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Guaifenesin / phenylephrine Pregnancy and Breastfeeding Warnings

Guaifenesin / phenylephrine is also known as: Aldex, Chest Congestion Relief PE, Crantex, Deconex, Despec, Donatussin Drops, Duomax, Endal, Entex LA, Gilphex TR, Guaiphen-D 1200, Guaiphen-D 600, Guaiphen-PD, Miraphen PE, Mucus Relief PE, Mucus Relief Sinus, Mydex, Nazarin, Prolex D, Refenesen Chest Congestion Relief PE, Simuc, Supress-PE, Triaminic Chest & Nasal Congestion, Xpect-PE, Zotex GPX

Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Jan 28, 2019.

Guaifenesin / phenylephrine Pregnancy Warnings

Animal studies have not been performed with the combination product. There are no controlled data in human pregnancy.
Guaifenesin: Animal studies are not available. A monitoring study including 197 mother-child pairs that had first trimester guaifenesin exposure showed an increase in inguinal hernias; 1336 any time pregnancy exposures showed no association with malformations.

Phenylephrine: A monitoring study including 1249 mother-child pairs that had first trimester phenylephrine exposure showed an increase in malformation, with association greater with minor defects than major defects (8 eye and ear defects, 6 syndactyly, 4 preauricular skin tags, and 3 clubfoot cases); 4149 any time pregnancy exposures were associated with 15 congenital dislocation of the hip, 6 umbilical hernia, and 4 other musculoskeletal defects. Placental transfer is likely with phenylephrine's low molecular weight (about 167).

AU TGA pregnancy category B2: Drugs which have been taken by only a limited number of pregnant women and women of childbearing age, without an increase in the frequency of malformation or other direct or indirect harmful effects on the human fetus having been observed. Studies in animals are inadequate or may be lacking, but available data show no evidence of an increased occurrence of fetal damage.

US FDA pregnancy category Not Assigned: The US FDA has amended the pregnancy labeling rule for prescription drug products to require labeling that includes a summary of risk, a discussion of the data supporting that summary, and relevant information to help health care providers make prescribing decisions and counsel women about the use of drugs during pregnancy. Pregnancy categories A, B, C, D, and X are being phased out.

Safety has not been established during pregnancy; use should be avoided during the third trimester of pregnancy.

AU TGA pregnancy category: B2
US FDA pregnancy category: Not assigned

Comments:
-There is no data on use in pregnant women to know this drugs risks, including the risk of fetal harm or reproductive effects.
-Available data do not indicate developmental toxicity with guaifenesin.
-Phenylephrine is a sympathomimetic used in emergencies to treat hypotension and alleviate eye and ear allergic symptoms.
-Phenylephrine could cause constriction in uterine vessels (that are normally maximally dilated during pregnancy), reducing uterine blood flow, potentially causing fetal hypoxia.
-Phenylephrine may interact with oxytocic or ergot derivatives to cause persistent maternal hypertension; cerebral vessel rupture is possible.
-Sympathomimetic amines are teratogenic in some animal models, but are not suspected to cause human teratogenicity.

See references

Guaifenesin / phenylephrine Breastfeeding Warnings

The manufacturer makes no recommendation regarding use during lactation.

Excreted into human milk: Data not available (guaifenesin, phenylephrine)
Excreted into animal milk: Data not available (guaifenesin, phenylephrine)

Comments:
-There is no information regarding this drug on the presence in human milk, the effects on a breastfed infant, or effects on milk production.
-Guaifenesin from breast milk is not expected to adversely affect nursing infants at normal parental doses.
-Phenylephrine oral bioavailability is about 40%, making it unlikely an infant would receive large doses from breast milk.
-Phenylephrine may decrease milk production.
-Products with high alcohol content should be avoided during while breastfeeding.

See references

References for pregnancy information

  1. TGA. Therapeutic Goods Administration. Australian Drug Evaluation Committee "Prescribing medicines in pregnancy: an Australian categorisation of risk of drug use in pregnancy. Available from: URL: http://www.tga.gov.au/docs/html/medpreg.htm." ([1999]):
  2. "Product Information. Gilphex TR (guaifenesin-phenylephrine)." Gil Pharmaceutical Corporation, Ponce, PR.
  3. Briggs GG, Freeman RK. "Drugs in Pregnancy and Lactation. 10th ed." Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer Health (2015):

References for breastfeeding information

  1. "Product Information. Gilphex TR (guaifenesin-phenylephrine)." Gil Pharmaceutical Corporation, Ponce, PR.
  2. United States National Library of Medicine "Toxnet. Toxicology Data Network. Available from: URL: http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/htmlgen?LACT." ([cited 2013 -]):

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

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