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Detectnet

Generic Name: copper cu 64 dotatate
Dosage Form: injection, solution

Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Sep 1, 2020.

Indications and Usage for Detectnet

Detectnet is indicated for use with positron emission tomography (PET) for localization of somatostatin receptor positive neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) in adult patients.

Detectnet Dosage and Administration

Radiation Safety – Drug Handling

Handle Detectnet with appropriate safety measures to minimize radiation exposure [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]. Use waterproof gloves, effective radiation shielding and appropriate safety measures when preparing and handling Detectnet.

Radiopharmaceuticals should be used by or under the control of physicians who are qualified by specific training and experience in the safe use and handling of radionuclides, and whose experience and training have been approved by the appropriate governmental agency authorized to license the use of radionuclides.

Recommended Dosage and Administration Instructions

Recommended Dosage

In adults, the recommended amount of radioactivity to be administered for PET imaging is 148 MBq (4 mCi) administered as an intravenous injection over a period of approximately 1 minute.

Administration

  • Use Detectnet within 2 hours after calibration time.
  • Use aseptic technique and radiation shielding when withdrawing and administering Detectnet.
  • Inspect Detectnet visually for particulate matter and discoloration before administration. Do not use the drug if the solution contains particulate matter or is discolored.
  • Calculate the necessary volume to administer based on measured activity, volume, calibration time, and date.
  • Use a dose calibrator to measure the patient dose immediately prior to administration of Detectnet.
  • After injection of Detectnet, administer an intravenous flush of 0.9% sodium chloride injection, USP.
  • Dispose of any unused drug in a safe manner in compliance with applicable regulations.

Patient Preparation

Somatostatin Analogs

Image patients just prior to dosing with somatostatin analogs.

For patients on long-acting somatostatin analogs, a wash-out period of 28 days is recommended prior to imaging.

For patients on short-acting somatostatin analogs, a washout period of 2 days is recommended prior to imaging [see Drug Interactions (7.1)].

Patient Hydration

Instruct patients to drink water to ensure adequate hydration prior to administration of Detectnet and to continue to drink and void frequently during the first hours following administration to reduce radiation exposure [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

Pregnancy Status

Assessment of pregnancy status is recommended in females of reproductive potential before administering Detectnet.

Image Acquisition

For Detectnet PET imaging, a whole-body acquisition from the skull vertex to mid-thigh is recommended. Image acquisition can begin between 45 to 90 minutes after the intravenous administration of Detectnet. Adapt Detectnet uptake time and scan duration according to the equipment used and the patient and tumor characteristics, to obtain the optimal image quality.

Image Interpretation

Copper Cu 64 dotatate binds to somatostatin receptors. Based upon the intensity of the signals, PET images obtained using copper Cu 64 dotatate injection indicate the presence and density of somatostatin receptors in tissues. Uptake can also be seen in a variety of non-NET tumors that contain somatostatin receptors or as a normal physiologic variant [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]. NET tumors that do not bear somatostatin receptors will not be visualized.

Radiation Dosimetry

Estimated radiation absorbed doses per injected activity for organs and tissues of adult patients following an intravenous administration of copper Cu 64 dotatate injection are shown in Table 1.

Table 1. Estimated radiation absorbed dose per injected activity in selected organs with copper Cu 64 dotatate injection
*
Mean of 5 patients.
Target Organ Mean* absorbed dose (mGy/MBq)
Adrenals 0.137
Brain 0.013
Breasts 0.013
Gallbladder wall 0.040
Lower large intestine wall 0.043
Small intestine 0.066
Stomach wall 0.019
Upper large intestine wall 0.022
Heart wall 0.019
Kidneys 0.139
Liver 0.161
Lungs 0.017
Muscle 0.019
Ovaries 0.019
Pancreas 0.093
Red marrow 0.027
Osteogenic cells 0.034
Skin 0.012
Spleen 0.115
Testes 0.014
Thymus 0.015
Thyroid 0.014
Urinary bladder wall 0.037
Uterus 0.019
Total body 0.025
Effective dose (mSv/MBq) 0.032

The effective radiation dose resulting from the administration of 148 MBq (4 mCi) to an adult is about 4.7 mSv. For an administered activity of 148 MBq (4 mCi) the typical radiation dose to the critical organs, which are the liver, the kidneys/adrenals, and the spleen, are about 24 mGy, 21 mGy and 17 mGy, respectively. Because the spleen has one of the highest physiological uptakes, higher uptake and radiation dose to other organs or pathologic tissues may occur in patients with splenectomy.

Dosage Forms and Strengths

Injection; sterile, clear, colorless to yellow solution in a single-dose vial containing 148 MBq (4 mCi) (37 MBq (1 mCi) per 1 mL) of copper Cu 64 dotatate at calibration date and time.

