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Famciclovir Pregnancy and Breastfeeding Warnings

Brand names: Famvir

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Aug 4, 2023.

Famciclovir Pregnancy Warnings

Famciclovir has been assigned to pregnancy category B. Animal studies failed to reveal evidence of teratogenicity. There are no controlled data in human pregnancy. Famciclovir should only be given during pregnancy when need has been clearly established.

Famciclovir was tested on embryo-fetal development in rats and rabbits at oral doses up to 1000 mg/kg/day; IV doses of 360 mg/kg/day in rats and 120 mg/kg/day in rabbits were also tested. No adverse effects were observed on embryo-fetal development.

To monitor maternal-fetal outcomes of pregnant women exposed to famciclovir a pregnancy registry has been established. Physicians are encouraged to register their patients at 888-669-6682.

See references

Famciclovir Breastfeeding Warnings

There are no data on the excretion of famciclovir into human milk. Following oral administration of famciclovir to lactating rats, its active metabolite penciclovir was excreted in breast milk at concentrations higher than those seen in the plasma. There are no data on the safety of penciclovir in nursing infants. The manufacturer recommends that famciclovir should not be administered to nursing women unless the benefit outweighs the risk. The U.S. Public Health Service Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advise HIV-infected mothers not to breast-feed to avoid postnatal transmission of HIV to a child who may not yet be infected.

See references

References for pregnancy information

  1. (2001) "Product Information. Famvir (famciclovir)." SmithKline Beecham

References for breastfeeding information

  1. (2001) "Product Information. Famvir (famciclovir)." SmithKline Beecham
  2. Panel on Treatment of HIV-Infected Pregnant Women and Prevention of Perinatal Transmission. National Institute of Health (2012) Recommendations for use of antiretroviral drugs in pregnant HIV-1-infected women for maternal health and interventions to reduce perinatal HIV transmission in the United States.
  3. (2013) "Infant feeding and transmission of human immunodeficiency virus in the United States." Pediatrics, 131, p. 391-6

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.