
Undesirable effects occur only very rarely (in less than one of 10 000 treated patients), provided that the instructions for using this product are followed correctly. The following undesirable effects may occur during or
after the administration of fat emulsions (side effects are listed according
to affected organs or organ systems):
Blood, lymphatic system
Increased tendency of the blood to clot
Allergic reactions. Symptoms may include: fever, shivering, rash or dyspnoea (shortness of breath),
High blood fat and blood sugar levels, acidosis
As a result of an impaired capacity to use infused fat, the fat overload
syndrome may develop. The signs and symptoms are described above under
“If you use more Lipofundin MCT/LCT 20 % than you should”
As soon as a fat overload syndrome appears the fat infusion must be
Drop or raise of blood pressure
Breathing problems, cyanosis (bluish discoloration of the skin)
Feeling sick, vomiting
Headache, flushing, fever, sweating, chills, chest and back pain.
If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effect not
listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.
5. HOW TO STORE LIPOFUNDIN MCT/LCT 20 %
Keep Lipofundin MCT/LCT 20 % out of the reach and sight of children.
Do not store above 25°C.
Store bottles in the outer carton, in order to protect from light.
Do not freeze.
Do not use Lipofundin MCT/LCT 20 % after the expiry date which is stated
on the label and the outer carton.
Do not use if Lipofundin MCT/LCT 20 % you notice:
- large oil drops in the emulsion or two separate layers of fluid
- damage of the container or the closure
6. FURTHER INFORMATION
What Lipofundin MCT/LCT 20 % contains
Lipofundin MCT/LCT 20 % is an emulsion of oils in water. It contains 20 per
cent (weight per volume) of a mixture of oils.
• The active substances in 1000 ml Lipofundin MCT/LCT 20 % are:
Soya-bean oil, refined
• The other ingredients are:
all rac α-tocopherol,
water for injections.
The amount of energy supplied per litre of Lipofundin MCT/LCT 20 % is
7990 kJ (1908 kcal).
What Lipofundin MCT/LCT 20 % looks like and contents of the pack
Lipofundin MCT/LCT 20 % is a milky white, sterile emulsion for infusion
(i.e., for administration directly into a vein), contained in glass bottles of
100 ml, 250 ml or 500 ml size.
It is available in packs of:
10 x 100 ml, 10 x 250 ml, 10 x 500 ml
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Marketing authorisation holder and manufacturer:
B. Braun Melsungen AG,
34212 Melsungen, Germany
34209 Melsungen, Germany
Telephone: ++49-56 61-71-0
Fax: +49-56 61-71-45 67
This leaflet was last approved in
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This
includes any possible side effects not listed in the package leaflet. You
can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme at:
By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the
safety of this medicine.
The following information is intended for medical healthcare professionals only:
Before infusing this lipid emulsion together with other solutions via a Y
connector or bypass set, the compatibility of these fluids will be checked,
especially when given with carrier solutions containing other drugs. Special care has to be taken when infusing this product with other solutions
containing certain electrolytes (such as calcium).
If the fat emulsion has been stored in a cool room or a refrigerator, it has
to be allowed to warm up to room temperature before use.
If filters are used, these must allow the lipids (fat droplets) to pass through.
This emulsion has to be inspected before use and should not be administered if the emulsion has separated.
Emulsions that have been frozen must be discarded.
B. Braun Melsungen AG
34209 Melsungen, Germany