Contraindications

None.

Warnings and Precautions

Radiation Risk

Diagnostic radiopharmaceuticals, including Detectnet, contribute to a patient’s overall long-term cumulative radiation exposure. Long-term cumulative radiation exposure is associated with an increased risk of cancer. Ensure safe handling and preparation procedures to protect patients and health care workers from unintentional radiation exposure. Advise patients to hydrate before and after administration and to void frequently after administration [see Dosage and Administration (2.1, 2.3)].

Risk for Image Misinterpretation

The uptake of copper Cu 64 dotatate reflects the level of somatostatin receptor density in NETs, however, uptake can also be seen in a variety of other tumors that also express somatostatin receptors. Increased uptake might also be seen in other non-cancerous pathologic conditions that express somatostatin receptors including thyroid disease or in subacute inflammation, or might occur as a normal physiologic variant (e.g. uncinate process of the pancreas) [see Dosage and Administration (2.5)].

A negative scan after the administration of Detectnet in patients who do not have a history of NET disease does not rule out disease [see Clinical Studies (14)].

Adverse Reactions

Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

In safety and efficacy trials, 71 subjects received a single dose of Detectnet. Of these 71 subjects, 21 were healthy volunteers and the remainder were patients with known or suspected NET.

The following adverse reactions occurred at a rate of < 2%:

  • Gastrointestinal Disorders: nausea, vomiting
  • Vascular Disorders: flushing

In published clinical experience, 126 patients with known history of NET received a single dose of copper Cu 64 dotatate injection. Four patients were reported to have experienced nausea immediately after injection.

Drug Interactions

Somatostatin Analogs

Non-radioactive somatostatin analogs and copper Cu 64 dotatate competitively bind to somatostatin receptors (SSTR2). Image patients just prior to dosing with somatostatin analogs. For patients on long-acting somatostatin analogs, a wash-out period of 28 days is recommended prior to imaging. For patients on short-acting somatostatin analogs, a washout period of 2 days is recommended prior to imaging [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)].

USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

Pregnancy

Risk Summary

All radiopharmaceuticals, including Detectnet have the potential to cause fetal harm depending on the fetal stage of development and the magnitude of the radiation dose. Advise a pregnant woman of the potential risks of fetal exposure to radiation from administration of Detectnet.

There are no data on Detectnet use in pregnant women to evaluate for a drug-associated risk of major birth defects, miscarriage, or adverse maternal or fetal outcomes. No animal reproduction studies have been conducted with copper Cu 64 dotatate injection.

The estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. All pregnancies have a background risk of birth defects, loss, or other adverse outcomes. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2% to 4% and 15% to 20%, respectively.

Lactation

Risk Summary

There are no data on the presence of copper Cu 64 dotatate in human milk, the effect on the breastfed infant, or the effect on milk production. Lactation studies have not been conducted in animals.

Advise a lactating woman to interrupt breastfeeding for 12 hours after Detectnet administration in order to minimize radiation exposure to a breastfed infant.

Pediatric use

The safety and effectiveness of Detectnet have not been established in pediatric patients.

Geriatric use

Clinical studies of Detectnet did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy.

Overdosage

In the event of a radiation overdose, the absorbed dose to the patient should be reduced where possible by increasing the elimination of the radionuclide from the body by reinforced hydration and frequent bladder voiding. A diuretic might also be considered. If possible, estimation of the radioactive dose given to the patient should be performed.

Detectnet Description

Chemical Characteristics

Detectnet contains copper Cu 64 dotatate, which is a radioactive diagnostic drug for use with PET imaging. Chemically, copper Cu 64 dotatate is described as copper (Cu 64)-N-[(4,7,10-Tricarboxymethyl-1,4,7,10- tetraazacyclododec-1-yl) acetyl]-Dphenylalanyl-L-cysteinyl-L-tyrosyl-D-tryptophanyl-L-lysyl-L- threoninyl-L-cysteinyl-L-threonine-cyclic (2-7) disulfide. The molecular weight is 1497.2 Daltons and the following is the structural formula:

Detectnet is a sterile, clear, colorless to yellow solution for intravenous use. Each 10 mL single-dose vial contains 148 MBq (4 mCi) of copper Cu 64 dotatate at calibration date and time in 4 mL solution volume. Additionally, each mL of the solution contains 40 mg ascorbic acid, 0.05 ml of dehydrated alcohol, USP (ethanol) in sterile water for injection, USP. The pH is adjusted with sodium hydroxide, hydrochloric acid and is between 5.5 to 7.5.

Physical Characteristics

Table 2 and Table 3 display the principal radiation emission data and physical decay of copper Cu 64.

