Skip to Content
Learn about Adcetris a treatment of Hodgkin Lymphoma

Doxorubicin Pregnancy and Breastfeeding Warnings

Doxorubicin is also known as: Adriamycin, Adriamycin PFS, Adriamycin RDF

Medically reviewed on December 28, 2016

Doxorubicin Pregnancy Warnings

Use is contraindicated.

AU TGA pregnancy category: D
US FDA pregnancy category: D

Comments:
-This drug can harm a developing fetus.
-Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during and for 6 months after ending therapy.
-This drug may damage spermatozoa and testicular tissue, resulting in possible genetic fetal abnormalities. Males with female sexual partners of reproductive potential should use effective contraception during and for 6 months after ending therapy.
-If this drug is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential harm to the fetus.

Animal studies have revealed evidence of embryotoxicity and teratogenicity. There are no controlled data in human pregnancy.

Females: In females of reproductive potential, this drug may cause infertility and result in amenorrhea. Premature menopause can occur. Recovery of menses and ovulation is related to age at treatment.

Males: This drug may result in oligospermia, azoospermia, and permanent loss of fertility. Sperm counts have been reported to return to normal levels in some men. This may occur several years after the end of therapy.

AU TGA pregnancy category D: Drugs which have caused, are suspected to have caused or may be expected to cause, an increased incidence of human fetal malformations or irreversible damage. These drugs may also have adverse pharmacological effects. Accompanying texts should be consulted for further details.

US FDA pregnancy category D: There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.

See references

Doxorubicin Breastfeeding Warnings

Most experts consider breastfeeding to be contraindicated during maternal antineoplastic drug therapy, especially anthracyclines such as this drug. It might be possible to breastfeed safely during intermittent therapy with an appropriate period of breastfeeding abstinence; however, the high levels and persistence of this drug in milk make defining an appropriate abstinence interval difficult. Chemotherapy may adversely affect the normal microbiome and chemical makeup of breastmilk. Women who receive chemotherapy during pregnancy are more likely to have difficulty nursing their infant.

Use is contraindicated.

Excreted into human milk: Yes

Comments: This drug can harm a nursing infant.

See references

References for pregnancy information

  1. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0
  2. "Product Information. Adriamycin PFS (doxorubicin)." Pharmacia and Upjohn, Kalamazoo, MI.

References for breastfeeding information

  1. United States National Library of Medicine "Toxnet. Toxicology Data Network. Available from: URL: http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/htmlgen?LACT." ([cited 2013 -]):
  2. "Product Information. Adriamycin PFS (doxorubicin)." Pharmacia and Upjohn, Kalamazoo, MI.
  3. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Hide