Copper Cu 64 decays with a half-life t1/2=12.7 hours:

  • 17.6% by positron emission to Ni 64 followed by emission of two 511 keV annihilation photons,
  • 38.5% by beta decay to Zn 64,
  • 43.8% by electron capture to Ni 64, and
  • 0.475% by gamma radiation/internal conversion.
Table 2. Principal radiation emission data (>1%) of copper Cu 64
Radiation/Emission % Disintegration Mean Energy (keV)
Positron (β+) 17.6 278
Beta (β-) 38.5 190.7
Gamma (γ) 35.7
0.48
511
1346
Table 3. Physical decay chart of copper Cu 64
Hours Fraction Remaining Hours Fraction Remaining
0 1.00 18 0.374
1 0.947 24 (1 day) 0.270
3 0.849 36 (1.5 days) 0.140
6 0.721 48 (2 days) 0.073
9 0.612 72 (3 days) 0.020
12 0.520 96 (4 days) 0.005

External Radiation

Gamma constant: 3.6 X 10-5 mSv/hr per MBq at 1 meter (0.133 mrem/hr per mCi at 1 meter)
Table 4 displays the radiation attenuation by lead shielding of copper Cu 64.

Table 4. Radiation attenuation of copper Cu 64 by lead shielding
Shield Thickness cm of
Lead (Pb)
Coefficient of
Attenuation
0.51 0.5
1.60 0.1
3.45 0.01
6.83 0.001

Detectnet - Clinical Pharmacology

Mechanism of Action

Copper Cu 64 dotatate binds to somatostatin receptors with highest affinity for subtype 2 receptors (SSTR2). It binds to cells that express somatostatin receptors including malignant neuroendocrine cells, which overexpress SSTR2 receptors. Copper Cu 64 is a positron (β+) emitting radionuclide with an emission yield that allows positron emission tomography (PET) imaging.

Pharmacodynamics

The relationship between copper Cu 64 dotatate plasma concentrations and successful imaging was not explored in clinical trials.

Pharmacokinetics

Distribution

After 1 to 3 hours of a single dose administration of copper Cu 64 dotatate injection, the maximum radioactivity is observed in adrenal glands, kidney, pituitary glands, spleen, and liver.

Elimination

Metabolism

The metabolism of copper Cu 64 dotatate is unknown.

Excretion

Following a single intravenous dose (4.15 ± 0.13 mCi) of Detectnet (n = 6), between 16% to 40% radioactivity of the injected dose was recovered in urine over a 6-hour collection time.

Specific Populations

The effect of hepatic impairment or renal impairment on copper Cu 64 dotatate pharmacokinetics has not been studied.

Nonclinical Toxicology

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Carcinogenicity and mutagenicity studies have not been conducted with copper Cu 64 dotatate injection; however, radiation is a carcinogen and mutagen.

No animal studies were conducted to determine the effects of copper Cu 64 dotatate on fertility or embryology.

Clinical Studies

The efficacy of Detectnet was established in two single-center, open-label studies. Study 1 prospectively evaluated a total of 63 subjects, including 42 patients with known or suspected NET based on histology, conventional imaging, or clinical evaluations and 21 healthy volunteers. Of the 42 patients, 37 (88%) had a history of NETs at the time of Detectnet imaging. Among the total study population of 63 subjects, 28 (44%) were men and 35 (56%) were women with most subjects being white (86%). The mean age of the subjects was 54 years (range 25 to 82 years).

Detectnet images from each subject were interpreted as either positive or negative for NET by three independent readers who were blinded to clinical information and other imaging results. PET imaging results were compared to a composite reference standard consisting of a single oncologist’s blinded assessment of subject diagnosis based on available histopathology results, reports of conventional imaging (MRI, contrast CT, bone scintigraphy, F 18 fludeoxyglucose PET/CT, F 18 sodium fluoride PET/CT, In 111 pentetreotide SPECT/CT, Ga 68 dotatate PET/CT) performed within 8 weeks prior to Detectnet imaging, and clinical and laboratory data including chromogranin A and serotonin levels. The proportion of subjects positive for disease per composite reference who were identified as positive by Detectnet imaging was used to quantify positive percent agreement. The proportion of subjects without disease per composite reference who were identified as negative by Detectnet imaging was used to quantify negative percent agreement. Table 5 shows the performance of Detectnet in the detection of NET for Study 1.

Table 5: Performance of Detectnet in the detection of NET by reader in Study 1

n: number of patients, CI: confidence interval, *Reader 1 interpreted one of the 63 PET scans as “not evaluable”, **Wilson score interval with continuity correction

NET status as identified by reader

Reference

Positive

Negative

Reader 1

(n=62)*

Positive

30

1

Negative

3

28

Percent Reader Agreement

(95% CI)**

91 (75, 98)

97 (80, 99)

Reader 2

(n=63)

Positive

30

6

Negative

3

24

Percent Reader Agreement

(95% CI)**

91 (75, 98)

80 (61, 92)

Reader 3

(n=63)

Positive

30

3

Negative

3

27

Percent Reader Agreement

(95% CI)**

91 (75, 98)

90 (72, 97)

Study 2 showed similar performance through retrospective analysis of published data collected in 112 patients (63 males, 49 females; mean age 62 years, range 30 to 84 years) with a known history of NET.

How Supplied/Storage and Handling

How Supplied

Detectnet (NDC 69945-064-01) is supplied as a sterile, clear, colorless to yellow solution in a 10 mL single-dose vial containing 148 MBq (4 mCi) (37 MBq (1 mCi) per mL) of copper Cu 64 dotatate at calibration date and time.

The sealed vial is contained in a shielded (lead) container for radiation protection. The product is shipped in a Type A package.

Discard unused portion from the single-patient use vial.

Storage and Handling

Store Detectnet in an upright position within the lead shielding to protect handlers from exposure to radiation.

Store Detectnet at controlled room temperature 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F). Do not use and discard Detectnet 2 hours after the calibration date and time.

This radiopharmaceutical is for distribution and use by persons under license by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission or the relevant regulatory authority of an Agreement State. Store and dispose of Detectnet in compliance with the appropriate regulations of the government agency authorized to license the use of this radionuclide.

Patient Counseling Information

Radiation Risk

Advise patients to drink water to ensure adequate hydration prior to their PET study and recommend they drink and urinate as often as possible during the first hours following the administration of Detectnet, in order to reduce radiation exposure [see Dosage and Administration (2.3) and Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

Pregnancy

Advise a pregnant woman of the potential risks of fetal exposure to radiation doses with Detectnet [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].

Lactation

Advise a lactating woman to interrupt breastfeeding for 12 hours after Detectnet administration in order to minimize radiation exposure to a breastfed infant [see Use in Specific Populations (8.2)].

Manufactured, Packed and Distributed by:
Curium US LLC
2703 Wagner Place
Maryland Heights, MO 63043

© 2020 Curium US LLC
DetectnetTM and CuriumTM are trademarks of a Curium company.

Principal Display Panel - Vial

DetectnetTM ´╗┐Sterile
(copper Cu 64 dotatate injection) NDC 69945-064-01

148 MBq (4 mCi) per 4 mL at calibration
(37 MBq (1 mCi) per 1 mL)
For Intravenous Use Only
Single-Dose Vial - Discard Unused Portion.

Cal. time: 1700 CT Exp. time: 1900 CT

Cal. date: Exp. date:

Lot #:

Principal Display Panel - Can

DetectnetTM
(copper Cu 64 dotatate injection) NDC 69945-064-01

148 MBq (4 mCi) per 4 mL at calibration
(37 MBq (1 mCi) per 1 mL)

For Intravenous Use Only.
Single-Dose Vial - Discard Unused Portion.

Rx only

Recommended adult dosage: 148 MBq (4 mCi) - See Prescribing
Information.
Each mL contains: 37 MBq (1 mCi) of copper Cu 64 dotatate at
calibration date and time, 40 mg ascorbic acid, 0.05 ml of dehydrated
alcohol (ethanol) in sterile water for injection. Sodium hydroxide
and / or hydrochloric acid is added for pH adjustment.

Store upright at controlled room temperature 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F)
in a shielded container.

CURIUMTM

Manufactured, packed, and distributed by:
Curium US LLC. 2703 Wagner Place, Maryland Heights, MO 63043

Detectnet
copper cu 64 dotatate injection, solution
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:69945-064
Route of Administration INTRAVENOUS DEA Schedule
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
COPPER OXODOTREOTIDE CU-64 (COPPER OXODOTREOTIDE CU-64) COPPER OXODOTREOTIDE CU-64 1.0 mCi in 1 mL
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
ASCORBIC ACID 40 mg in 1 mL
ALCOHOL 0.05 mL in 1 mL
WATER
SODIUM HYDROXIDE
HYDROCHLORIC ACID
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:69945-064-01 1 VIAL, SINGLE-USE in 1 CAN
1 4 mL in 1 VIAL, SINGLE-USE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA213227 09/14/2020
Labeler - CURIUM US LLC (079875617)
Establishment
Name Address ID/FEI Operations
Curium US LLC 557570652 manufacture(69945-064), api manufacture(69945-064), sterilize(69945-064), pack(69945-064), analysis(69945-064)
CURIUM US LLC

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